Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 1 December 2011.

Eva-Maria Painer v Standard VerlagsGmbH and Others.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Handelsgericht Wien - Austria.

Jurisdiction in civil matters - Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 - Article 6(1) - More than one defendant - Directive 93/98/EEC - Article 6 - Protection of photographs - Directive 2001/29/EC - Article 2 - Reproduction - Use of a portrait photograph as a template to establish a photo-fit - Article 5(3)(d) - Exceptions and limitations as regards quotations - Article 5(3)(e) - Exceptions and limitations for the purposes of public security - Article 5(5).

Case C-145/10.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2013:138
07/03/2013 Painer
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (OJ)
20/01/2012 Painer
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2011:798
01/12/2011 Painer
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2011:798
01/12/2011 Painer
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2011:239
12/04/2011 Painer
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
05/06/2010 Painer
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2011 I-12533

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Handelsgericht Wien – Interpretation of Article 6(1) of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ 2001 L 12, p. 1), of Articles 1(1), 5(3)(d) and (e) and 5 of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (OJ 2001 L 167, p. 10) – Publication of photographs in several periodicals, without the authorisation of the author and without the correct citation – Jurisdiction of a court to judge several actions brought for the same infringement of copyright but against different defendants, and based on legal grounds of two Member States which are identical in substance – Infringement of the copyright justified in the interests of public security

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 null
      4.11.09.03


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 68 : paragraph 53
  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 68 -P1 : paragraphs 50, 52
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 : paragraph 114
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 : paragraph 42
  • Directive 93/98 : paragraphs 17, 18
  • Directive 93/98 -A01P1 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 93/98 -A06 : paragraphs 16, 85, 86, 93, 98
  • Directive 93/98 -C17 : paragraphs 14, 87
  • Decision 94/800 : paragraph 3
  • Decision 2000/278 : paragraph 8
  • Directive 2001/29 : paragraphs 96, 100
  • Directive 2001/29 -A01P1 : paragraphs 20, 42
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : paragraph 21
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02PTA : paragraphs 85, 94, 97
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03P1 : paragraph 22
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03P2 : paragraph 124
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LD : paragraphs 1, 23, 42, 62, 117, 121, 123 - 133, 136 - 138, 140, 141, 144, 146
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LE : paragraphs 1, 23, 42, 99, 103, 108, 109, 113, 115, 144 - 146
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P5 : paragraphs 1, 24, 42, 99, 109, 115, 128, 136, 137
  • Directive 2001/29 -C21 : paragraphs 19, 107
  • Directive 2001/29 -C31 : paragraphs 19, 131
  • Directive 2001/29 -C32 : paragraph 19
  • Directive 2001/29 -C4 : paragraph 107
  • Directive 2001/29 -C44 : paragraph 19
  • Directive 2001/29 -C6 : paragraphs 19, 107
  • Directive 2001/29 -C9 : paragraphs 19, 106
  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 51, 53, 54
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : paragraph 73
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : paragraph 11
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A03P1 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : paragraphs 1, 13, 42, 71, 72, 75, 76, 78 - 80, 83
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : paragraphs 10, 74
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C12 : paragraphs 10, 76
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C15 : paragraphs 10, 76
  • Directive 2006/116 : paragraph 17
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/87 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -51/97 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -313/99 : paragraph 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -231/00 : paragraph 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -245/00 : paragraph 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -318/00 : paragraph 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -380/01 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -476/01 : paragraph 108
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -433/02 : paragraph 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -434/02 : paragraphs 105, 132
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -134/03 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/03 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -165/03 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -210/03 : paragraphs 105, 132
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -453/03 : paragraphs 45, 105, 132
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -94/04 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -496/04 : paragraph 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -36/05 : paragraph 108
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/05 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 : paragraph 125
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/06 : paragraphs 73, 75, 78 - 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -428/06 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/07 : paragraph 101
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -313/07 : paragraphs 57, 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 : paragraphs 86, 95, 107
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 : paragraphs 88, 125, 132
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/09 : paragraph 100
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -145/10 : paragraph 113

