Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 17 July 2014

YS v Minister voor Immigratie, Integratie en Asiel and Minister voor Immigratie, Integratie en Asiel v M and S

Requests for a preliminary ruling from the Rechtbank Middelburget and from the Raad van State

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data — Directive 95/46/EC — Articles 2, 12 and 13 — Concept of ‘personal data’ — Scope of the right of access of a data subject — Data relating to the applicant for a residence permit and legal analysis contained in an administrative document preparatory to the decision — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Articles 8 and 41

Joined Cases C‑141/12 and C‑372/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
29/08/2014 YS and Others
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2081
17/07/2014 YS and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2081
17/07/2014 YS and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2013:838
12/12/2013 YS and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
11/05/2012 YS and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Interpretation of Article 2(a) and Article 12 of Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ 1995 L 281, p. 31) and of Article 8(2) and Article 41(2)(b) of the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union (OJ 2000 C 364, p. 1) – Concept of personal data – Explanatory note accompanying a draft decision to reject a foreign national's request for a fixed term residence permit – Data concerning the foreign national and a legal analysis in the note

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Protection of personal data
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.07 Interpretation of EU law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Protection of personal data
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Protection of personal data
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.41 Right to good administration


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 -P2 : paragraphs 1, 22, 31, 50, 53, 55, 58 - 60
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 : paragraph 68
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P2 : paragraph 66
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P2LB : paragraphs 1, 22, 31, 61, 64, 65, 67, 69
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 51 -P1 : paragraph 31
  • Directive 95/46 -A01 : paragraphs 3, 42
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LA : paragraphs 1, 4, 22, 33, 37, 39, 41, 48, 59
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LB : paragraph 60
  • Directive 95/46 -A12 : paragraphs 5, 22
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LA : paragraphs 1, 44, 50, 51, 53, 58 - 60
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LAT2 : paragraph 31
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LB : paragraphs 45, 59
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LC : paragraph 59
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1LD : paragraph 1
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1LF : paragraph 1
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1LG : paragraph 1
  • Directive 95/46 -A14 : paragraph 7
  • Directive 95/46 -A22 : paragraph 8
  • Directive 95/46 -A23P1 : paragraph 8
  • Directive 95/46 -C25 : paragraphs 3, 43
  • Directive 95/46 -C41 : paragraphs 3, 44
  • Regulation 45/2001 : paragraph 47
  • Regulation 1049/2001 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/99 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/00 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -524/06 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -553/07 : paragraphs 44, 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -28/08 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -482/10 : paragraph 67
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -141/12 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -131/12 : paragraphs 54, 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -604/12 : paragraph 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -190/13 : paragraph 63

Operative part

  • Interprets : Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 -P2
  • Interprets : Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P2LB
  • Interprets : Directive 95/46 -A02LA
  • Interprets : Directive 95/46 -A02LB
  • Interprets : Directive 95/46 -A12LA

