Opinion of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 26 July 2017

Opinion pursuant to Article 218(11) TFEU

Opinion pursuant to Article 218(11) TFEU — Draft agreement between Canada and the European Union — Transfer of Passenger Name Record data from the European Union to Canada — Appropriate legal bases — Article 16(2), point (d) of the second subparagraph of Article 82(1) and Article 87(2)(a) TFEU — Compatibility with Articles 7 and 8 and Article 52(1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Case Opinion 1/15


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
01/09/2017 Accord PNR UE-Canada
View pdf documents
Opinions of the Court
ECLI:EU:C:2017:592
26/07/2017 Accord PNR UE-Canada
Ruling (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2017:592
26/07/2017 Accord PNR UE-Canada
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2016:656
08/09/2016 Accord PNR UE-Canada
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion (OJ)
10/04/2015 Accord PNR UE-Canada
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.03 Prior opinion of the Court
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.00 General
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.00 General
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.00 General
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.02 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
      1.04.02.02 Scope of the protection of rights and principles
        1.04.02.02.01 Limitation on the exercise of rights and freedoms (Article 52(1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.21 Non-discrimination
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
6 External policy
  6.07 International agreements
    6.07.02 Negotiation and conclusion


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Information not available

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 30/01/2015

Date of the Opinion

  • 08/09/2016

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

26/07/2017


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Opinion: OJ C 309 from 18.09.2017, p.3

Application: OJ C 138 from 27.04.2015, p.24

Name of the parties

Accord PNR UE-Canada

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Hijmans, Hielke: PNR Agreement EU-Canada Scrutinised: CJEU Gives Very Precise Guidance to Negotiators, European Data Protection Law Review 2017 Vol. 3 p.406 - 412402 - 405 (EN)
  2. Priebe, Reinhard: EuGH beanstandet Fluggastdatenabkommen zwischen der EU und Kanada, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2017 p.762-766 (DE)
  3. Simon, Denys: Droits fondamentaux, Europe 2017 Octobre Comm. nº 345 p.17-18 (FR)
  4. Docksey, Christopher: Opinion 1/15 Privacy and security, finding the balance, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 2017 p.768–773 (EN)
  5. Beauvais, Pascal ; Benlolo-Carabot, Myriam: Droit pénal de l'Union européenne, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2017 n°4 p.884-893 (FR)
  6. Pomahač, Richard: Soudní dvůr EU: Předávání údajů jmenné evidence cestujících v letecké dopravě z Unie do Kanady, Právní rozhledy : časopis pro všechna právní odvětví 2017 nº21 p.761-762 (CS)
  7. Forget, Catherine: L'avis de la C.J.U.E. sur l'accord PNR Union européenne-Canada : une occasion ratée de réaffirmer le principe de finalité?, Journal de droit européen 2018 nº 247 p.87-89 (FR)
  8. Simon, Denys: Applicabilité des accords entre l'Union européenne et le Royaume du Maroc au territoire du Sahara occidental: Acte II, Europe 2018 avril nº 4 p.6-10 (FR)
  9. Eynard, Jessica: D'une ingérence généralisée à une autre : deux poids, deux mesures ?, Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme 2018 p.761-783 (FR)
  10. Kuner, Christopher: International agreements, data protection, and EUfundamental rights on the international stage: Opinion 1/15, EU-Canada PNR, Common Market Law Review 2018 p.857–882 (EN)
  11. Vedaschi, Arianna: The European Court of Justice on the EU-Canada Passenger Name Record Agreement: ECJ, 26 July 2017, Opinion 1/15 The European Court of Justice on the EU-Canada Passenger Name Record Agreement: ECJ, 26 July 2017, Opinion 1/15, European Constitutional Law Review 2018 Vol. 14 p.410-429 (EN)
  12. Guild, Elspeth ; Mendos Kuşkonmaz, Elif: EU Exclusive Jurisdiction on Surveillance Related to Terrorism and Serious Transnational Crime : Case Review on Opinion 1/15, European Law Review 2018 Vol 43 n°4 p.583-597 (EN)
  13. Le Bonniec, Nina: L'avis 1/15 de la CJUE relatif à l'accord PNR entre le Canada et l'Union européenne : une délicate conciliation entre sécurité nationale et sécurité numérique, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2018 N°3 p.617-628 (FR)
  14. Zalnieriute, Monika: Developing a European Standard for International Data Transfers after Snowden: Opinion 1/15 on the EU-Canada PNR Agreement, The Modern Law Review 2018 Vol. 81 nº 6 p.1046-1063 (EN)
  15. Guild, Elspeth ; Mendos Kuşkonmaz, Elif: EU Exclusive jurisdiction on surveillance related to terrorism and serious transnational crime : case review on opinion 1/15, European Current Law 2019 Issue 1, p 1-13 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • Data protection

Procedure and result

  • Opinion procedure : non-conformity with the Treaty (opinions or rulings)

Formation of the Court

Grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

von Danwitz

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • French, German, English, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Spanish, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Maltese, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Slovak, Swedish, Czech

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French