Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 14 September 2017

Sandra Nogueira and Others v Crewlink Ireland Ltd and Miguel José Moreno Osacar v Ryanair Designated Activity Company

Requests for a preliminary ruling from the Cour du travail de Mons

References for a preliminary ruling — Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Jurisdiction — Jurisdiction over individual contracts of employment — Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 — Article 19(2)(a) — Concept of ‘place in which the employee habitually carries out his work’ — Airline sector — Airline crew — Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 — Concept of ‘home base’

Joined Cases C-168/16 and C-169/16


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
27/10/2017 Nogueira and Others
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2017:688
14/09/2017 Nogueira and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2017:688
14/09/2017 Nogueira and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:312
27/04/2017 Nogueira and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
13/05/2016 Nogueira and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.07 Transport
    4.07.05 Air transport
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 3922/91 -A01 : paragraph 11
  • Regulation 3922/91 -N3 : paragraphs 12 - 14, 31, 32, 44, 66 - 74, 77
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A18 : paragraph 53
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A18P1 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19 : paragraphs 8, 53
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19PT2 : paragraphs 28, 32, 46, 48, 55
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19PT2LA : paragraphs 1, 44, 57, 59 - 77
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A21 : paragraphs 9, 28, 52 - 54
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C13 : paragraphs 5, 49
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : paragraphs 5, 45
  • Regulation 44/2001 -CH2S5 : paragraphs 6, 49 - 51
  • Regulation 883/2004 -A11 : paragraphs 16, 32
  • Regulation 883/2004 -A11P5 : paragraph 17
  • Regulation 883/2004 -C1 : paragraph 74
  • Regulation 883/2004 -C18TER : paragraphs 15, 32
  • Regulation 216/2008 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 465/2012 -A03 : paragraph 17
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : paragraphs 32, 45
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05PT1 : paragraphs 46, 47, 56, 58
  • Rome Convention 1980 : paragraph 56
  • Rome Convention 1980 -PR : paragraphs 10, 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/00 -N49 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/00 -N53 : paragraph 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -437/00 -N16 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N48 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N49 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N38 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N39 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N40 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N41 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N44 : paragraphs 32, 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N46 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N45 : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N61 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N63 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -64/12 -N31 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -64/12 -N38 : paragraph 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -47/14 -N37 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -47/14 -N43 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -47/14 -N44 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/15 -N30 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -290/15 -N48 : paragraph 62
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -168/16 : paragraphs 54, 56, 61, 63, 64, 67

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 3922/91 -N3
  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A19PT2LA

Opinion

  • Regulation 3922/91 -A01P1 : point 12
  • Regulation 3922/91 -N3 : points 13, 14, 16, 49, 53, 110, 114, 117, 132
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 3, 6, 55, 59, 73 - 75, 123
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A18 : points 47, 94
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A18P1 : point 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19 : points 10, 47
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19PT1 : point 130
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19PT2 : points 1, 48, 49, 53, 54, 60, 79, 80, 112 - 117
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A19PT2LA : points 4, 86, 88, 89, 101, 106, 108, 109, 118, 120, 121, 126, 127, 129, 132
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A20 : point 47
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A21 : points 11, 32, 47, 57
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C13 : points 7, 56
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : point 61
  • Regulation 44/2001 -CH2S5 : points 8, 58
  • Regulation 883/2004 : point 49
  • Regulation 883/2004 -A11P1 : point 17
  • Regulation 883/2004 -A11P5 : points 18, 113
  • Regulation 1899/2006 : point 13
  • Regulation 593/2008 : points 74, 75
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A08P2 : point 94
  • Regulation 593/2008 -C7 : point 76
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : points 5, 49, 55, 59, 62, 73 - 77, 87
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05PT1 : points 60, 62, 63, 67, 69, 72
  • Rome Convention 1980 : points 5, 55, 74 - 77, 87
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A06 : point 47
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A06P2 : point 82
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A06P2LA : points 79 - 83
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A06P2LB : points 79 - 82
  • Brussels Convention - Accession of Spain and Portugal (1989) : point 60
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52005PC0650 : point 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/79 -N3 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/81 -N12 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/81 -N13 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/81 -N14 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/81 -N7 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/85 -N16 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -32/88 -N14 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -32/88 -N15 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 : point 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 -N17 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 -N18 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 -N19 : points 56, 131
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 -N20 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 -N24 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 -N25 : points 95, 97, 103, 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -288/92 -N25 : point 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 : point 69
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 -N17 : point 131
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 -N19 : point 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 -N20 : point 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 -N21 : point 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 -N23 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/95 -N25 : points 95, 97, 98, 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/00 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/00 -N40 : points 56, 131
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -37/00 -N58 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/00 -N38 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -437/00 -N18 : points 56, 131
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -437/00 -N19 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/06 -N17 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/08 -N18 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/08 -N19 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/08 -N41 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/08 -N42 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/08 -N43 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -29/10 -N71 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -29/10 -N72 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -29/10 -N73 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N33 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N40 : points 56, 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N41 : points 56, 77, 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N42 : points 56, 77, 78, 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N43 : points 78, 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N44 : points 78, 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N45 : points 77, 78, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N48 : points 85, 95
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N49 : points 85, 95, 97, 98, 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/10 -N50 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N34 : point 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N35 : points 56, 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N36 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N37 : points 84, 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N38 : points 85, 95, 97, 98, 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N39 : points 85, 95, 97
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N40 : points 85, 95, 97
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -384/10 -N41 : points 85, 95
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N44 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N45 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N46 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 -N60 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -47/14 -N38 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -47/14 -N43 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/14 -N40 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/14 -N41 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/14 -N42 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/14 -N43 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/15 -N22 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/15 -N23 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -191/15 -N36 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -191/15 -N37 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -191/15 -N38 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -191/15 -N39 : point 77


