Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 30 May 2006.

European Parliament v Council of the European Union (C-317/04) and Commission of the European Communities (C-318/04).

Protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data - Air transport - Decision 2004/496/EC - Agreement between the European Community and the United States of America - Passenger Name Records of air passengers transferred to the United States Bureau of Customs and Border Protection - Directive 95/46/EC - Article 25 - Third countries - Decision 2004/535/EC - Adequate level of protection.

Joined cases C-317/04 and C-318/04.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
29/07/2006 Parliament v Council
View pdf documents
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2006:346
30/05/2006 Parliament v Council
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2006:346
30/05/2006 Parliament v Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2005:710
22/11/2005 Parliament v Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2005:189
17/03/2005 Parliament v Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2005:189
17/03/2005 Parliament v Council
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2004:834
21/09/2004 Parliament v Council
Application (OJ)
11/09/2004 Parliament v Council
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2006 I-04721

Subject-matter

Action for annulment: annulment of Council Decision 2004/496/EC of 17 May 2004 on the conclusion of an Agreement between the European Community and the United States of America on the processing and transfer of PNR data by Air Carriers to the United States Department of Homeland Security, Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (OJ L 183 of 20.05.2004, p. 83)

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws and uniform laws
    B-11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws and uniform laws
    B-11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.02 Negotiation and conclusion


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 95 : paragraphs 67, 69
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 95 -P1 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 95/46 -A02 : paragraph 9
  • Directive 95/46 -A03 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 95/46 -A03P2T1 : paragraphs 54, 59, 60
  • Directive 95/46 -A06P1 : paragraph 11
  • Directive 95/46 -A07 : paragraph 12
  • Directive 95/46 -A08P5L1 : paragraph 13
  • Directive 95/46 -A12 : paragraph 14
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 95/46 -A22 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 95/46 -A25 : paragraphs 18, 67
  • Directive 95/46 -A26P1 : paragraph 19
  • Decision 2004/496 : paragraph 28
  • Decision 2004/496 -A01 : paragraph 30
  • Decision 2004/496 -C1 : paragraph 29
  • Decision 2004/496 -C2 : paragraph 29
  • Decision 2004/496 -C3 : paragraph 29
  • Decision 2004/535 -A01 : paragraph 23
  • Decision 2004/535 -A02 : paragraph 23
  • Decision 2004/535 -A03 : paragraph 23
  • Decision 2004/535 -A04 : paragraph 23
  • Decision 2004/535 -C11 : paragraph 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/01 : paragraph 58

Operative part

  • Annuls : Decision 2004/496
  • Annuls : Decision 2004/535

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 10 : point 272
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 95 : points 126, 128, 154
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 95 -P1 : points 18, 141
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 251 : points 177, 178
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 253 : point 266
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 300 -P3 : points 20, 152, 177, 180, 182
  • EU Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 6 : point 17
  • Directive 95/46 -A01 : point 27
  • Directive 95/46 -A02 : point 28
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LB : point 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A03P2 : point 33
  • Directive 95/46 -A03P2T1 : points 96, 186
  • Directive 95/46 -A06 : point 34
  • Directive 95/46 -A08P1 : point 36
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1 : point 37
  • Directive 95/46 -A25 : points 86, 95, 104, 105
  • Directive 95/46 -A25P1 : point 92
  • Directive 95/46 -A25P2 : point 89
  • Directive 95/46 -A25P6 : point 100
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2000) -A08 : point 23
  • Decision 2004/496 -A01 : point 57
  • Decision 2004/496 -A02 : point 57
  • Decision 2004/496 -A07 : point 58
  • Decision 2004/535 : point 44
  • Decision 2004/535 -A01 : point 46
  • Decision 2004/535 -A03 : point 47
  • Decision 2004/535 -A05 : point 49
  • Decision 2004/535 -C11 : point 45
  • Decision 2004/535 -C15 : point 99
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/69 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -11/70 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -4/73 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -136/79 : point 209
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -260/89 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -62/90 : point 209
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -404/92 : point 209
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -299/95 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -376/98 : point 143
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/99 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Opinion 2/00 : point 127
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/01 : points 87, 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/01 : point 143


