Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 7 March 2018

SNCF Mobilités, formerly Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF) v European Commission

Appeal — State aid — Aid implemented by the French Republic in favour of Sernam — Restructuring and recapitalisation aid, guarantees and waiving of Sernam’s financial debts by SNCF — Decision declaring that aid incompatible with the internal market and ordering its recovery — Sale of assets en bloc — Concept of ‘sale’ — Confusion between object and price of the sale of assets en bloc — Open and transparent procedure — Private investor test — Application of that principle to an assignment of assets en bloc — Compensatory measures

Case C-127/16 P



Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
20/04/2018 SNCF Mobilités v Commission
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:165
07/03/2018 SNCF Mobilités v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:165
07/03/2018 SNCF Mobilités v Commission
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:577
20/07/2017 SNCF Mobilités v Commission
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
08/04/2016 SNCF Mobilités v Commission
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.08 Procedural rules
    3.08.08 Judgments and orders
      3.08.08.01 Statement of reasons
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.04 Procedure for reviewing aid
      4.09.04.07 Commission decision following the formal investigation procedure
        4.09.04.07.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.01 Definition of aid
      4.09.01.03 Advantage conferred on an undertaking
        4.09.01.03.01 Private investor/private creditor test
          4.09.01.03.01.03 Letting, sale, transfer
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.04 Procedure for reviewing aid
      4.09.04.08 Implementation of the Commission decision and recovery
        4.09.04.08.02 Beneficiaries of the aid to be recovered
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.01 Definition of aid
      4.09.01.03 Advantage conferred on an undertaking
        4.09.01.03.01 Private investor/private creditor test
          4.09.01.03.01.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.01 Definition of aid
      4.09.01.03 Advantage conferred on an undertaking
        4.09.01.03.01 Private investor/private creditor test
          4.09.01.03.01.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 107 : paragraphs 154, 157
  • TFEU, Article 107 -P1 : paragraphs 105, 148, 150, 152, 153
  • TFEU, Article 108 -P2 : paragraph 13
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A01LG : paragraph 5
  • Secondary Legislation - Document published in the OJ C series- 31999Y1009(01) -PT3.2.4 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 2004/18 : paragraph 64
  • Decision 2006/367 : paragraphs 5, 151
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03 : paragraph 49
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03P1 : paragraphs 31 - 33, 54, 55, 57, 58, 120
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03P2 : paragraphs 8, 14, 20, 21, 26, 30, 32, 33, 37, 38, 40, 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 51, 52, 54, 56 - 58, 61, 75, 77, 83, 86, 96, 99, 101, 116, 120, 124, 129 - 133, 135, 143, 144, 146, 154, 159, 161
  • Decision 2006/367 -A04 : paragraphs 90 - 92, 94, 103, 107
  • Decision 2006/367 -C200 : paragraphs 30, 32
  • Decision 2006/367 -C208 : paragraphs 30, 32
  • Decision 2006/367 -C209 : paragraphs 30, 32
  • Decision 2006/367 -C210 : paragraphs 30, 32
  • Decision 2006/367 -C211 : paragraphs 30, 32
  • Decision 2006/367 -C217 : paragraphs 22, 24, 25, 27, 32, 33, 36, 42, 49, 55, 56
  • Decision 2006/367 -C218 : paragraph 25
  • Decision 2012/398 : paragraphs 1, 123
  • Decision 2012/398 -C117 : paragraphs 83, 86
  • Decision 2012/398 -C154 : paragraph 124
  • Decision 2012/398 -C155 : paragraphs 124, 125, 128, 159
  • Directive 2014/23 : paragraph 64
  • Directive 2014/24 : paragraph 64
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52003XC0801(01) : paragraph 4
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52009XC0109(03) : paragraph 13
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52016XC0719(05) : paragraph 129
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -803/79 -N7 : paragraph 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -390/98 : paragraph 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -390/98 -N75 : paragraph 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -328/99 -N78 : paragraph 108
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/99 -N133 : paragraph 130
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 : paragraph 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N68 : paragraphs 23, 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N69 : paragraphs 23, 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N70 : paragraphs 23, 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N78 : paragraph 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N84 : paragraph 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N86 : paragraph 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 -N95 : paragraphs 63, 68
  • General Court - Judgment T -324/00 -N73 : paragraphs 23, 38, 63
  • General Court - Judgment T -324/00 -N97 : paragraph 98
  • General Court - Judgment T -324/00 -N98 : paragraph 98
  • General Court - Judgment T -324/00 -N99 : paragraph 98
  • General Court - Judgment T -415/05 : paragraph 95
  • General Court - Judgment T -565/08 -N83 : paragraph 152
  • General Court - Judgment T -565/08 -N84 : paragraph 152
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -509/09 -N55 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/09 -N109 : paragraph 106
  • General Court - Judgment T -123/09 : paragraph 95
  • General Court - Judgment T -511/09 -N139 : paragraph 130
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 -N78 : paragraph 150
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 -N81 : paragraph 138
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 -N86 : paragraph 156
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 -N89 : paragraph 139
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -214/12 -N60 : paragraph 156
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -214/12 -N92 : paragraph 140
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -214/12 -N94 : paragraph 140
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N29 : paragraph 137
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N31 : paragraph 138
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N32 : paragraph 150
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N33 : paragraphs 137, 150
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N34 : paragraph 150
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N35 : paragraph 150
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N36 : paragraphs 150, 157
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N37 : paragraph 150
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -533/12 -N30 : paragraph 157
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -533/12 -N33 : paragraph 160
  • General Court - Judgment T -242/12 : paragraphs 1 - 164
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/14 -N32 : paragraph 140
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -357/14 -N102 : paragraph 156
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -357/14 -N111 : paragraph 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -357/14 -N68 : paragraph 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -164/15 -N39 : paragraph 105
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -337/15 -N83 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -577/15 -N69 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -24/16 -N70 : paragraph 29

