Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 1 April 2008.

Tadao Maruko v Versorgungsanstalt der deutschen Bühnen.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Bayerisches Verwaltungsgericht München - Germany.

Equal treatment in employment and occupation - Directive 2000/78/EC - Survivors’ benefits under a compulsory occupational pensions scheme - Concept of ‘pay’ - Refusal because the persons concerned were not married - Same-sex partners - Discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Case C-267/06.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
24/05/2008 Maruko
View pdf documents
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2008:179
01/04/2008 Maruko
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2008:179
01/04/2008 Maruko
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2007:486
06/09/2007 Maruko
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
16/09/2006 Maruko
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2008 I-01757

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Verwaltungsgericht München (Germany) – Interpretation of Articles 1, 2(2)(a), 3((1)(c) and (3) of Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (OJ 2000 L 303, p. 16) – Meaning of pay – Registered partner excluded from receipt of a survivor's pension

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-15 Social policy
    B-15.00 General
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-15 Social policy
    B-15.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 141 : paragraphs 41, 42, 44, 46, 56, 60
  • Directive 2000/78 : paragraphs 34, 41, 61, 74
  • Directive 2000/78 -A01 : paragraphs 1, 4, 33, 62, 65, 66, 72, 73
  • Directive 2000/78 -A02 : paragraphs 5, 62, 66, 73
  • Directive 2000/78 -A02P2LA : paragraphs 1, 33, 66, 72
  • Directive 2000/78 -A02P2LBLI : paragraphs 1, 66
  • Directive 2000/78 -A03 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 2000/78 -A03P1LC : paragraphs 1, 33, 40
  • Directive 2000/78 -A03P3 : paragraphs 1, 33, 40
  • Directive 2000/78 -A18L1 : paragraph 7
  • Directive 2000/78 -C13 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2000/78 -C22 : paragraphs 3, 33, 58, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -262/88 : paragraphs 74, 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -109/91 : paragraphs 44, 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -200/91 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/93 : paragraphs 44, 46 - 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/95 : paragraphs 45, 46 - 48, 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -50/99 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -366/99 : paragraphs 46 - 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -379/99 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -351/00 : paragraphs 46 - 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -4/02 : paragraphs 46 - 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/04 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -372/04 : paragraph 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -444/05 : paragraph 59

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2000/78 -A01
  • Interprets : Directive 2000/78 -A02

