Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 5 May 2015

Kingdom of Spain v European Parliament and Council of the European Union

Action for annulment — Implementing enhanced cooperation — Creation of unitary patent protection — Regulation (EU) No 1257/2012 — First paragraph of Article 118 TFEU — Legal basis — Article 291 TFEU — Delegation of powers to bodies outside the European Union — Principles of autonomy and uniform application of EU law

Case C-146/13


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
12/06/2015 Spain v Parliament and Council
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2015:298
05/05/2015 Spain v Parliament and Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2015:298
05/05/2015 Spain v Parliament and Council
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2380
18/11/2014 Spain v Parliament and Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
31/05/2013 Spain v Parliament and Council
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Action for annulment of Regulation (EU) No 1257/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2012 implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection (OJ L 361, p. 1)) – Lack of legal basis – Breach of the principles of autonomy and uniformity in the application of European Union law

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.06 Unitary patent
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.00 General
3 Legal proceedings
  3.02 Actions for annulment
    3.02.04 Pleas in law
      3.02.04.03 Misuse of powers
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.01 Adoption procedures
      2.05.01.03 Non-legislative acts
        2.05.01.03.02 Enforcement
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.02 Regulations
      2.05.02.00 General
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.01 Adoption procedures
      2.05.01.03 Non-legislative acts
        2.05.01.03.01 Delegation
3 Legal proceedings
  3.02 Actions for annulment
    3.02.00 General
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.02 Regulations
      2.05.02.02 Direct applicability


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 4 : paragraph 40
  • TFEU, Article 24 : paragraph 77
  • TFEU, Article 26 : paragraph 77
  • TFEU, Article 118 : paragraph 48
  • TFEU, Article 118 -L1 : paragraphs 40, 42, 51
  • TFEU, Article 263 : paragraph 101
  • TFEU, Article 288 -L2 : paragraph 105
  • TFEU, Article 291 -P1 : paragraph 75
  • TFEU, Article 291 -P2 : paragraphs 69, 70, 77, 83
  • Regulation 1257/2012 : paragraph 1
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A01 : paragraph 19
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A01P1 : paragraphs 43, 57
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A02LB : paragraph 29
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A02LC : paragraph 29
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A03P1 : paragraphs 45, 107
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A03P2 : paragraphs 45, 107
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A04P1 : paragraph 107
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A05P3 : paragraph 47
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A07 : paragraphs 47, 49
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09P1 : paragraphs 72, 86
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09P1LE : paragraph 81
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09P2 : paragraphs 73, 75, 78, 82, 85
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A18P2L1 : paragraph 104
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A18P2L2 : paragraph 107
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C1 : paragraph 43
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C4 : paragraph 43
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C7 : paragraph 29
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C9 : paragraph 50
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C16 : paragraph 71
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C20 : paragraph 72
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C24 : paragraph 106
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C25 : paragraph 106
  • Regulation 1260/2012 : paragraph 50
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) : paragraph 100
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -9/56 : paragraphs 23, 60, 62 - 67, 69, 84, 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -31/78 -N32 : paragraph 105
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/80 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -331/88 -N24 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -301/02 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Opinion 1/09 : paragraph 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -606/10 -N72 : paragraph 105
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 : paragraphs 54, 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N16 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N26 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N33 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N67 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N68 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -270/12 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -270/12 -N41 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -270/12 -N42 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -377/12 -N34 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -562/12 -N48 : paragraph 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -81/13 -N35 : paragraph 39