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 98/93 -A06
  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LD
  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LE
  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A05P5
  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 68 -P1 : point 48
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 : points 32, 107
  • Directive 93/98 -A06 : points 13, 117 - 119, 121, 123 - 126, 132, 215
  • Directive 93/98 -C17 : points 12, 120
  • Directive 2001/29 : points 1, 130
  • Directive 2001/29 -A01P1 : points 18, 32, 107
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : point 117
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02LA : points 19, 106, 118, 126 - 128, 131, 133, 215
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P1 : point 127
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3 : points 148, 149, 185
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LC : point 163
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LD : points 21, 32, 106, 163, 166, 179, 181, 184, 186, 189 - 191, 193, 194, 197, 202, 203, 205 - 212, 215
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P3LE : points 21, 32, 106, 134, 135, 145, 146, 150, 151, 153 - 155, 158, 159, 161 - 164, 215
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05P5 : points 21, 32, 107, 148, 188, 199, 208, 213, 214
  • Directive 2001/29 -C10 : point 195
  • Directive 2001/29 -C21 : points 17, 127
  • Directive 2001/29 -C32 : points 17, 147
  • Directive 2001/29 -C4 : point 195
  • Directive 2001/29 -C44 : point 17
  • Directive 2001/29 -C9 : points 17, 195
  • Regulation 44/2001 : point 47
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : points 40, 55
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : point 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A03P1 : point 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : points 1, 9, 32, 39, 49, 50, 52, 53, 55 - 58, 60, 61, 63 - 74, 77, 78, 81, 83, 84, 86 - 88, 90 - 92, 95, 98, 101 - 103, 215
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A28 : points 10, 69, 71
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A28P1 : points 67, 70
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A28P2 : points 67, 70
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A28P3 : points 67, 68
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT3 : points 11, 57, 59 - 62, 64 - 66
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A68P1 : point 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : points 5, 56
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C12 : point 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C15 : point 5
  • Directive 2006/116 -A06 : points 16, 117, 215
  • Directive 2006/116 -C16 : point 15
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -294/82 : point 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/86 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/87 : points 1, 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -187/91 : point 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/92 : points 62, 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -51/97 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -539/03 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/03 : points 1, 74, 75, 78, 85, 94, 100
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -103/05 : points 55, 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/06 : points 1, 55, 60, 74, 77, 85
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -5/08 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 : points 118, 122


