Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 17 December 2015

Société Neptune Distribution v Ministre de l'Économie et des Finances

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Conseil d'État (France)

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 — Directive 2009/54/EC — Articles 11(1) and 16 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Consumer protection — Nutrition and health claims — Natural mineral waters — Sodium/salt content — Calculation — Sodium chloride (table salt) or total amount of sodium — Freedom of expression and information — Freedom to conduct a business

Case C-157/14


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
05/02/2016 Neptune Distribution
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2015:823
17/12/2015 Neptune Distribution
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2015:823
17/12/2015 Neptune Distribution
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2015:460
09/07/2015 Neptune Distribution
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
23/05/2014 Neptune Distribution
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.18 Food safety
      4.11.18.04 Nutrition and health claims
        4.11.18.04.03 Nutrition claims
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.01 Sources of EU law
    1.01.02 General principles of law
      1.01.02.11 Precautionary principle
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.11 Freedom of expression and information
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.16 Freedom to conduct a business
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.18 Food safety
      4.11.18.04 Nutrition and health claims
        4.11.18.04.03 Nutrition claims
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.18 Food safety
      4.11.18.04 Nutrition and health claims
        4.11.18.04.02 General rules
          4.11.18.04.02.03 Conditions of use


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 9 : paragraph 73
  • TFEU, Article 12 : paragraph 73
  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraph 33
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 : paragraphs 7, 63, 65
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 -P1 : paragraphs 4, 32, 58
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 16 : paragraphs 4, 32, 66
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 35 : paragraph 73
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 38 : paragraph 73
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 : paragraph 6
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P1 : paragraph 68
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P3 : paragraphs 7, 65
  • TFEU, Article 114 -P3 : paragraph 73
  • TFEU, Article 168 -P1 : paragraph 73
  • TFEU, Article 169 -P1 : paragraph 73
  • TEU, Article 6 -P1 : paragraph 63
  • TEU, Article 6 -P1L1 : paragraphs 32, 58
  • Directive 2000/13 : paragraphs 59, 61
  • Directive 2000/13 -A02 : paragraph 14
  • Directive 2000/13 -A02P1 : paragraphs 23, 57
  • Directive 2000/13 -A02P1LA : paragraph 60
  • Regulation 1924/2006 : paragraphs 38, 51, 61, 72
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A01 : paragraphs 9, 49
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A01P5 : paragraph 39
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A02P2 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A08P1 : paragraphs 11, 41, 56, 69
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A13 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C1 : paragraphs 8, 49
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C9 : paragraphs 8, 49
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -N : paragraphs 1, 13, 32, 34, 44, 57, 62, 69, 86
  • Directive 2009/54 : paragraphs 35, 38, 39, 45, 48, 49, 51, 53, 61, 72
  • Directive 2009/54 -A07P2LA : paragraphs 16, 54
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09 : paragraph 17
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09P1 : paragraphs 1, 32, 57, 62, 86
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09P2 : paragraphs 1, 32, 56, 57, 62, 69, 86
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09P2L2 : paragraph 46
  • Directive 2009/54 -C5 : paragraphs 15, 50
  • Directive 2009/54 -C8 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2009/54 -C9 : paragraphs 15, 50
  • Directive 2009/54 -N3 : paragraphs 1, 18, 32, 46, 47, 56, 57, 62, 69, 86
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/01 -N123 : paragraph 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/04 -N52 : paragraph 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N47 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N51 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N54 : paragraph 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N57 : paragraph 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N58 : paragraph 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -609/12 -N40 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/13 -N57 : paragraph 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/13 -N58 : paragraph 82
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -157/14 : paragraphs 73, 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N38 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N39 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N40 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N41 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -207/14 -N40 : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -452/14 -N33 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -452/14 -N34 : paragraph 34

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 1924/2006 -A08P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 1924/2006 -N
  • Interprets : Directive 2009/54 -A09P1
  • Interprets : Directive 2009/54 -A09P2
  • Interprets : Directive 2009/54 -N3

