Judgment of the Court of 4 May 1999.

Windsurfing Chiemsee Produktions- und Vertriebs GmbH (WSC) v Boots- und Segelzubehör Walter Huber and Franz Attenberger.

References for a preliminary ruling: Landgericht München I - Germany.

Directive 89/104/EEC - Trade marks - Geographical indications of origin.

Joined cases C-108/97 and C-109/97.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:1999:230
04/05/1999 Windsurfing Chiemsee
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:1999:230
04/05/1999 Windsurfing Chiemsee
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:1998:198
05/05/1998 Windsurfing Chiemsee
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

1999 I-02779

Subject-matter

Preliminary ruling ─ Landgericht München I ─ Interpretation of Art. 3(1)(c) and (3) of the First Council Directive 89/104/EEC of 21 December 1988 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks ─ Grounds for refusal or invalidity ─ ‘Marks which consist exclusively of signs or indications which may serve ... to designate ... geographical origin’ ─ ‘Chiemsee’ ─ Conditions for finding that a mark has acquired distinctive character (comparison with the concept of Verkehrsdurchsetzung in German law)

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws
    B-11.07 Harmonisation of trade mark law
      B-11.07.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws
    B-11.07 Harmonisation of trade mark law
      B-11.07.02 Relative grounds for refusal


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 89/104 -A03 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LB : paragraphs 45, 46
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LC : paragraphs 1, 17, 19, 24 - 37, 45
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LD : paragraph 45
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P3 : paragraphs 1, 17, 38, 44 - 54
  • Directive 89/104 -A06 : paragraph 5
  • Directive 89/104 -A06P1LB : paragraphs 17, 28
  • Directive 89/104 -A15P2 : paragraphs 6, 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -210/96 -N37 : paragraph 53

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 89/104 -A03P1LC
  • Interprets : Directive 89/104 -A03P3

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 30 : point 41
  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 36 : point 39
  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : points 3, 27, 57, 62
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LB : points 27 - 29, 67
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LC : points 1, 4, 22, 28 - 64, 67, 68
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LD : points 28, 29, 67
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P3 : points 1, 4, 22, 27, 29, 58, 66 - 77
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1LA : point 5
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1LB : point 5
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P5 : point 27
  • Directive 89/104 -A06 : point 62
  • Directive 89/104 -A06P1LB : points 1, 6, 22, 54, 60 - 64
  • Directive 89/104 -A10P2LA : point 27
  • Directive 89/104 -C1 : point 25
  • Directive 89/104 -C3 : point 25
  • Directive 89/104 -C7 : point 27
  • Regulation 2081/92 : points 38, 44
  • Regulation 2081/92 -A02P2 : point 44
  • Regulation 2081/92 -A02P2LB : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -349/95 -N24 : point 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/74 -N07 : point 40
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -12/74 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -16/83 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -3/91 : points 42, 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -3/91 -N11 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -3/91 -N31 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/93 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/93 -N25 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -352/95 -N11 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -352/95 -N18 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -321/94 -N37 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -9/93 -N18 : point 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/63 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/83 : point 77


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 14/03/1997

Date of the Opinion

  • 05/05/1998

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

04/05/1999


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 166 from 31.05.1997, p.4

Judgment: OJ C 204 from 17.07.1999, p.13

Name of the parties

Windsurfing Chiemsee

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Verkade, D.W.F.: Europese Hof neemt Freihaltebedürfnis ernstig in geografische Chiemsee-zaak, Bijblad bij de industriële eigendom 1999 p.195-196
  2. Joller, Gallus: Chiemsee - Herkunftsangabe oder Marke?, European Law Reporter 1999 p.196-197
  3. Simon, D.: Europe 1999 Juillet Comm. nº 251 p.17
  4. Gielen, Ch.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 1999 p.169-170
  5. Speyart, H.M.H.: Natte luiers en droge surfers, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 1999 p.187-196
  6. Mok, M.R.: Ondernemingsrecht 1999 p.309
  7. Jazottes, Gérard ; Luby, Monique ; Poillot-Peruzzetto, Sylvaine: Droit européen des affaires. Propriété intellectuelle. Marque, Revue trimestrielle de droit commercial et de droit économique 1999 p.1021-1023
  8. Hackbarth, Ralf: Freihaltebedürfnis und Verkehrsdurchsetzung in der Rechtsprechung des EuGH, Markenrecht 1999 p.329-333
  9. Vedaschi, Arianna: Anche l'indicazione di provenienza geografica può essere registrata come marchio se perde il suo significato meramente descrittivo, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 1999 p.1257-1262
  10. Fox, Angela: Does the Trade Mark Harmonisation Directive Recognise a Public Interest in Keeping Non-distinctive Signs Free for Use?, European Intellectual Property Review 2000 p.1-6
  11. Verkade, D.W.F.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2000 nº 269
  12. Vroom-Cramer, B.M.: Bescherming van geografische aanduidingen: de gevolgen van het Chiemsee-arrest en andere juridische aspecten, Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2000 p.248-256
  13. Ströbele, Paul: Chiemsee - Aufbruch zu neuen Ufern?, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2000 p.1028-1033
  14. Martínez Gutiérrez, Angel: La conformación de la marca de empresa con denominaciones geográficas (Comentario a la Sentencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidades Europeas de 4 de mayo de 1999, asunto "Windsurfing Chiemsee"), Actas de derecho industrial y derecho de autor 2000 p.513-533
  15. Żelechowski, Łukasz: Zdolność odróżniająca znaku towarowego - przegląd orzecznictwa Sądu Najwyższego i Naczelnego Sądu Administracyjnego z lat 2000-2004, Glosa : Przegląd Prawa Gospodarczego 2005 Vol.3 p.74-97
  16. Senftleben, Martin ; Anemaet, Lotte: Windsurfing Chiemsee revisited - Op weg naar een normatieve toets bij inburgering?, Berichten industriële eigendom 2013 p.245-253



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Landgericht München I - Germany

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property

Provisions of national law referred to

Markengesetz (MarkenG), Paragraph 8 Abs. 2 und 3

Markengesetz (MarkenG), Paragraph 8 Abs. 2 No. 2 und Abs. 3

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

Cour plénière (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Gulmann

Advocate General

Cosmas

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Greek