Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 30 November 2009.

Said Shamilovich Kadzoev (Huchbarov).

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Administrativen sad Sofia-grad - Bulgaria.

Visas, asylum, immigration and other policies related to free movement of persons - Directive 2008/115/EC - Return of illegally staying third-country nationals - Article 15(4) to (6) - Period of detention - Taking into account the period during which the execution of a removal decision was suspended - Concept of ‘reasonable prospect of removal’.

Case C-357/09 PPU.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
30/01/2010 Kadzoev
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2009:741
30/11/2009 Kadzoev
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2009:741
30/11/2009 Kadzoev
View
ECLI:EU:C:2009:691
10/11/2009 Kadzoev
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
07/11/2009 Kadzoev
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2009 I-11189

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Administrativen sad Sofia-grad – Interpretation of Article 15(4), (5) and (6) of European Parliament and Council Directive 2008/115/EC of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals (OJ 2008 L 348, p. 98) – Exceeding of the maximum period of detention, laid down by Article 15 of that directive, in relation to a third-country national in an irregular situation – Exceeding of that maximum duration at the date of entry into force of the directive, but before the transposition of the latter into national law, which places no time-limits on detention – Application of the rules of the directive after their transposition into national law and absence of retroactive effect for pending cases – Calculation of maximum period of detention not taking account of time elapsing during proceedings challenging the national authorities’ removal decision – Whether exceeding of that duration permissible if based on lack of identification documents and means of subsistence and on the aggressive conduct of the person concerned – Meaning of ‘ reasonable prospect of removal’

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.07 Visas, asylum, immigration, etc.
      B-04.07.03 Immigration policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 63 -L1PT3LB : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2003/9 : paragraph 45
  • Directive 2003/9 -A07 : paragraph 43
  • Directive 2003/9 -A21 : paragraph 43
  • Regulation 343/2003 -A20P1LD : paragraphs 55, 56
  • Directive 2005/85 : paragraph 45
  • Directive 2005/85 -A18P1 : paragraph 44
  • Directive 2005/85 -A18P2 : paragraph 44
  • Directive 2008/115 : paragraphs 3, 37, 45, 70
  • Directive 2008/115 -A07P1 : paragraph 42
  • Directive 2008/115 -A07P3 : paragraph 42
  • Directive 2008/115 -A13P1 : paragraph 50
  • Directive 2008/115 -A13P2 : paragraph 50
  • Directive 2008/115 -A13P4 : paragraph 5
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15 : paragraphs 4, 48
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P1 : paragraph 64
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P4 : paragraphs 1, 58 - 63, 65, 67, 68, 71
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P5 : paragraphs 1, 34 - 36, 38 - 40, 47, 49, 51, 53, 54, 56, 57, 61, 64, 65, 67
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P6 : paragraphs 1, 34 - 36, 38 - 40, 47, 49, 51 - 54, 56, 57, 59 - 62, 65, 67, 68, 69, 71
  • Directive 2008/115 -A20 : paragraph 5
  • Directive 2008/115 -A22 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 2008/115 -C9 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -19/08 : paragraphs 55, 56

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2008/115 -A15
  • Interprets : Directive 2008/115 -A15P4
  • Interprets : Directive 2008/115 -A15P5
  • Interprets : Directive 2008/115 -A15P6

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 68 -P1 : point 1
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 234 : points 1, 24
  • Treaty of Nice 2001 - Protocol on the Statute of the Court of Justice -A23BIS : point 1
  • Directive 2003/9 : point 84
  • Directive 2003/9 -A07 : point 86
  • Regulation 343/2003 -A20P1LD : point 76
  • Directive 2005/85 : points 81, 84
  • Directive 2005/85 -A18P1 : point 85
  • Directive 2008/115 : points 32, 36, 48, 52, 64, 88
  • Directive 2008/115 -A01 : point 52
  • Directive 2008/115 -A02P1 : point 80
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15 : points 2, 5, 6, 53, 88
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P1 : points 40, 50
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P4 : points 1, 37, 39 - 41, 43, 93, 95, 100, 102
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P5 : points 1, 47, 49, 50, 53 - 55, 64, 65, 67, 68, 71, 72, 74, 75, 77 - 80, 89, 92, 98
  • Directive 2008/115 -A15P6 : points 1, 47, 49, 53 - 55, 64, 65, 67, 68, 71, 72, 74, 75, 77 - 80, 89, 92, 98, 100, 102
  • Directive 2008/115 -A20 : point 7
  • Directive 2008/115 -A22 : point 31
  • Directive 2008/115 -C9 : point 81
  • Directive 2008/115 -C16 : points 40, 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -270/84 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -80/86 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -260/89 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -121/91 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -129/96 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -309/96 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/98 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -107/98 : point 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -165/98 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -379/98 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/00 : points 58, 59, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -14/02 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -286/02 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -144/04 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -212/04 : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -393/04 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/05 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/05 : point 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/06 : point 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/07 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -261/07 : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/07 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -19/08 : points 76, 77


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/09/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 10/11/2009

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

30/11/2009


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 267 from 07.11.2009, p.46

Judgment: OJ C 24 from 30.01.2010, p.17

Name of the parties

Kadzoev

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Flamand, Christine: Revue du droit des étrangers 2009 p.718-719 (FR)
  2. Idot, Laurence: Première interprétation de la directive "retour", Europe 2010 Janvier Comm. nº 19 p.22 (FR)
  3. Pahladsingh, A.: Snel helderheid van het Hof over de bewaring: het arrest Kadzoev, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2010 p.83-89 (NL)
  4. Lutz, Fabian: L'arrêt "Kadzoev": un premier test pour la directive "Retour", Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2010 nº 2 p.331-345 (FR)
  5. Kauff-Gazin, Fabienne: Pas de rétention sans procédure d'éloignement et pas d'expulsion sans réadmission: comment le droit européen engendre des situations insolubles ... A propos de l'affaire Kadzoev rendue par la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes du 30 novembre 2009, C-357/09 PPU, L'Europe des libertés: revue d'actualité juridique 2010 nº 31 p.2-6 (FR)
  6. Cortés Martín, José Manuel: Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Uníon Europea, Septiembre - Diciembre 2010, Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo 2010 nº35 p.257-322 (ES)
  7. Cornelisse, Galina: Kadzoev en de scheiding tussen het asiel- en migrantenacquis, Asiel en Migrantenrecht 2010 p.137-142 (NL)
  8. Mincheva, Ellitsa: European Journal of Migration and Law 2010 Vol. 12 p.361-371 (EN)
  9. Brandl, Ulrike: Dauer der Haft in einem Asylverfahren, Fremden- und asylrechtliche Blätter - FABL 2010 n° 1 p.10-11 (DE)
  10. Morelli, Michele: Il trattenimento degli immigrati irregolari ai sensi della "direttiva rimpatri" nella giurisprudenza della Corte di giustizia, Rivista della cooperazione giuridica internazionale 2011 p.113-119 (IT)
  11. Cornelisse, G.: Case C-357/09 PPU, proceedings concerning Said Shamilovich Kadzoev (Huchbarov), Judgment of the European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 30 November 2009, Common Market Law Review 2011 Vol. 48 nº 3 p.925-945 (EN)
  12. Natale, Andrea: La direttiva rimpatri, il testo unico immigrazione ed il diritto penale dopo la sentenza El Dridi, Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza 2011 (IT)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Administrativen sad Sofia-grad (Tribunal administratif de Sofia) - Bulgaria

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Immigration policy

Procedure and result

  • Preliminary reference - urgent procedure

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Mazák

Language(s) of the Case

  • Bulgarian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French