Operative part

Opinion

  • Decision 2006/367 -A03 : point 22
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03P1 : points 30, 48, 57, 142
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03P1LA : point 21
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03P1LB : point 21
  • Decision 2006/367 -A03P2 : points 17, 21, 23, 26, 29, 30, 39 - 41, 44, 47, 51, 56, 63 - 65, 83, 84, 127, 139, 142, 150, 156, 158, 159
  • Decision 2006/367 -A04 : points 17, 22, 102, 104 - 106
  • Decision 2006/367 -C70 : point 20
  • Decision 2006/367 -C179 : points 20, 21
  • Decision 2006/367 -C208 : points 21, 42
  • Decision 2006/367 -C209 : points 21, 42
  • Decision 2006/367 -C210 : point 21
  • Decision 2006/367 -C215 : point 46
  • Decision 2006/367 -C216 : point 43
  • Decision 2006/367 -C217 : points 21, 30, 43, 44, 46, 50
  • Decision 2006/367 -C223 : point 21
  • Decision 2006/367 -C225 : point 21
  • Decision 2012/398 : point 1
  • Decision 2012/398 -C31 : point 23
  • Decision 2012/398 -C32 : point 57
  • Decision 2012/398 -C35 : point 23
  • Decision 2012/398 -C37 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C88 : point 26
  • Decision 2012/398 -C109 : point 31
  • Decision 2012/398 -C110 : point 31
  • Decision 2012/398 -C117 : point 82
  • Decision 2012/398 -C131 : point 26
  • Decision 2012/398 -C132 : point 27
  • Decision 2012/398 -C143 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C144 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C145 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C146 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C147 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C148 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C149 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C150 : point 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C151 : points 27, 102
  • Decision 2012/398 -C152 : point 28
  • Decision 2012/398 -C154 : points 28, 127 - 129
  • Decision 2012/398 -C155 : point 127
  • Decision 2012/398 -C163 : point 28
  • Decision 2012/398 -C175 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -282/85 : point 162
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -353/95 : point 145
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/98 -N25 : point 145
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -390/98 -N75 : point 105
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -390/98 -N77 : point 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -328/99 : points 27, 86, 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/99 -N133 : point 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -23/00 : point 163
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -23/00 -N51 : point 163
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -23/00 -N52 : point 163
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/00 : points 27, 65
  • General Court - Judgment T -324/00 -N73 : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -233/02 : point 163
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -328/05 -N41 : point 63
  • General Court - Judgment T -415/05 -N135 : point 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -90/09 -N59 : point 45
  • General Court - Judgment T -123/09 -N155 : point 94
  • General Court - Judgment T -511/09 -N139 : point 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 : points 147, 155
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 -N89 : point 141
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -610/10 : points 91, 92, 105
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/11 -N72 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -224/12 : point 153
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 : points 147, 153, 155
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -224/12 -N30 : point 141
  • General Court - Judgment T -242/12 : points 1 - 167
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -511/13 : point 163
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -293/13 -N193 : point 163
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -396/14 : point 67


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 26/02/2016

Date of the Opinion

  • 20/07/2017

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

07/03/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 161 from 07.05.2018, p.6

Application: OJ C 145 from 25.04.2016, p.25

Name of the parties

SNCF Mobilités v Commission

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Egger, Alexander: Rechtsmittel - Staatliche Beihilfen - Von der Französischen Republik zugunsten von Sernam verwendete Beihilfen - Beihilfe zur Umstrukturierung und Kapitalaufstockung, Garantien und Forderungsverzicht der SNCF zugunsten von Sernam - Entscheidung, mit der die Beihilfen für mit dem Binnenmarkt unvereinbar erklärt werden und ihre Rückforderung angeordnet wird - Verkauf der Aktiva ,en bloc' - Begriff , Verkauf' - Verwechslung von Gegenstand und Preis des Verkaufs der Aktiva ,en bloc' - Offenes und transparentes Verfahren - Kriterium des privaten Kapitalgebers - Anwendung dieses Grundsatzes auf eine Veräußerung der Aktiva ,en bloc' - Ausgleichsmaßnahmen, Zeitschrift für Beihilfenrecht 2018 p.113-129 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Competition
  • - State aid

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment
  • Appeals : dismissal on grounds of inadmissibility
  • Appeals : dismissal on substantive grounds

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Regan

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French