Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 23 December 2015

Scotch Whisky Association and Others v The Lord Advocate and The Advocate General for Scotland

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Court of Session (Scotland)

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Common organisation of the markets in agricultural products — Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 — Free movement of goods — Article 34 TFEU ‐ Quantitative restrictions — Measures having equivalent effect — Minimum price of alcoholic drinks calculated according to the alcoholic strength of the product — Justification — Article 36 TFEU ‐ Protection of human life and health — Assessment by the national court

Case C-333/14


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
05/02/2016 The Scotch Whisky Association
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2015:845
23/12/2015 The Scotch Whisky Association
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2015:845
23/12/2015 The Scotch Whisky Association
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2015:527
03/09/2015 The Scotch Whisky Association
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
12/09/2014 The Scotch Whisky Association
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.03 Agriculture and fisheries
    4.03.03 Common organisation of the markets
      4.03.03.06 Wine
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.02 Free movement of goods
    4.02.02 Prohibition of quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect
      4.02.02.02 Measures having equivalent effect
        4.02.02.02.05 Rules concerning the production, denomination and marketing of products
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.02 Free movement of goods
    4.02.02 Prohibition of quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect
      4.02.02.03 Derogations
        4.02.02.03.02 Protection of public health and protection of plants
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.01 Sources of EU law
    1.01.02 General principles of law
      1.01.02.06 Principle of proportionality
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.02 Free movement of goods
    4.02.02 Prohibition of quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect
      4.02.02.03 Derogations
        4.02.02.03.02 Protection of public health and protection of plants


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 34 : paragraphs 1, 12, 30 - 50
  • TFEU, Article 36 : paragraphs 1, 12, 30 - 65
  • TFEU, Article 39 : paragraph 14
  • TFEU, Article 40 -P2 : paragraph 14
  • Regulation 1308/2013 : paragraphs 1, 12, 17 - 29
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -A167 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -A167P1LB : paragraph 18
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -C15 : paragraphs 3, 23
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -C172 : paragraphs 3, 23
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -C174 : paragraphs 3, 23
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -C3 : paragraph 15
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -C43 : paragraphs 3, 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -8/74 -N5 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/95 -N75 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/95 -N76 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/97 -N45 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -216/98 -N31 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -137/00 -N59 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/01 -N31 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -42/02 -N25 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/03 -N37 : paragraph 19
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -170/04 -N39 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -170/04 -N43 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -170/04 -N50 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -110/05 -N37 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -110/05 -N66 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -227/06 -N63 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -197/08 -N37 : paragraph 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -197/08 -N52 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -221/08 -N40 : paragraph 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -161/09 -N42 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -456/10 -N35 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -456/10 -N45 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -456/10 -N50 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -373/11 -N37 : paragraph 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -481/12 -N16 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -423/13 -N48 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N127 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N143 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N150 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N31 : paragraph 20
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N37 : paragraph 20
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N59 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N60 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -333/14 -N85 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/14 -N64 : paragraphs 28, 37

Operative part

  • Interprets : TFEU, Article 34
  • Interprets : TFEU, Article 36
  • Interprets : Regulation 1308/2013