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 20/06/2006

Date of the Opinion

  • 06/09/2007

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

01/04/2008


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 224 from 16.09.2006, p.20

Judgment: OJ C 128 from 24.05.2008, p.6

Name of the parties

Maruko

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Pärli, Kurt: Anspruch auf Hinterbliebenenrente für Partner aus gleichgeschlechtlicher Partnerschaft, European Law Reporter 2007 p.455-458
  2. Lundblad, Pernilla: Homosexuella har rätt till efterlevandepension, Lag & Avtal 2008 nº 4 p.18
  3. Bruns, Manfred: Der EuGH beendet die deutsche Sonderrechtsprechung zur Benachteiligung verpartnerter Beschäftigter, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2008 p.257
  4. Lhernould, Jean-Philippe: Les droits sociaux des couples homosexuels, Droit social 2008 p.712-716
  5. Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Donnat, Francis ; Lambert, Christian: Chronique de jurisprudence communautaire. Travail - Discrimination fondée sur l'orientation sexuelle, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2008 p.872-873
  6. Lembke, Mark: Sind an die Ehe geknüpfte Leistungen des Arbeitgebers auch an Lebenspartner zu gewähren?, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2008 p.1631-1634
  7. Driguez, Laetitia: Discrimination en raison de l'orientation sexuelle, Europe 2008 Mai Comm. nº 150 p.13
  8. Bruns, Manfred: Die Maruko-Entscheidung im Spannungsfeld zwischen europäischer und nationaler Auslegung, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2008 p.1929-1931
  9. Potz, Andrea: Gleichstellung homosexueller Paare bei der Hinterbliebenenversorgung?, Österreichisches Recht der Wirtschaft 2008 p.405-408
  10. Petroglou, P.: Epitheorisis Dikaiou Koinonikis Asfaliseos 2008 p.220-226
  11. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2008 nº 350
  12. Weisse-Marchal, Claudie: Le droit à une pension de veuf du partenaire de vie du même sexe, Recueil Le Dalloz 2008 p.1873-1876
  13. Cheirdaris, V.: To DEK anagnorizei dikaioma syntaxis chireias se syntrofo idiou fylou katachorismenis symviosis, Nomiko Vima 2008 p.781-782
  14. Mallios, E.: Efimerida Dioikitikou Dikaiou 2008 p.252-253
  15. Brinktrine, Ralf: Juristenzeitung 2008 p.790-792
  16. Bieback, Karl-Jürgen: Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht 2008 p.296-300
  17. Stuefer, Alexia: Was ist faul im Staate Österreich?, Juridikum : Zeitschrift im Rechtsstaat 2008 p.57
  18. Devers, Alain ; Viangalli, François: Droit à pension de veuf pour un partenaire homosexuel, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2008 II 10143 p.43-45
  19. Schlachter, Monika: Anmerkung zu EuGH, Urteil vom 1.4.2008, Rs. C-267/06 - Tadao Maruko, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2008 p.251-254
  20. Bodnar, Adam: Zakaz dyskryminacji osób homoseksualnych pozostających w związkach partnerskich - glosa do wyroku ETS z 1.04.2008 r. w sprawie C-267/06 Tadao Maruko przeciwko Versorgungsanstalt der deutschen Bühnen, Europejski Przegląd Sądowy 2008 Vol. 10 p.43-48
  21. Cavallini, Joël: Couple de même sexe et accès aux pensions de veuvage ou de survie, La semaine juridique - Social 2008 nº 1416 p.39-41
  22. Toggenburg, Gabriel N.: "LGBT" go Luxembourg: on the stance of Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender Rights before the European Court of Justice, European Law Reporter 2008 p.174-185
  23. Stüber, Stephan: Was folgt aus "Maruko"?, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 2008 p.750-752
  24. Chachalis, C.: Elliniki Epitheorisi Evropaïkou Dikaiou 2008 p.366-368
  25. Rofes i Pujol, Maria Isabel: Crónica de la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas, Cuadernos Europeos de Deusto 2008 nº 39 p.217-230
  26. Bruns, Manfred: Lebenspartner und die betriebliche Altersversorgung, Neue Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2009 p.596-598
  27. Ronchetti, Laura: I due volti dell'Europa: il principio di non discriminazione tra libertà e uguaglianza. A proposito delle sentenze Maruko e Rüffert della Corte di giustizia, Giurisprudenza italiana 2009 p.564-570
  28. Vizioli, Mariangela: La Corte di giustizia si pronuncia sulla pensione di reversibilità nelle unioni di fatto tra partner dello stesso sesso, Giurisprudenza italiana 2009 p.1904-1906
  29. Franzen, Martin: Gleichbehandlung eingetragener Lebenspartner mit Ehepaaren bei der Hinterbliebenenversorgung, Europäische Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2009 p.395-404
  30. Anthimos, A.: Armenopoulos 2010 p.452-453
  31. Picarella, Giulia: Le discriminazioni fondate sull'orientamento sessuale nella giurisprudenza della Corte di giustizia: dal caso P. alla sentenza Romer, Rivista italiana di diritto del lavoro 2011 II p.1325-1359
  32. Pisano, Angela: Divieto di discriminazione sula base dell'orientamento sessuale: il caso Maruko, Il principio di non discriminazione nel diritto dell'Unione europea (Editoriale Scientifica) 2011 p.199-213



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Bayerisches Verwaltungsgericht München - Germany

Subject-matter

  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties
  • Social policy

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Klučka

Advocate General

Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Spanish