Judgment of the Court (First Chamber), 16 May 2013

Melzer v MF Global UK Ltd

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Landgericht Düsseldorf

Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Special jurisdiction in matters of tort, delict and quasi-delict — Cross-border participation by several persons in the same unlawful act — Possibility of establishing territorial jurisdiction according to the place where the act was committed by one of the perpetrators of the damage other than the defendant (‘wechselseitige Handlungsortzurechnung’)

Case C‑228/11


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
18/07/2013 Melzer
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:305
16/05/2013 Melzer
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:305
16/05/2013 Melzer
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2012:766
29/11/2012 Melzer
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
01/07/2011 Melzer
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Landgericht Düsseldorf – Interpretation of Article 5(3) of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ 2001, L 12, p. 1) – Special jurisdiction relating to matters in tort or delict or quaisi-delict – Determination of territorial jurisdiction to hear an action for damages in the case of cross-border participation of several people in a single unlawful act – Possibility of establishing that jurisdiction according to the place where the harmful act was committed by a perpetrator other than the defendant

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A03P1 : paragraphs 7, 37
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT1 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3 : paragraphs 1, 8, 18 - 31, 35, 38, 40, 41
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : paragraphs 9, 39
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C12 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C15 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C2 : paragraphs 3, 34
  • Regulation 44/2001 -CH2S2 : paragraph 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/00 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/08 : paragraphs 22, 24, 26, 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -509/09 : paragraphs 22, 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -523/10 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -543/10 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -228/11 : paragraphs 29, 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/11 : paragraph 28

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3

Opinion

  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 58, 65, 67
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : points 27, 36, 62
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : points 10, 34, 54
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A03P1 : point 11
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT1 : points 12, 29, 34
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3 : points 1, 13, 23, 27, 28 - 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 48, 50, 52, 54, 60, 63, 66, 68
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : points 13, 53
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A59 : point 34
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : points 6, 62
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C12 : points 7, 59, 61
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C15 : point 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C2 : points 5, 50
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C16 : point 63
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05PT3 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -21/76 : points 3, 37
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -68/93 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -68/93 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -352/95 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/97 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/00 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/02 : points 31, 54, 59, 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -281/02 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/06 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -462/06 : point 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/08 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -347/08 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -509/09 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -543/10 : point 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -144/10 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -523/10 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -619/10 : point 51
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -133/11 : point 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -133/11 : points 5, 28, 49, 56, 60, 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -190/11 : point 49


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 16/05/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 29/11/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

16/05/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 211 from 16.07.2011, p.17

Judgment: OJ C 225 from 03.08.2013, p.5

Name of the parties

Melzer

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Piroddi, Paola: Impossibile radicare la lite nel luogo dell'illecito quando uno dei coautori non è parte in causa. Un criterio di competenza speciale che non ammette interpretazioni estensive, Guida al diritto 2013 nº 23 p.88-90 (IT)
  2. Müller, Michael: Keine wechselseitige Handlungsortzurechnung im Rahmen der EuGVVO, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2013 p.2101-2102 (DE)
  3. Slonina, Michael: Keine grenzüberschreitende Handlungsortszurechnung für Tatbeteiligte nach Art 5 Nr 3 EuGVVO, Ecolex 2013 p.703-704 (DE)
  4. Wagner, Rolf: EuGVVO: Keine wechselseitige Handlungsortzurechnung, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2013 p.546-547 (DE)
  5. Borić, Tomislav ; Rudolf, Claudia ; Knaus, Michael: EuGH: Grenzüberschreitende Börsentermingeschäfte und Handlungsort iSd Art 5 Nr 3 Brüssel I-VO, Eastlex 2013 p.121 (DE)
  6. Weller, Matthias: Neue Grenzen der internationalen Zuständigkeit im Kapitalanlageprozess: Keine wechselseitige Zurechnung der Handlungsbeiträge nach Art. 5 Nr. 3 EuGVO, Wertpapier-Mitteilungen 2013 p.1681-1988 (DE)
  7. Idot, Laurence: Matière délictuelle. L'article 5, point 3, ne permet pas d'établir, au titre du lieu du fait générateur imputé à l'un des auteurs supposés d'un dommage, qui n'est pas partie au litige, une compétence juridictionnelle à l'encontre d'un autre auteur supposé dudit dommage qui n'a pas agi dans le ressort de la juridiction saisie, Europe 2013 Juillet Comm. nº 7 p.50 (FR)
  8. Strikwerda, L.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 n° 520 (NL)
  9. Fuchs, Angelika: ERA-Forum : scripta iuris europaei 2013 p.437-438 (DE, EN)
  10. Von Hein, Jan: Der Gerichtsstand der unerlaubten Handlung bei arbeitsteiliger Tatbegehung im europäischen Zivilprozessrecht, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2013 p.505-515 (DE)
  11. Chacornac, Jérôme: Compétence européenne en matière délictuelle et pluralité d'auteurs, Revue critique de droit international privé 2013 p.938-946 (FR)
  12. Skubic, Zoran: Lex loci (quasi)delicti commissi v luči prava EU, Pravna praksa 2013 nº 21 p.24-25 (SL)
  13. Dörrscheidt, Kolja: Keine wechselseitige Handlungsortzurechnung zwischen mehreren Schadensverursachern im Deliktsgerichtsstand (hier: Klage wegen Aufklärungsmangel über Risiko von Börsentermingeschäften) („Melzer“), Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2014 p.31-32 (DE)
  14. Villata, Stefano Alberto: Locus commissi delicti e concorso nell'illecito nell'art.5, n.3 del Regolamento Bruxelles I, Rivista di diritto processuale 2014 p.1229-1242 (IT)
  15. Reydellet, Colin: Leçon 2 : De la matière délictuelle et de sa qualification....., Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2016 nº 111 p.33-36 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Landgericht Düsseldorf - Germany

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Safjan

Advocate General

Jääskinen

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French