Opinion

  • TFEU, Article 2 -P2 : point 27
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P2LD : point 27
  • TFEU, Article 34 : points 2, 4, 47, 49, 51, 54, 56, 58, 60, 64, 69, 153
  • TFEU, Article 36 : points 2, 5, 18, 47, 71, 79, 86, 102, 148, 153
  • TFEU, Article 39 : points 9, 37
  • TFEU, Article 39 -P1 : point 41
  • TFEU, Article 39 -P1LC : point 8
  • TFEU, Article 39 -P1LE : point 8
  • TFEU, Article 40 : point 9
  • TFEU, Article 43 -P3 : point 10
  • TFEU, Article 110 : point 143
  • TFEU, Article 168 -P5 : point 43
  • TFEU, Article 267 : point 81
  • TEU, Article 4 -P3 : point 35
  • Regulation 922/72 : points 2, 153
  • Regulation 234/79 : points 2, 153
  • Directive 92/83 : point 143
  • Directive 92/84 : point 143
  • Directive 95/59 : points 138, 147
  • Regulation 1037/2001 : points 2, 153
  • Regulation 1234/2007 : points 2, 153
  • Regulation 479/2008 -A67P1LB : point 33
  • Regulation 479/2008 -C44 : point 33
  • Regulation 1308/2013 : points 2, 11, 18, 25, 26, 32, 33, 35, 36, 39, 41, 44, 46, 153
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -A167P1 : points 12, 33
  • Regulation 1308/2013 -A167P1LB : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -8/74 -N5 : point 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/77 : points 38, 56, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/77 -N35 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/77 -N37 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -16/83 -N13 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -16/83 -N14 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -94/83 -N18 : point 103
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -231/83 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -231/83 -N25 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -34/84 -N7 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -34/84 -N8 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/84 -N25 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -54/85 -N16 : point 103
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -80/85 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/86 -N11 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -216/86 -N6 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -110/89 -N21 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -287/89 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -61/90 -N22 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -267/91 : points 56, 61-63, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -267/91 -N16 : points 52, 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -267/91 -N18 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -63/94 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/97 -N45 : point 101
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/97 -N49 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -216/98 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/01 -N29 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/01 -N36 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/01 -N40 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -118/02 -N20 : point 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/03 -N37 : point 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/03 -N38 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/03 -N42 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -504/04 -N40 : point 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -110/05 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/06 -N23 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -227/06 -N63 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -308/06 -N33 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -308/06 -N34 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -531/07 : points 62, 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -570/07 -N44 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -197/08 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -197/08 -N52 : point 145
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -198/08 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -221/08 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -341/08 -N42 : point 119
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -571/08 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Order C -207/08 -N24 : point 35
  • Court of Justice - Order C -207/08 -N25 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/09 -N42 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Order C -39/09 -N47 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -456/10 -N33 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -84/11 -N28 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -373/11 -N26 : point 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -373/11 -N37 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/11 -N44 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -159/12 -N59 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -203/12 -N37 : point 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -367/12 -N26 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -416/13 : point 119
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -540/13 -N35 : point 98
  • Court of Justice - Order C -426/13 -N75 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -62/14 -N29 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/14 -N64 : points 72, 122
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/14 -N65 : point 123


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/07/2014

Date of the Opinion

  • 03/09/2015

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

23/12/2015


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 68 from 22.02.2016, p.11

Application: OJ C 339 from 29.09.2014, p.4

Name of the parties

The Scotch Whisky Association

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Frediani, Zeno: Minimum alcohol pricing, Competition Law Insight 2015 Vol. 14 Issue 9 p.18-20 (EN)
  2. Picod, Fabrice: Cour de justice, 2e ch., 23 décembre 2015, Scotch Whisky Association et a., aff. C-333/14, ECLI:EU:C:2015:845, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2015 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2015 p.299-302 (FR)
  3. Anderson, Michael ; Howard, Kate: Scotch Whisky Association: justifying barriers to trade, Tax Journal 2016 nº 1298 p.21-22 (EN)
  4. Bartlett, Oliver: Minimum Unit Pricing for Alcohol May Not be a Proportionate Public Health Intervention, European Journal of Risk Regulation 2016 Nº 1 p. 218 - 222 (EN)
  5. Bogaerts, Dagmara: Scotch Whisky Association. Scottish legislation introducing a minimum price per unit of alcohol is contrary to EU law if less restrictive tax measures can be introduced., Highlights & Insights on European Taxation 2016 nº 3 p.169-171 (EN)
  6. Rigaux, Anne: Mesures d'effet équivalent, Europe 2016 Février Comm. nº 2 p.22-25 (FR)
  7. Takis, Athanasios: Armenopoulos 2016 p.355-356 (EL)
  8. Bogdanova, Anna ; Andrijevska, Elīna: PRIORITĀTE - BRĪVAIS TIRGUS VAI PATĒRĒTĀJU VESELĪBA, Jurista vārds 2016 nº 26 p.30 (LV)
  9. Alemanno, Alberto: Balancing free movement and public health: The case of minimum unit pricing of alcohol in Scotch Whisky, Common Market Law Review 2016 p.1037-1063 (EN)
  10. Picod, Fabrice: Une augmentation de la taxe est préférable à une mesure de fixation de prix minimum, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2016 nº 1-2 p.51 (FR)
  11. Petit, Yves: Fixation d'un prix minimal de vente des vins et bon fonctionnement de l' "OCM unique", Revue de droit rural 2016 nº 445 Août-Septembre p.70-72 (FR)
  12. Hoffmann, Jan Martin: Vereinbarkeit von Mindestpreisen für alkoholische Getränke mit der Warenverkehrsfreiheit, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2016 p.625-626 (DE)
  13. Purnhagen, Kai: Mindestpreis für alkoholische Getränke, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2016 p.234-235 (DE)
  14. Szalatkay, Judit: Minimumárakkal a közegészségért – a skót alkoholtörvény az Európai Bíróság előtt Az Európai Bíróság előzetes döntése a C-333/14. számú ügyben, Versenytükör 2016 1. szám p.96-101 (HU)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Court of Session (Scotland) - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • Agriculture and Fisheries
  • Free movement of goods
  • - Quantitative restrictions

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Lycourgos

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French