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 : points 3, 70
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 -P2 : points 21, 24, 70
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 : points 4, 88, 93
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P1 : point 89
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P2 : points 24, 89, 90
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P2LB : points 21, 24
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 -P2LC : point 89
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : points 34, 36, 92
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 51 -P1 : points 24, 86
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P7 : point 70
  • TFEU, Article 16 -P1 : point 2
  • Directive 95/46 : points 13, 29, 41, 52 - 55, 60 - 62, 69 - 71, 74, 80, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A01P1 : points 7, 60
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LA : points 8, 21, 42, 46, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LB : points 9, 64
  • Directive 95/46 -A02LC : point 9
  • Directive 95/46 -A03P1 : points 10, 40
  • Directive 95/46 -A03P2 : points 10, 40, 64
  • Directive 95/46 -A07 : point 10
  • Directive 95/46 -A07LE : point 60
  • Directive 95/46 -A12 : points 11, 21, 24, 66, 67, 70, 76, 77, 81, 83, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LA : points 24, 72
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LB : points 60, 78
  • Directive 95/46 -A12LC : points 60, 78
  • Directive 95/46 -A13 : points 68, 80, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1 : points 12, 24, 83
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1LD : points 24, 81, 85, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1LF : points 24, 81, 85, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A13P1LG : points 24, 81, 84, 93
  • Directive 95/46 -A14 : point 78
  • Directive 95/46 -A22 : point 78
  • Directive 95/46 -A23 : point 78
  • Directive 95/46 -C1 : point 60
  • Directive 95/46 -C10 : point 7
  • Directive 95/46 -C14 : points 45, 64
  • Directive 95/46 -C15 : points 40, 45
  • Directive 95/46 -C16 : point 45
  • Directive 95/46 -C17 : point 45
  • Directive 95/46 -C25 : point 78
  • Directive 95/46 -C41 : point 78
  • Regulation 45/2001 : point 13
  • Regulation 45/2001 -A02LA : point 13
  • Regulation 45/2001 -A02LB : point 13
  • Regulation 45/2001 -A13LC : point 13
  • Regulation 1049/2001 : point 14
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P1LB : point 14
  • Regulation 1049/2001 -A04P2 : points 14, 48
  • Directive 2004/83 : point 35
  • Directive 2005/85 : point 35
  • Directive 2005/85 -A09P2L1 : point 35
  • Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) - 32008F0977 : point 7
  • Decision 2013/209 : point 14
  • Decision 2013/209 -A03P1LB : point 14
  • Decision 2013/209 -A03P2 : point 14
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52012PC0011 : point 7
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/00 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/01 : points 44, 64, 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -365/02 : point 35
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -39/05 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -524/06 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -73/07 : points 44, 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -514/07 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -553/07 : points 44, 78
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -28/08 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -92/09 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -69/10 : point 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -482/10 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -617/10 : point 86
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -277/11 : point 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/11 : point 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/11 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -300/11 : point 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -418/11 : point 86
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -131/12 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -86/12 : point 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -342/12 : point 44


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 20/03/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 12/12/2013

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

17/07/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 315 from 15.09.2014, p.2

Application: OJ C 157 from 02.06.2012, p.3

Name of the parties

YS and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. van Graafeiland, M.: Administratiefrechtelijke beslissingen ; Rechtspraak bestuursrecht 2014 nº 365-372 p.2252-2254 (NL)
  2. Stevens, Peter: No fishing allowed? The European Court of Justice has further narrowed the definition of personal data, says Peter Stevens, New Law Journal 2014 p.26-27 (EN)
  3. Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Cassagnabère, Hervé ; Gänser, Christian: Chronique de jurisprudence de la CJUE. Droits d'auteurs et droits voisins - Bibliothèques, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2014 p.2299-2300 (FR)
  4. Dupont-Lassalle, Julie: Protection des données personnelles, Europe 2014 Octobre Comm. nº 10 p.15-16 (FR)
  5. Tracol, Xavier: Back to basics: The European Court of Justice further defined the concept of personal data and the scope of the right of data subjects to access it, Computer Law & Security Review (Ed. Elsevier Ltd.) 2015 p.112-119 (EN)
  6. Gundel, Jörg: Der beschränkte Anwendungsbereich des Charta-Grundrechts auf gute Verwaltung: Zur fortwirkenden Bedeutung der allgemeinen Rechtsgrundsätze als Quelle des EU-Grundrechtsschutzes, Europarecht 2015 p.80-90 (DE)
  7. Brouwer , Evelien ; Zuiderveen Borgesius , Frederik: Access to Personal Data and the Right to Good Governance during Asylum Procedures after the cjeu’s YS. and M. and S. judgment (C-141/12 and C-372/12) , European Journal of Migration and Law 2015 Vol.17 p.259 –272 (EN)
  8. Beltman, D. ; Klingenberg, A.M.: Het Hof van Justitie en de "minutieuze" interpretatie van de inzage in persoonsgegevens en toepassing van het EU-Handvest, JHG EU-Handvest Selecties (Ed. Sdu Uitgevers bv) 2016 p.188-201 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Rechtbank Middelburg - Netherlands

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights
  • Data protection

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Sharpston

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English