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 25/03/2016

Date of the Opinion

  • 27/04/2017

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

14/09/2017


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 382 from 13.11.2017, p.17

Application: OJ C 191 from 30.05.2016, p.18

Name of the parties

Nogueira and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Mankowski, Peter: Zur internationalen Zuständigkeit in Arbeitssachen bei fliegendem Personal ("Nogueira u.a."), Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2017 p.739-740 (DE)
  2. Nourissat, Cyril: Précision sur la notion de << lieu où le travailleur accomplit habituellement son travail >>, Procédures 2017 nº 11 p.17 (FR)
  3. Lacoste-Mary, Valérie: La détermination du tribunal compétent du personnel navigant - Contribution à l'interprétation autonome du lieu d'exécution du contrat de travail, Droit social 2017 n° 12 p.1085-1087 (FR)
  4. Idot, Laurence: Compétence en matière de contrats individuels de travail du personnel navigant, Europe 2017 novembre nº 11 p.53-54 (FR)
  5. Haanappel-van der Burg, Iris: Arbeidsconstructies in de luchtvaartsector na het Ryanair-arrest, Ars aequi 2018 p.222-228 (NL)
  6. Winkler, Peter: Internationale Zuständigkeit für arbeitsrechtliche Klagen von Flugpersonal - Gewöhnlicher Arbeitsort und Begriff der Heimatbasis, Europäische Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2018 p.236-247 (DE)
  7. Pailler, Ludovic: Coopération judiciaire en matière civile et commerciale, Journal du droit international 2018 n° 2 p.592-601 (FR)
  8. Jault-Seseke, Fabienne: De la compétence du juge du lieu d'exécution habituel du travail pour le personnel navigant des compagnies aériennes, Revue critique de droit international privé 2018 nº 2 p.279-290 (FR)
  9. Kruger, T.: Waar de werknemer gewoonlijk werkt: een criterium met feitelijke invulling, S.E.W. : Tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht 2018 p.333-336 (NL)
  10. Van den Bergh, Piet: Ryanair: das fehlende Glied zwischen Rom und Brüssel, Arbeit und Recht 2018 n°12 p.563-565 (DE)
  11. Knöfel, Oliver L.: Flugpersonal im Europäischen Arbeitsprozessrecht, Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union - GPR 2019 N°1 p.43-48 (DE)
  12. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Renaudière, Géraldine: Libre circulation des personnes dans l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2019 p.166-175 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Cour du travail de Mons - Belgium

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Toader

Advocate General

Saugmandsgaard Øe

Language(s) of the Case

  • French

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French