Language of document : ECLI:EU:C:2014:2284

Joined Cases C‑12/13 P and C‑13/13 P

Gérard Buono and Others

v

European Commission

(Appeals — Common fisheries policy — Fishing quotas — Emergency measures adopted by the Commission — Non-contractual liability of the European Union — Second paragraph of Article 340 TFEU — Conditions — Actual and certain harm)

Summary — Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 14 October 2014

1.        Judicial proceedings — Oral part of the procedure — Reopening — No obligation to reopen the oral part of the procedure to allow the parties to submit observations on points of law raised in the Advocate General’s Opinion and which were not the subject of an exchange between the parties

(Art. 252, second para., TFEU; Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice, Art. 83)

2.        Judicial proceedings — Application initiating proceedings — Formal requirements — Brief summary of the pleas in law on which the application is based — Application seeking compensation for damage caused by an EU institution — Absence of information as to the nature and evaluation of the harm suffered — Inadmissibility

(Statute of the Court of Justice, Art. 21; Rules of Procedure of the General Court, Art. 44(1)(c))

3.        Non-contractual liability — Responsibility for a lawful act — Principle not recognised in EU law — Grounds intended to establish unusual and special harm — Nugatory grounds

(Art. 340, second para., TFEU)

4.        Appeals — Grounds — Ground of appeal against a ground of the judgment not necessary to support the operative part — Invalid plea in law

5.        Appeals — Grounds — Appeal brought against a judgment ruling on joined cases — Possibility for any party to direct a ground of appeal against of the General Court’s reasoning, irrespective of the pleas put forward by it before the General Court

(Art. 256 TFEU; Statute of the Court of Justice, Art. 58, first para.)

6.        Judicial proceedings — Introduction of new pleas during the proceedings — Conditions — Plea based on matters coming to light in the course of the proceedings — Scope — Plea based on a judgment of the Court affecting the legality of the contested measure, without changing the applicant’s legal situation — Not included

(Rules of Procedure of the General Court, Art. 48(2); Commission Regulation No 530/2008)

7.        Appeals — Grounds — Grounds of a judgment marred by an infringement of EU law — Operative part well founded for other legal reasons — Rejection

1.        See the text of the decision.

(see paras 26-28)

2.        See the text of the decision.

(see paras 33-35, 38)

3.        See the text of the decision.

(see paras 43, 46, 64)

4.        See the text of the decision.

(see para. 47)

5.        See the text of the decision.

(see para. 52)

6.        Under Article 48(2) of the Rules of Procedure of the General Court, no new plea in law may be introduced in the course of proceedings unless it is based on matters of law or of fact which come to light in the course of the procedure.

As regards an action brought by owners and shareholders in purse seiners flying the flag of France against Regulation No 530/2008 establishing emergency measures as regards purse seiners fishing for bluefin tuna in the Atlantic Ocean, east of longitude 45°W, and in the Mediterranean Sea, a judgment of the Court which declared that regulation to be invalid only to the extent that the purse seiners flying the flag of Spain were given an extra week of fishing, but maintained the validity of the date of the prohibition set for the remaining fishing vessels, does not constitute a new matter of law allowing a new plea in law to be raised in the proceedings. In fact, since the prohibition on fishing enacted for purse seiners flying the flag of Greece, France, Italy, Cyprus and Malta remained valid, that judgment has only confirmed a legal situation of which the applicants were aware when they brought their action.

(see paras 55, 58-60

7.        See the text of the decision.

(see para. 62)