Language of document :

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Corte suprema di cassazione (Italy) lodged on 19 February 2019 — Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri v BV

(Case C-129/19)

Language of the case: Italian

Referring court

Corte suprema di cassazione

Parties to the main proceedings

Appellant: Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri

Respondent: BV

Questions referred

The Court of Justice of the European Union is requested to rule [in the specific circumstances in the main proceedings concerning an action for damages, brought by an Italian citizen ordinarily resident in Italy, against the legislator State on grounds of non-fulfilment and/or incorrect fulfilment and/or incomplete fulfilment of the obligations laid down in Council Directive 2004/80/EC of 29 April 2004 relating to compensation to crime victims, 1 and, in particular, the obligation, set out in Article 12(2) thereof, on the Member States to introduce, by 1 July 2005 (as laid down in the subsequent Article 18(1)) a general scheme of compensatory protection capable of guaranteeing fair and appropriate compensation to the victims of any violent and intentional crimes (including the crime of sexual violence of which the party concerned was victim), in cases where such victims are unable to obtain, from those directly responsible, full compensation for the damaged sustained] on the following questions:

In relation to the situation of late (and/or incomplete) implementation in the national legal system of Council Directive 2004/80/EC of 29 April 2004 relating to compensation to crime victims, which is non-self-executing as regards the establishment, required by it, of a scheme for compensation for the victims of violent crimes, which gives rise, in relation to cross-border persons, who are the sole addressees of the directive, to a liability on the part of the Member State to pay compensation in accordance with the principles set out in the case-law of the Court of Justice (inter alia the judgments in Francovich and Brasserie du Pêcheur and Factortame III), does [EU] law require that a similar liability be imposed on the Member State in relation to non-cross-border (and thus resident) persons, who are not the direct addressees of the benefits deriving from implementation of the directive but who, in order to avoid infringement of the principle of equal treatment/non-discrimination in that [EU] law, should have and could have — if the directive had been implemented in full and in good time — benefited, by extension, from the effet utile of that directive (that is to say, the abovementioned compensation scheme)?

If the answer to the preceding question is in the affirmative:

Can the compensation established for the victims of violent intentional crimes (and in particular the crime of sexual violence referred to in Article 609-bis of the Italian Criminal Code) by the Decree of the Minister for the Interior of 31 August 2017 [issued pursuant to Article 11(3) of Law No 122 of 7 July 2016 on provisions to comply with the obligations arising from Italy’s membership of the European Union — European Law 2015-2016, with subsequent amendments (referred to in Article 6 of Law No 167 of 20 November 2017 and Article 1(593) to (596) of Law No 145 of 30 December 2018)] in the fixed amount of EUR 4 800 be regarded as ‘fair and appropriate compensation to victims’ within the meaning of Article 12(2) of Directive 2004/80?


1     Council Directive 2004/80/EC of 29 April 2004 relating to compensation to crime victims (OJ 2004 L 261, p. 15).