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 : points 36, 38, 42 - 44, 51
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 -P1 : points 19, 36, 38
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 16 : points 19, 36, 38, 42 - 44, 50
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 35 : points 46, 47
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 38 : point 46
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 : point 38
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P1 : points 43, 58
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P3 : point 36
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P7 : point 36
  • TFEU, Article 114 -P3 : point 46
  • TEU, Article 6 -P1L1 : points 19, 36, 38, 50
  • TEU, Article 6 -P1L3 : point 36
  • TEU, Article 9 : point 46
  • TEU, Article 12 : point 46
  • Directive 80/777 : points 23, 24, 39
  • Directive 2000/13 : points 38, 39
  • Directive 2000/13 -A02P1 : points 12, 19, 23, 28, 37, 40
  • Directive 2000/13 -A02P1LB : point 25
  • Directive 2000/13 -A02P3 : point 12
  • Directive 2000/13 -C4 : point 40
  • Directive 2000/13 -C5 : point 40
  • Regulation 1924/2006 : points 23 - 26, 30, 32, 39
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A01P1 : points 8, 32
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A01P4 : point 8
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A01P5LB : point 24
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A02P2PT4 : points 9, 24
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A02P2PT5 : points 9, 24
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A08 : point 32
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A08P1 : point 10
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -A13P3 : point 48
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C1 : point 32
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C2 : point 32
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C7 : point 33
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C9 : point 32
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -C10 : point 32
  • Regulation 1924/2006 -N : points 2, 11, 19, 21 - 32, 59
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007) - Explanations : point 36
  • Directive 2009/54 : points 23 - 28, 31, 38, 39, 42, 46, 47, 56
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09P1 : points 14, 19, 23, 37
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09P2 : points 14, 19, 23, 28, 37, 47
  • Directive 2009/54 -A09P2L2 : points 40, 58, 59
  • Directive 2009/54 -C5 : point 47
  • Directive 2009/54 -C8 : points 13, 40
  • Directive 2009/54 -N3 : points 15, 19, 23, 27, 28, 37, 40, 57 - 59
  • Regulation 1169/2011 : points 7, 25, 31
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -A03P1 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -A04 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -A07 : point 25
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -A29 : point 25
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -A54 : point 7
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -A55 : point 7
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -C3 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -C4 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -C10 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -C34 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -C36 : point 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -C37 : points 31, 52
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -N1PT11 : point 31
  • Regulation 1169/2011 -N5 : point 25
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52003PC0424 : point 32
  • Commission - COM Document (Other than Draft Legislation) - 52007DC0279 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -248/95 -N46 : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/97 -N45 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -112/00 -N79 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -380/03 -N145 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -380/03 -N155 : points 51, 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/04 -N52 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/04 -N68 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -421/07 -N26 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -421/07 -N27 : points 51, 55
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -249/09 -N46 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -343/09 -N60 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -544/10 -N66 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -14/10 -N60 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -15/10 -N125 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -15/10 -N60 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N54 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -544/10 -N57 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -283/11 -N45 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/12 -N29 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -293/12 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -293/12 -N39 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -293/12 -N40 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -609/12 -N25 : point 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/13 -N57 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/13 -N58 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N36 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N37 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N38 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N39 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N40 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -195/14 -N41 : point 50


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 04/04/2014

Date of the Opinion

  • 09/07/2015

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

17/12/2015


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 68 from 22.02.2016, p.5

Application: OJ C 184 from 16.06.2014, p.16

Name of the parties

Neptune Distribution

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Skubic, Zoran: Kdaj je "sol" res "sol" po pravu EU?, Pravna praksa 2016 nº 2 p.27 (SL)
  2. Gadbin, Daniel: Des eaux minérales (françaises) porteuses d'allégations nutritionnelles et de santé illégales, Revue de droit rural 2016 nº 441 p.55 (FR)
  3. Butković, Marija: Zaštita potrošača u sferi proizvodnje i sigurnosti hrane u praksi Suda pravde Europske unije, Informator 2016 nº 6424 p.6-8 (HR)
  4. Roset, Sébastien: Publicité sur la teneur en sodium de certaines eaux minérales, Europe 2016 Février Comm. nº 2 p.26-27 (FR)
  5. Jagow, Carl: Vorsicht vor nicht ausreichend erforschten Natriumverbindungen!, Zeitschrift für das gesamte Lebensmittelrecht 2016 p.63-66 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Conseil d'État - France

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Consumer protection
  • Public health
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Safjan

Advocate General

Jääskinen

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French