Operative part

  • Confirms : Regulation 1257/2012

Opinion

  • TFEU, Article 2 -P2 : point 83
  • TFEU, Article 3 -P2 : point 155
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P2 : point 82
  • TFEU, Article 118 : points 22, 68, 82, 84, 85, 89, 90, 92
  • TFEU, Article 218 -P11 : point 161
  • TFEU, Article 258 : point 153
  • TFEU, Article 259 : point 153
  • TFEU, Article 260 : point 153
  • TFEU, Article 262 : point 151
  • TFEU, Article 263 -L1 : point 162
  • TFEU, Article 263 -L2 : point 36
  • TFEU, Article 288 -L2 : point 127
  • TFEU, Article 291 : points 24, 118
  • TFEU, Article 291 -P1 : point 128
  • TFEU, Article 291 -P2 : points 24, 114, 117, 119, 135
  • TEU, Article 2 : points 21, 37, 39
  • TEU, Article 4 -P3 : points 94, 179
  • TEU, Article 4 -P3L2 : point 130
  • TEU, Article 20 : point 71
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1 : point 23
  • Decision 2011/167 : points 2, 46, 101
  • Regulation 1257/2012 : points 1, 26, 35 - 201
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A01 : points 9, 56
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A01P2 : point 49
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A02LA : point 10
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A02LB : point 10
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A02LC : point 10
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A03P1 : points 11, 77, 190
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A03P2L1 : point 72
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A04 : point 78
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A05 : point 79
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A05P1 : points 12, 80
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A05P2 : points 12, 81
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A05P3 : points 86, 93
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A05P7 : point 93
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A07 : point 86
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09 : point 13
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09P1 : points 24, 137, 192, 195, 197
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09P2 : points 50, 113, 121, 125, 128, 196, 197
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A09P2L1 : point 131
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A11 : point 122
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A12 : point 123
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A13 : point 124
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A18 : point 14
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A18P2 : points 157, 173, 182, 198
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -A18P2L1 : points 25, 172
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C6 : point 49
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C9 : point 87
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C24 : points 8, 175
  • Regulation 1257/2012 -C25 : points 8, 94, 181, 176
  • Regulation 1260/2012 : point 3
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) : points 3, 25, 94, 149, 152 - 185, 198
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) -A23 : points 6, 153
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) -A25 : point 88
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) -A26 : point 88
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) -A27 : point 88
  • Agreement between Member States - 42013A0620(01) -A89P1 : point 7
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -9/56 : points 24, 105, 132, 134, 136
  • Court of Justice - Opinion 3/94 -N22 : point 168
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -122/95 -N42 : point 168
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -402/05 : point 167
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -402/05 -N289 : point 168
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -533/08 -N38 : point 155
  • Court of Justice - Opinion 1/09 : points 151, 152, 158
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 : points 2, 67, 96
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N62 : point 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N68 : points 71, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -274/11 -N92 : point 151
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -431/11 -N44 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -427/12 : point 187
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -270/12 : points 132, 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -348/12 -N120 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -427/12 -N16 : point 188
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -427/12 -N33 : point 118


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 22/03/2013

Date of the Opinion

  • 18/11/2014

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

05/05/2015


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 213 from 29.06.2015, p.5

Application: OJ C 171 from 15.06.2013, p.15

Name of the parties

Spain v Parliament and Council

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Beetz, Rainer: Das Einheitspatent rückt näher, Ecolex 2015 p.489-491 (DE)
  2. Tilmann, Winfried: Possible Impact of the Unitary Patent Regulation and the Unified Patent Court Agreement on Poland, European Intellectual Property Review 2015 p.545-548 (EN)
  3. Berlin, Dominique: Coopération renforcée, cohérence exigée, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2015 nº 21 p.994 (FR)
  4. Haberl, Andreas ; Schallmoser, Konstantin: EU-Patent nimmt letzte juristische Hürde – EuGH weist Klagen Spaniens ab, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht PRAX 2015 p.221-222 (DE)
  5. Simon, Denys: Coopérations renforcées, Europe 2015 Juillet Comm. nº 7 p.13-14 (FR)
  6. Prado, Iuri Maria: Giurisdizione unificata e regime linguistico nelle sentenze della Corte UE sui ricorsi del Regno di SPagna, Il diritto industriale 2015 p.223-243 (IT)
  7. Zlatović, Dragan: Novine u europskom patentnom pravu, Hrvatska pravna revija 2015 n° 9 p.32-39 (HR)
  8. Zlatović, Dragan: REFLEKSIJE SUVREMENOG EUROPSKOG PATENTNOG PRAVA NA RADNOPRAVNI POLOŽAJ IZUMITELJA, Radno pravo 2015 n° 12 p.19-30 (HR)
  9. Nowicka, Aurelia ; Skubisz, Ryszard: Stanowisko Trybunału Sprawiedliwości w sprawie jednolitego patentu europejskiego (uwagi krytyczne), Państwo i Prawo 2015 Vol. 11 p.19-40 (PL)
  10. Jaeger, Thomas: Nach l‘Europe à la carte nun la loi européenne à la carte? Zur Erlaubnis der Umgehung der Unionsmethode nach dem Urteil in Rs. C-146/13 u. a., Europarecht 2015 Heft 4 p.461-476 (DE)
  11. Pistoia, Emanuela: Outsourcing EU law while differentiating European integration - the unitary patent's identity in the two "Spanish rulings" of 5 May 2015, European Law Review 2016 p.711-726 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Closer cooperation
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Patents

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on substantive grounds
  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on grounds of inadmissibility

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • Spanish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French