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 22/03/2010

Date of the Opinion

  • 12/04/2011

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

01/12/2011


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 148 from 05.06.2010, p.17

Judgment: OJ C 32 from 04.02.2012, p.7

Name of the parties

Painer

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Daleau, Jeanne: Enquête criminelle : reproduction de la photographie d'un portrait, Recueil Le Dalloz 2011 p.2930 (FR)
  2. Skubic, Zoran: Ali se portretna fotografija ugrabljene deklice šteje za umetniško delo?, Pravna praksa 2011 nº 48 p.23 (SL)
  3. Roth, Hans-Peter: Urheberrecht: Schutz von Portraitfotografien, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2012 p.189-190 (DE)
  4. Costes, Lionel: Utilisation d'une photographie de portrait comme modèle pour établir un portrait-robot : l'analyse de la CJUE, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2012 nº 78 p.14-15 (FR)
  5. Martial-Braz, Nathalie: Cliché d'une harmonisation du droit d'auteur par la CJUE : du grand art !, Recueil Le Dalloz 2012 p.471-474 (FR)
  6. Dahan, Véronique ; Bouffier, Charles: Arrêt Painer du 1er décembre 2011 : la CJUE poursuit son oeuvre d'harmonisation du droit d'auteur, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2012 nº 80 p.14-18 (FR)
  7. Idot, Laurence: Droit d'auteur et photographies, Europe 2012 Février Comm. nº 2 p.37-38 (FR)
  8. Idot, Laurence: Compétence en cas de pluralité de défendeurs, Europe 2012 Février Comm. nº 2 p.45-46 (FR)
  9. Schaafsma, S.J.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2012 p.155-158 (NL)
  10. Geerts, P.G.F.A.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2012 p.158-162 (NL)
  11. Handig, Christian: EuGH zum Werkbegriff und zu den freien Werknutzungen, Ecolex 2012 p.58-60 (DE)
  12. Van Eechoud, M.M.M.: AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2012 p.73-75 (NL)
  13. Walter, Michael: Porträtfotos - Phantombild, Medien und Recht 2012 p.81-84 (DE)
  14. Lund, Nils: Verschwommene Konturen: Das Luxemburger Porträt der Konnexität des Art. 6 Nr. 1 EuGVVO, Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 2012 p.377-380 (DE)
  15. Dimattia, Marina: Cronaca giudiziaria e diritti d'autore sull'opera fotografica di fronte alla Corte di giustizia, Il diritto dell'informazione e dell'informatica 2012 p.212-219 (IT)
  16. Benabou, Valérie Laure: Arrêt "Painer": la protection par le droit d'auteur d'une phototgraphie de portrait utilisée à des fins de recherche d'une personne disparue, Journal des tribunaux / droit européen 2012 nº 189 p.146-148 (FR)
  17. Büttler, Sabine: Urheberrechtsschutz von Porträtfotografien, insbesondere bei der Verwendung als Fahndungsbild, European Law Reporter 2012 p.84-86 (DE)
  18. Sirinelli, Pierre: Jurisprudence de la Cour de justice de l'Union Européenne. Accès à la protection, Revue internationale du droit d'auteur 2012 nº 232 p.325-476 (FR)
  19. Lucas, André: Droit d'auteur et droits voisins - Exceptions - Citation - Utilisation à des fins de sécurité publique, Propriétés intellectuelles 2012 nº 42 p.30-31 (FR)
  20. De Zwaan, M.R.: Ruimte in het citaatrecht in Europa? Zoekmachine vindt niets bij "search naar flexibility", AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2012 p.141-148 (NL)
  21. Michaux, Benoît: La notion d'originalité en droit d'auteur: une harmonisation communatuaire en marche accélérée, Revue de droit commercial belge 2012 p.599-601 (FR)
  22. Mezzetti, Carlo Eligio: Il caso Painer: una rivoluzione copernicana per la tutela della fotografia in Italia?, Giurisprudenza italiana 2012 p.2563-2569 (IT)
  23. Rörsch, Vivien: Mediaforum: Tijdschrift voor Media- en Communicatierecht 2012 p.106-107 (NL)
  24. : AIDA - Annali italiani del diritto d'autore, della cultura e dello spettacolo (Ed. Giuffrè-Milano) 2012 p.486-492 (IT)
  25. Oro Martinez, Cristian: Tribunal de Justicia: Espacio de libertad, seguridad y justicia - Competencia judicial internacional - Sentencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea (Sala Tercera), de 1 de diciembre de 2011, asunto C-145/10, Eva-Maria Painer c. Standard VerlangsGmbH y otros, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2012 nº 2 p.218-220 (ES)
  26. De Boer, Th.M.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 nº 66 (NL)
  27. Hugenholtz, P.B.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 nº 66 (NL)
  28. Rosenmeier, Morten ; Schovsbo, Jens: Brugskunstbeskyttelsen mod "meget nærgående efterligninger". Er Højesterets praksis på kant med EU-retten?, Ugeskrift for Retsvæsen B 2015 p.181-185 (DA)
  29. Barba, Maxime: Leçon 1 : De la connexité et de son instrumentalisation....., Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2016 nº 111 p.28-32 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Handelsgericht Wien - Austria

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters
  • Freedom of establishment

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Malenovský

Advocate General

Trstenjak

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German