Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 18 December 2014

Mohamed M’Bodj v État belge

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Cour constitutionnelle (Belgium)

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Article 19(2) — Directive 2004/83/EC –– Minimum standards for determining who qualifies for refugee status or subsidiary protection status — Person eligible for subsidiary protection — Article 15(b) — Torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of an applicant in the country of origin — Article 3 — More favourable standards — Applicant suffering from a serious illness — No appropriate treatment available in the country of origin — Article 28 — Social protection — Article 29 — Health care

Case C‑542/13


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
06/02/2015 M'Bodj
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2452
18/12/2014 M'Bodj
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2452
18/12/2014 M'Bodj
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2113
17/07/2014 M'Bodj
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
29/11/2013 M'Bodj
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Request for a preliminary ruling – Cour constitutionnelle (Belgium) – Interpretation of Articles 2(e) and (f), 15, 18, 28 and 29 of Council Directive 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted (OJ L 304, p. 12) – Third country national authorised by a Member State to reside in its territory for medical reasons – Person able to benefit from subsidiary protection – Disabled person – Grant of social welfare – Alignment with the system applicable to social protection and health care on behalf of a person benefiting from subsidiary protection status – Member State obligation to take account of the specific situation of a disabled person – Right to payment of benefits to disabled persons

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 19 -P2 : paragraph 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LA : paragraphs 5, 46
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LC : paragraphs 5, 27
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LE : paragraphs 1, 5, 24, 25, 30, 47
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LF : paragraphs 1, 5, 24
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LG : paragraph 5
  • Directive 2004/83 -A03 : paragraphs 6, 25, 42, 43, 45, 47
  • Directive 2004/83 -A06 : paragraphs 7, 35
  • Directive 2004/83 -A15 : paragraphs 1, 8, 24, 25, 30, 47
  • Directive 2004/83 -A15LA : paragraph 31
  • Directive 2004/83 -A15LB : paragraphs 32, 34, 38, 41
  • Directive 2004/83 -A15LC : paragraph 31
  • Directive 2004/83 -A18 : paragraphs 1, 9, 24, 25, 29, 47
  • Directive 2004/83 -A20P3 : paragraphs 1, 10, 24
  • Directive 2004/83 -A28 : paragraphs 1, 11, 24 - 26, 28, 45, 47
  • Directive 2004/83 -A28P2 : paragraph 24
  • Directive 2004/83 -A29 : paragraphs 1, 11, 24 - 26, 28, 45, 47
  • Directive 2004/83 -A29P2 : paragraph 24
  • Directive 2004/83 -C5 : paragraphs 4, 37
  • Directive 2004/83 -C6 : paragraphs 4, 37
  • Directive 2004/83 -C9 : paragraphs 4, 37
  • Directive 2004/83 -C10 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 2004/83 -C24 : paragraphs 4, 37
  • Directive 2004/83 -C26 : paragraphs 4, 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/07 : paragraphs 30, 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -57/09 : paragraphs 42, 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/11 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -11/12 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -285/12 : paragraphs 30, 37

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A02LE
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A03
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A15
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A18
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A28
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A29

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 4 : points 18, 61
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 19 -P2 : points 19, 61
  • Directive 2004/83 : points 9, 43, 62, 69
  • Directive 2004/83 -A01 : point 9
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LA : point 60
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LC : point 9
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LE : points 1, 9, 11, 38, 40, 53, 66, 67, 72
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LF : point 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LG : point 61
  • Directive 2004/83 -A03 : points 16, 68
  • Directive 2004/83 -A06 : points 13, 57, 59
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P2 : point 63
  • Directive 2004/83 -A15 : points 14, 38, 41, 47, 53 - 57
  • Directive 2004/83 -A15LB : points 42, 64, 65
  • Directive 2004/83 -A18 : points 12, 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A20P3 : point 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A28 : points 15, 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A28P2 : point 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A29 : points 15, 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -A29P2 : point 38
  • Directive 2004/83 -C8 : point 16
  • Directive 2004/83 -C9 : points 17, 63
  • Directive 2011/95 : point 15
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/07 : points 43, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -57/09 : points 61, 69
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -277/11 : point 9
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/11 : point 15
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -285/12 : points 51, 65


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 17/10/2013

Date of the Opinion

  • 17/07/2014

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

18/12/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 65 from 23.02.2015, p.12

Application: OJ C 367 from 14.12.2013, p.26

Name of the parties

M'Bodj

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Bodart, Serge: Arrêts "M'Bodj" et "Abdida": vers une précarisation de l'autorisation de séjour pour motif médical, Journal de droit européen 2015 nº 218 p.156-157 (FR)
  2. Brijs, Bob: 9ter Vw. in therapie bij het Hf van Justitie: gevolgen voor de Belgische rechtspraktijk, Tijdschrift voor vreemdelingenrecht 2015 p.246-257 (NL)
  3. Gazin, Fabienne: Bénéficiaires, Europe 2015 Février Comm. nº 2 p.22-23 (FR)
  4. Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Cassagnabère, Hervé ; Gänser, Christian: Étrangers - État de santé du ressortissant d'un État tiers, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2015 p.335-336 (FR)
  5. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2016 nº 1 p.105-113 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Cour constitutionnelle - Belgium

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - asylum policy

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French