Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 8 September 2016

GS Media BV v Sanoma Media Netherlands BV and Others

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Hoge Raad der Nederlanden

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Copyright and related rights — Directive 2001/29/EC — Information society — Harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights — Article 3(1) — Communication to the public — Definition — Internet — Hyperlinks giving access to protected works, made accessible on another website without the rightholder’s consent — Works not yet published by the rightholder — Posting of such links for a profit

Case C-160/15


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2016:644
08/09/2016 GS Media
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2016:644
08/09/2016 GS Media
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2016:221
07/04/2016 GS Media
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
05/06/2015 GS Media
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 : paragraphs 31, 45
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 -P2 : paragraph 31
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03P1 : paragraphs 1, 24 - 55
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3 : paragraphs 5, 53
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P5 : paragraph 5
  • Directive 2001/29 -A08P2 : paragraph 33
  • Directive 2001/29 -C3 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2001/29 -C4 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2001/29 -C9 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2001/29 -C10 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2001/29 -C23 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2001/29 -C31 : paragraph 3
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N33 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 -N34 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N184 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N185 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N186 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N204 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N75 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N79 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N82 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N84 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N88 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N29 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N30 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N31 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N33 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/10 -N36 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -607/11 -N20 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 : paragraphs 20, 21, 23, 40, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N16 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N18 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N19 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N20 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N21 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N22 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N23 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N24 : paragraphs 37, 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N25 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N26 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N27 : paragraphs 42, 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N28 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -466/12 -N31 : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 : paragraphs 21, 40, 43
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 -N14 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 -N15 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 -N16 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Order C -348/13 -N18 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -325/14 -N15 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N30 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N33 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N35 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -117/15 -N37 : paragraph 32

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A03P1

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/04/2015

Date of the Opinion

  • 07/04/2016

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

08/09/2016


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 402 from 31.10.2016, p.7

Application: OJ C 205 from 22.06.2015, p.18

Name of the parties

GS Media

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Costes, Lionel: Liens hypertextes renvoyant à des contenus protégés par le droit d'auteur et acte de "comunication au public", Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2016 Juin nº 127 p.13-14 (FR)
  2. Seignette, J.M.B.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2016 p.321-323 (NL)
  3. Schmidt-Wudy, Florian: Haftung für Hyperlinks auf ohne Er­laubnis des Rechteinhabers veröffentlichte Inhalte, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2016 p.789-790 (DE)
  4. Wimmers, Jörg ; Barudi, Malek ; Rendle, Adam: The CJEU’s Communication to the Public: Better Check Before Placing a Hyperlink?, Computer Law Review International 2016 p.129-133 (EN)
  5. Jani, Ole ; Leenen, Frederik: Paradigmenwechsel bei Links und Framings, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2016 p.3135-3138 (DE)
  6. Visser, D.J.G.: Hyperlinken naar illegale bron, Ars aequi 2016 p.880-881 (NL)
  7. Visser, Dirk: Bom onder het internet?, Nederlands juristenblad 2016 p.3186-3187 (NL)
  8. Van Eechoud, Mireille ; Poort, Joost: Bom onder het internet - naschrift, Nederlands juristenblad 2016 p.3188 (NL)
  9. Senftleben, M.R.F.: Copyright Reform, GS Media and Innovation Climate in the EU – Euphonious Chord or Dissonant Cacophony?, AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2016 p.130-133 (EN)
  10. Senftleben, M.R.F.: AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2016 p.138-139 (NL)
  11. Van Eechoud, Mireille ; Poort, Joost: Hof van Justitie legt bom onder het internet, Nederlands juristenblad 2016 p.2763-2764 (NL)
  12. Skubic, Zoran: Objava hiperpovezav na nezakonito objavljena avtorsko varovana dela, Pravna praksa 2016 nº 44 p.33-34 (SL)
  13. Mazilu-Babel, Mihaela: CJUE. C-160/15 GS Media. Drepturi de autor. Noțiunea de "comunicare publică". Internet. Drepturi fundamentale aflate în concurență. Echilibrul just, Pandectele Romane: repertoriu trimestrial de jurisprudenta, doctrina si legislatie 2016 Vol. 11 p.63-75 (RO)
  14. Gazin, Fabienne: Les liens hypertexte renvoyant vers des sites permettant le téléchargement d'oeuvres protégées constituent-il des actes de communication au public ? Position mesurée du juge..., Europe 2016 Novembre Comm. nº 11 p.38 (FR)
  15. Marino, Laure: Liens hypertexte et droit d'auteur : à la rencontre de la troisième voie, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2016 nº 46 p.2090-2092 (FR)
  16. Leistner, Matthias: Anmerkung zu EuGH, Urteil vom 8. September 2016 – C-160/15, Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht 2016 p.980-983 (DE)
  17. Busseuil, Guillaume: Propriété intellectuelle, fourniture d’hyperliens et communication au public, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2016 nº 132 p.8-11 (FR)
  18. Zemann, Adolf: Hyperlinks zu zustimmungslos online gestellten Werken, Ecolex 2016 p.1088 (DE)
  19. Rauer, Nils ; Ettig, Diana: Der EuGH zur Öffentlichen Wiedergabe, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2016 p.1319-1322 (DE)
  20. Etteldorf, Christina: EuGH: Das Setzen von Links kann legal sein, Multimedia und Recht 2016 p.XII (DE)
  21. Ohly, Ansgar: Keine „öffentliche Wiedergabe“ durch Hyperlinksetzen ohne Gewinnerzielungsabsicht, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2016 p.1155-1157 (DE)
  22. Giorgi, Florence: Circulation des œuvres protégées sur Internet: la Cour de justice en quête d’un impossible équilibre?, Revue des affaires européennes 2016 p.539-546 (FR)
  23. Linklater, Emma: Oh Boy, Playboy: Profit-making Motive and Knowledge of the Illegality of Unauthorised Content Make Hyperlinking a Communication to the Public, European Law Reporter 2016 p.208-212 (EN)
  24. Smith, Joel ; Newton, Heather: Hyperlinking to Material on the Internet: The CJEU Expands on the Circumstances when it may Amount to Copyright Infringement, European Intellectual Property Review 2016 p.768-771 (EN)
  25. Volkmann, Caroline: Verlinkung & Haftung: Bedeutet die EuGH-Trilogie das Aus für die Informationsfreiheit und den Meinungsaustausch im Internet?, Computer und Recht 2017 p.36-43 (DE)
  26. Hildebrand, Angela: Die Bedeutung der EuGH-Urteile »ACI Adam« und »GS Media« für die deutsche Privatkopieschranke, Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht 2017 p.16-23 (DE)
  27. Michaux, Benoït: Arrêt « GS Media »: un hyperlien vers une oeuvre publiée sans autorisation peut constituer une infraction au droit d’auteur, Journal de droit européen 2017 nº 236 p.53-54 (FR)
  28. Haak, M.F.J. ; Truijens, M.M.: GS Media/Sanoma: oppassen met bedrijfsmatig linken, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2017 p.24-28 (NL)
  29. Hanuz, Bianca: Linking to unauthorized content after the CJEU GS Media decision, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht INT 2017 p.97-98 (EN)
  30. Handig, Christian: Link zur unerlaubten Veröffentlichung, Österreichische Blätter für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2017 p.59-60 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Hoge Raad der Nederlanden - Netherlands

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Wathelet

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French