Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber), 11 September 2014

A v B and Others

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Oberster Gerichtshof

Article 267 TFEU — National constitution — Interlocutory procedure for the mandatory review of constitutionality — Assessment as to whether a national law is consistent both with EU law and with national constitutional law — Jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters — No known domicile or place of residence of the defendant in the territory of a Member State — Prorogation of jurisdiction where the defendant enters an appearance — Court-appointed representative in absentia for the defendant

Case C‑112/13


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
31/10/2014 A
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2195
11/09/2014 A
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2195
11/09/2014 A
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2014:207
02/04/2014 A
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
19/07/2013 A
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.01 Reference to the Court of Justice
      3.04.01.03 Exclusive nature of the role of the national court in making the reference
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : paragraphs 22, 27, 28, 46, 47, 51, 58, 60, 61
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 51 -P1 : paragraph 41
  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraphs 1, 25, 28, 29, 31, 34, 38 - 40, 46
  • TFEU, Article 267 -L2 : paragraphs 34, 43
  • TFEU, Article 267 -L3 : paragraphs 34, 43
  • TEU, Article 6 : paragraph 42
  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 26, 50, 51, 56, 58, 60
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : paragraphs 4, 48
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A03 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A24 : paragraphs 1, 6, 20, 23, 27, 47, 48, 52 - 54, 57 - 61
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A26 : paragraphs 7, 21
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT2 : paragraphs 8, 56, 60
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C2 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : paragraphs 3, 57
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C12 : paragraph 3
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A27PT2 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -166/73 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -106/77 : paragraphs 36, 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -36/80 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -314/85 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/89 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -348/89 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/91 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -78/95 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -236/98 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -344/04 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -119/05 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -210/06 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -118/08 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -314/08 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -111/09 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/10 : paragraphs 32, 35 - 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/10 : paragraphs 51, 58, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -327/10 : paragraphs 51, 56, 58, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -617/10 : paragraphs 36, 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -399/11 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -93/12 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -131/12 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -387/12 : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -112/13 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -1/13 : paragraphs 50, 53

Operative part

  • Interprets : Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47
  • Interprets : TFEU, Article 267
  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A24

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007) : points 59 - 62, 70, 71
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : points 4, 31 - 33, 46 - 48, 58, 71
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 2, 37 - 39, 42
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : point 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : point 37
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : point 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A16P2 : point 40
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22 : point 36
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A24 : points 1, 4, 8, 31 - 33, 38, 40, 41, 50, 55 - 58, 71
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A24P2 : point 41
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A26 : points 52 - 55
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A26P1 : points 9, 53
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT2 : points 10, 49
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35P1 : point 39
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35P2 : point 39
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C1 : point 35
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C2 : point 35
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : points 37, 38
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C13 : point 38
  • Regulation 1215/2012 : point 41
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A26P2 : point 41
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A27PT2 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -106/77 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -78/95 : points 45, 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -111/09 : points 40, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/10 : points 63 - 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -327/10 : points 49 - 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -617/10 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -93/12 : point 67


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/03/2013

Date of the Opinion

  • 02/04/2014

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

11/09/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 409 from 17.11.2014, p.10

Application: OJ C 226 from 03.08.2013, p.2

Name of the parties

A

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Kramme, Malte: Kooperation, nein danke! - der EuGH untermauert seinen Führungsanspruch gegenüber den nationalen Verfassungsgerichten, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2014 p.355-358 (DE)
  2. Öhlinger, Theo: Verfassungsrecht: Vorlagepflicht bei Verstoß eines nationalen Gesetzes gegen Art. EUGRCHARTA2007 Artikel 47 GRCh, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2014 p.955-956 (DE)
  3. Muzak, Gerhard: Wer darf die Grundrechtecharta prüfen: EuGH oder VfGH? Besprechung der E EuGH 11.9.2014, C-112/13, Ecolex 2014 p.1113-1114 (DE)
  4. Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Cassagnabère, Hervé ; Gänser, Christian: Chronique de jurisprudence de la CJUE. Principes de primauté et d'équivalence, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2014 p.2295-2296 (FR)
  5. Martinico, Giuseppe: Il caso A. c. B. e il suo impatto sul rapporto fra Corti: un diritto per tre giudici, Quaderni costituzionali 2014 p.950-953 (IT)
  6. Dero-Bugny, Delphine: Cour de justice, 5e ch., 11 septembre 2014, A/B e.a., aff. C-112/13, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2195, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2014 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2014 p.74-77 (FR)
  7. Simon, Denys: Contrôle de constitutionnalité. Application du règlement Bruxelles I, Europe 2014 Novembre nº 11 p.13-14 (FR)
  8. De Visser, Maartje: Juggling centralized constitutional review and EU primacy in the domestic enforcement of the Charter: A.v. B., Common Market Law Review 2015 p.1309-1337 (EN)
  9. Oro Martinez, Cristian: Competencia judicial internacional - Sumición tácita - Eficacia prorrogatoira de la comparecencia del representante judicial de un demandado ausente, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2015 p.252-254 (ES)
  10. Koechel, Felix: Zur (rügelosen) Einlassung des Abwesenheitskurators, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2015 p.303-309 (DE)
  11. Paris, Davide: Constitutional Courts as Guardians of EU Fundamental Rights? Centralised Judicial Review of Legislation and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, European Constitutional Law Review 2015 Vol. 11 p.389-407 (EN)
  12. Callé, Pierre: Rôle du juge national dans l'application du droit de l'Union européenne en présence de droits garantis par les constitutions nationales, Revue critique de droit international privé 2015 nº 4 p.915-921 (FR)
  13. Düsterhaus, Dominik: Procedural Primacy and Effective Judicial Protection: A Trilogue, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 2016 p.317-331 (EN)
  14. Wołodkiewicz, Bartosz: Na marginesie orzecznictwa - Czy wdanie się w spór przez kuratora pozwanego nieznanego z miejsca pobytu może ustanowić jurysdykcję krajową? Glosa do wyroku Trybunału Sprawiedliwości Unii Europejskiej z 11.09.2014 r. w sprawie A przeciwko B i innym (C-112/13), Polski Proces Cywilny 2016 Numer 1 p.151-161 (PL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Oberster Gerichtshof - Austria

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights

Provisions of national law referred to

Gesetz vom 1. August 1895, über das gerichtliche Verfahren in bürgerlichen Rechtsstreitigkeiten (Zivilprozessordnung - ZPO), Paragraphen 115, 116, 117 und 230 Gesetz vom 27. November 1896, womit Vorschriften über die Besetzung, innere Einrichtung und Geschäftsordnung der Gerichte erlassen werden (Gerichtsorganisationsgesetz - GOG), Paragraphen 89j und 89k Bundes-Verfassungsgesetz (B-VG), 92 und 140

Provisions of international law referred to

Convention européenne de sauvegarde des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés fondamentales (04/11/1950), art. 6

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

cinquième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

von Danwitz

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French