Judgment of the General Court (Fourth Chamber), 6 September 2013

Deutsche Bahn AG and Others v European Commission

Competition — Administrative proceedings — Decision ordering an inspection — Powers of inspection of the Commission — Rights of defence — Proportionality — Obligation to state reasons

Joined Cases T‑289/11, T‑290/11 and T‑521/11



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
04/10/2013 Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:T:2013:404
06/09/2013 Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2013:404
06/09/2013 Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission
Order
ECLI:EU:T:2012:20
19/01/2012 Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order (Summary)
ECLI:EU:T:2012:20
19/01/2012 Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission
Application (OJ)
29/07/2011 Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Annulment of Commission Decision C(2011)1774 of 14 March 2011 ordering Deutsche Bahn AG and all undertakings controlled by it, including DB Mobility Logistics AG, DB Energie GmbH, DB Schenker Rail GmbH, and DB Schenker Rail Deutschland AG, to submit to an inspection under Article 20(4) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003, taken in the context of a procedure for applying Article 102 TFEU and Article 54 of the EEA Agreement concerning the rail traffic sector and ancillary services (Cases COMP/39.678 and COMP/39.731).

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.08 Procedural rules
    3.08.04 Subject-matter, form of order sought and pleas in law
      3.08.04.00 General
3 Legal proceedings
  3.08 Procedural rules
    3.08.04 Subject-matter, form of order sought and pleas in law
      3.08.04.00 General
3 Legal proceedings
  3.06 Plea of illegality
    3.06.01 Measures in respect of which a plea of illegality may be raised
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.01 Sources of EU law
    1.01.02 General principles of law
      1.01.02.05 Rights of the defence and procedural guarantees
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.02 Procedure for the application of the competition rules by the Commission
        4.08.03.02.05 Investigations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.08 Competition
    4.08.03 Implementation of the competition rules
      4.08.03.01 Division of powers between the Commission and the authorities of the Member States
3 Legal proceedings
  3.02 Actions for annulment
    3.02.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007) : paragraph 55
  • TFEU - Protocol No 3 -A21 : paragraph 226
  • TFEU, Article 101 : paragraph 200
  • TFEU, Article 101 -P1 : paragraph 200
  • TFEU, Article 102 : paragraphs 200, 209, 211, 212, 214, 221
  • TFEU, Article 263 : paragraphs 111, 112, 226, 227
  • TFEU, Article 277 : paragraph 56
  • TFEU, Article 278 : paragraph 98
  • TFEU, Article 340 -L2 : paragraph 99
  • Regulation 17/62 -A11 : paragraph 82
  • General Court - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A44P1LC : paragraph 226
  • General Court - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A48P2 : paragraphs 196, 197
  • General Court - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A95 : paragraph 94
  • General Court - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A105 : paragraph 94
  • General Court - Rules of Procedure (1991) -A105P2 : paragraph 98
  • Regulation 1/2003 : paragraphs 55, 64, 65, 73, 78, 82, 202
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A18 : paragraphs 206, 208, 211, 213, 214, 216 - 218, 221
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A20P4 : paragraphs 57, 58, 64, 65, 73, 75, 77, 82, 100, 102, 111, 168, 223
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A20P5 : paragraph 57
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A20P6 : paragraphs 57, 85, 87, 88, 91, 136
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A20P7 : paragraph 57
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A20P8 : paragraphs 57, 96
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A23 : paragraphs 75, 90, 168
  • Regulation 1/2003 -A24 : paragraphs 75, 168
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -136/79 : paragraphs 171, 193
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -155/79 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -46/87 : paragraphs 86, 92, 93, 128, 169, 170, 207
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -85/87 : paragraphs 124, 125, 170
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -97/87 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -374/87 : paragraph 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -331/88 : paragraph 192
  • General Court - Judgment T -6/92 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/93 : paragraph 94
  • Court of Justice - Order C -199/94 : paragraph 227
  • General Court - Judgment T -229/94 : paragraph 221
  • General Court - Judgment T -305/94 : paragraphs 126, 127
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/97 : paragraph 221
  • General Court - Judgment T -59/99 : paragraphs 128, 207
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -94/00 : paragraphs 80, 92, 93, 112, 113, 169 - 172, 193, 194
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -180/00 : paragraph 192
  • General Court - Judgment T -176/01 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Order C -224/03 : paragraph 227
  • General Court - Judgment T -266/03 : paragraph 75
  • General Court - Judgment T -271/03 : paragraphs 200, 201
  • Court of Justice - Order C -121/04 : paragraph 78
  • General Court - Judgment T -339/04 : paragraphs 49, 75 - 78, 200, 202
  • General Court - Judgment T -145/06 : paragraph 227
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -550/07 : paragraphs 81, 194

Operative part

Information not available

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/06/2011

Date of the Opinion

Information not available

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

06/09/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 238 from 13.08.2011, p.22 ; OJ C 355 from 03.12.2011, p.23

Judgment: OJ C 304 from 19.10.2013, p.15

Name of the parties

Deutsche Bahn and Others v Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Bischke, Alf-Henrik: Deutsche Bahn / Kommission – Die Nachprüfungsbefugnisse der Europäischen Kommission nach Art. 20 VO 1/2003 auf dem Prüfstand der Gerichte in Luxemburg, Neue Zeitschrift für Kartellrecht 2013 p.397-404 (DE)
  2. Idot, Laurence: Confirmation des pouvoirs de la Commission en matière d'inspections. Le système des inspections par décision de l'article 20, paragraphe 4 du règlement (CE) n° 1/2003 est compatible avec l'article 6 CEDH et l'article 47 de la Charte, aucun de ces textes tel qu'interprété par la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme n'imposant le principe d'un mandat judiciaire préalable pour des inspections aux sièges des entreprises telles qu'organisées par le droit de l'Union , Europe 2013 Novembre Comm. nº 11 p.39-40 (FR)
  3. Meinhold-Heerlein, Dirk ; Engelhoven, Philipp: Zur Wartezeit bis zum Eintreffen der Anwälte des betroffenen Unternehmens vor einer Durchsuchung wegen Kartellverdachts („Deutsche Bahn u. a./Kommission“), Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2014 p.129-130 (DE)
  4. Ter Haar, A.M.: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2014 p.41-44 (NL)
  5. Di Federico, Giacomo: Deutsche Bahn: What the Commission Can and Cannot do in Dawn Raids, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 2014 Vol. 5 nº 1 p.29-31 (EN)
  6. Hobbelen, Hein: Deutsche Bahn, Markt & Mededinging 2014 p.100-103 (NL)
  7. Röhrig, Markus: Zum Stand des Grundrechtsschutzes bei kartellrechtlichen Ermittlungen der Kommission , Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb 2014 p.814-829 (DE)
  8. Kowalik-Bańczyk, Krystyna: Pochwała fishing expeditions - glosa do wyroku Sadu (UE) z 6.09.2013 r. w sprawach połączonych: T-289/11, T-290/11 i T-521/11 Deutsche Bahn i inni przeciwko Komisji Europejskiej, Europejski Przegląd Sądowy 2015 Vol. 7 p.41-46 (PL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Competition

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on substantive grounds

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Tribunal)

Judge-Rapporteur

van der Woude

Advocate General

Information not available

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available