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 27/07/2004

Date of the Opinion

  • 22/11/2005

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

30/05/2006


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 228 from 11.09.2004, p.31

Judgment: OJ C 178 from 29.07.2006, p.1

Name of the parties

Parliament v Council

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2006 nº 309
  2. Simitis, Spiros: Übermittlung der Daten von Flugpassagieren in die USA: Dispens vom Datenschutz?, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2006 p.2011-2014
  3. Westphal, Dietrich: Übermittlung europäischer Fluggastdaten, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2006 p.406-408
  4. Schaar, Peter: EuGH-Entscheidung zur Fluggastdatenübermittlung - Grund zur Begeisterung?, Multimedia und Recht 2006 p.425-426
  5. Kahlert, Henning: Europäische Flugpassagierdaten in amerikanischen Händen - (k)ein rein kompetenzrechtliches Problem, European Law Reporter 2006 p.242-245
  6. Szczekalla, Peter: Übermittlung von Fluggastdaten an die USA, Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt 2006 p.896-899
  7. Pahlawan-Sentilhes, E.: Coup d'arrêt aux transferts de données sur les passagers en partance pour les Etats-Unis, Recueil Le Dalloz 2006 IR. p.1560-1561
  8. Michel, Valérie: La dimension externe de la protection des données à caractère personnel: acquiescement, perplexité et frustration, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2006 p. 549-559
  9. Gabel, Detlev ; Arhold, Christoph: Fluggastdaten (PNR): Der Beschluss des Rates über den Abschluss des Abkommens zwischen der EG und den USA über die Verarbeitung und Übermittlung personenbezogener Daten im Luftverkehr sowie die Angemessenheitsentscheidung der Kommission sind nichtig, Europäisches Wirtschafts- & Steuerrecht - EWS 2006 p.363-364
  10. Pedilarco, Emanuele: Protezione dei dati personali: la Corte di giustizia annulla l'accordo Unione europea-Stati Uniti sul trasferimento dei dati dei passeggeri aerei, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2006 p.1225-1231
  11. Torres, Chloé ; Bensoussan-Brulé, Virginie: Gazette du Palais 2006 nº 291-292 I Jur. p.26
  12. Mariatte, Flavien: La sécurité intérieure des États-Unis ... ne relève pas des compétences externes des Communautés, Europe 2006 Juillet Etude nº 8 p.4-8
  13. Pogáčová, Juliana: Rozsudok "ROZHODOVACIA PRAX SÚDNEHO DVORA A SÚDU PRVÉHO STUPŇA", Výber z rozhodnutí Súdneho dvora Európskych spoločenstiev 2006 p.60-82
  14. Mantelero, Alessandro: Note minime in margine alla pronuncia della Corte di giustizia delle Comunità europee sul trasferimento dei dati personali dei passeggeri dei vettori aerei verso gli Stati Uniti, Contratto e impresa / Europa 2006 p.1075-1081
  15. Tiberi, Giulia: L'accordo tra la Comunità europea e gli Stati Uniti sulla schedatura elettronica dei passeggeri aerei al vaglio della Corte di giustizia, Quaderni costituzionali 2006 p.824-829
  16. Sotiropoulos, V.: I "tetarti" apofasi tou DEK schetika me tin prostasia prosopikon dedomenon - I ypothesi PNR/USA, To Syntagma 2006 p.938-952
  17. Sotiropoulos, V.: I diavivasi prosopikon dedomenon epivaton ptiseon apo tin EE stis IPA gia skopous katapolemisis tis tromokratias - i ypothesi "PNR/USA" sto DEK, Efimerida Dioikitikou Dikaiou 2006 p.358-363
  18. Dirrig, E.: La jurisprudence de la Cour de justice et du Tribunal de première instance. Chronique des arrêts. Arrêt "Passenger Name Records", Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2006 nº 3 p.698-702
  19. Georgousis, K.: Dikaio Meson Enimerosos & Epikoinonias 2006 p.423-424
  20. Maffei, Daniela: "Legislazione dell'emergenza" e tutela dei dati personali dei passeggeri: il conflitto Europa-USA, Il diritto dell'informazione e dell'informatica 2006 p.778-792
  21. Lang, Miriam-Carolina: Revue des affaires européennes 2006 p.341-354
  22. Rinuy, Lionel: Revue des affaires européennes 2006 p.354-363
  23. González Vaqué, Luis: El Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas anula el Acuerdo entre la Comunidad Europea y los EE.UU. para la transmisión de los datos sobre los pasajeros por las compañías aéreas, Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo 2006 p.557-576
  24. Tonner, Klaus: Fluggastdaten und kein Ende, Reise-Recht aktuell : RRa : Zeitschrift für das Tourismusrecht 2006 p.145
  25. Mendez, Mario: Passenger Name Record Agreement. European Court of Justice. Annulment of Commission Adequacy Decision and Council Decision Concerning Conclusion of Passenger Name Record Agreement with US Grand Chamber Judgment of 30 May 2006, Joined cases C-317/04 and C-318/04, European Parliament v. Council and Commission, European Constitutional Law Review 2007 Vol.3 p.127-147
  26. Banu, Mihai: Protecția persoanelor fizice în privința tratamentului de date cu caracter personal. Transport aerian. Decizia 2004/496/CE. Acord între Comunitatea Europeană și Statele Unite ale Americii. Dosare ale pasagerilor aerieni transferate către Biroul vamal și de protecție a frontierelor al SUA. Directiva 95/46/CE. Articolul 25. State terțe. Decizia 2004/553/CE. Nivel adecvat de protecție, Revista română de drept comunitar 2007 nº 02 p.131-134
  27. Ruffer, Emil: Předávání osobních údajů cestujících v letecké dopravě mezi EU a USA, Jurisprudence : specialista na komentování judikatury 2007 p.30-40
  28. Gilmore, Gráinne ; Rijpma, Jorrit: Common Market Law Review 2007 p.1081-1099
  29. De Hert, Paul ; Zwenne, Gerrit-Jan: Over passagiersgegevens en preventieve misdaadbestrijding binnen de Europese Unie, Nederlands juristenblad 2007 p.1662-1670
  30. Zwenne, Gerrit-Jan ; De Hert, Paul: Sur les données des dossiers passagers, la directive "vie privée" 95/46/CE et la non-adéquation de la législation européenne, Revue européenne de droit de la consommation 2007 p.223-242
  31. Banu, Mihai: Directiva 2006/24/CE. Pǎstrarea datelor generate sau prelucrate în legǎturǎ cu furnizarea serviciilor de comunicații electronice. Alegerea temeiului juridic, Revista românǎ de drept comunitar 2009 nº 06 p.123-137



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties
  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • Approximation of laws
  • Transport
  • External relations
  • Data protection

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Colneric

Advocate General

Léger

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French