Language of document :

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Verwaltungsgerichtshof Baden-Württemberg (Germany) lodged on 2 July 2013 – H. T. v Land Baden-Württemberg

(Case C-373/13)

Language of the case: German

Referring court

Verwaltungsgerichtshof Baden-Württemberg

Parties to the main proceedings

Applicant: H. T.

Defendant: Land Baden-Württemberg

Questions referred

(a) Must the rule contained in the first subparagraph of Article 24(1) of Directive 2004/83/EC, 1 concerning the obligation of Member States to issue a residence permit to persons who have been granted refugee status, be observed even in the case of revocation of a previously issued residence permit?

(b)    Must that rule therefore be interpreted as meaning that it precludes the revocation or termination of the residence permit (by expulsion under national law, for example) of a beneficiary of refugee status in cases where the conditions laid down in Article 21(3) in conjunction with (2) of Directive 2004/83/EC are not fulfilled or there are ‘compelling reasons of national security or public order’ within the meaning of the first subparagraph of Article 24(1) of Directive 2004/83/EC?

If the first question is to be answered in the affirmative:

(a)    How must the ground for exclusion of ‘compelling reasons of national security or public order’ in the first subparagraph of Article 24(1) of Directive 2004/83/EC be interpreted in relation to the risks represented by support for a terrorist association?

(b)    Is it possible for ‘compelling reasons of national security or public order’ within the meaning of the first subparagraph of Article 24(1) of Directive 2004/83/EC to exist in the case where a beneficiary of refugee status has supported the PKK, in particular by collecting donations and regularly participating in PKK-related events, even if the conditions for non-compliance with the principle of non-refoulement laid down in Article 33(2) of the Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and also, therefore, the conditions laid down in Article 21(2) of Directive 2004/83/EC are not fulfilled?

If Question 1(a) is to be answered in the negative:

Is the revocation or termination of the residence permit issued to a beneficiary of refugee status (by expulsion under national law, for example) permissible under European Law only in cases where the conditions laid down in Article 21(3) in conjunction with (2) of Directive 2004/83/EC (or the identically-worded provisions of Directive 2011/95/EU, the successor to Directive 2004/83/EC) are satisfied?

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1     Council Directive 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted (OJ 2004 L 304, p. 12).