Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 11 November 2010.

Dita Danosa v LKB Līzings SIA.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Augstākās Tiesas Senāts - Latvia.

Social policy - Directive 92/85/EEC - Measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health at work of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding - Articles 2(a) and 10 - Concept of ‘pregnant worker’ - Prohibition on the dismissal of a pregnant worker during the period from the beginning of pregnancy to the end of maternity leave - Directive 76/207/EEC - Equal treatment for men and women - Member of the Board of Directors of a capital company - National legislation permitting the dismissal of a Board Member without any restrictions.

Case C-232/09.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
15/01/2011 Danosa
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2010:674
11/11/2010 Danosa
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2010:674
11/11/2010 Danosa
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2010:486
02/09/2010 Danosa
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
12/09/2009 Danosa
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2010 I-11405

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Augustākās tiesas Senāts – Interpretation of Art. 10 of Council Directive 92/85/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health at work of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding (tenth individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) (OJ 1992 L 348, p.1) – Definition of worker – Compatibility of the directive of national legislation authorising the dismissal of a member of the board of directors of a capital company without any restriction taking account in particular of that member's pregnancy

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.14 Social policy
    4.14.05 Protection of the health and safety of workers
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.14 Social policy
    4.14.01 Equality and non-discrimination
      4.14.01.02 Equality for men and women
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.14 Social policy
    4.14.05 Protection of the health and safety of workers


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 23 : paragraph 71
  • Directive 76/207 : paragraphs 59, 64, 66, 69, 70, 72
  • Directive 76/207 -A02P1 : paragraphs 3, 74
  • Directive 76/207 -A02P7 : paragraphs 4, 67, 74
  • Directive 76/207 -A03P1LC : paragraphs 5, 65, 74
  • Directive 86/613 -A01 : paragraphs 6, 70
  • Directive 86/613 -A02LA : paragraph 7
  • Directive 86/613 -A03 : paragraph 8
  • Directive 86/613 -A08 : paragraph 9
  • Directive 92/85 : paragraphs 38 - 42, 44, 56, 59, 64, 67, 69, 70, 72
  • Directive 92/85 -A02LA : paragraphs 11, 52, 55
  • Directive 92/85 -A10 : paragraphs 12, 55, 57, 58, 60 - 63, 74
  • Directive 92/85 -A10L1PT1
  • Directive 92/85 -A10L1PT2
  • Directive 92/85 -C9 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 92/85 -C15 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 97/80 -A03P1LA : paragraph 72
  • Directive 97/80 -A04P1 : paragraph 73
  • Directive 2002/73 : paragraph 3
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -66/85 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -179/88 : paragraph 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -344/87 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -357/89 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -32/93 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -394/96 : paragraphs 59, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -424/97 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -435/97 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -109/00 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/01 : paragraphs 39, 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -191/03 : paragraph 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -116/06 : paragraphs 39, 40, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -460/06 : paragraphs 59 - 61, 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -22/08 : paragraph 34

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 76/207 -A02P1
  • Interprets : Directive 76/207 -A02P7
  • Interprets : Directive 76/207 -A03P1LC
  • Interprets : Directive 92/85
  • Interprets : Directive 92/85 -A10

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 39 : points 3, 53, 70
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 21 : point 24
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 23 : point 25
  • Directive 76/207 : points 10, 22, 112, 115, 116, 118, 121, 122, 128
  • Directive 76/207 -A02P1 : points 15, 113
  • Directive 76/207 -A02P7L1 : point 16
  • Directive 76/207 -A02P7L3 : point 16
  • Directive 76/207 -A03P1LC : point 17
  • Directive 76/207 -A03P2 : point 18
  • Directive 76/207 -A05P1 : points 113, 114
  • Directive 86/613 : points 10, 57, 112, 117, 118, 124, 126 - 128
  • Directive 86/613 -A01 : point 19
  • Directive 86/613 -A03 : point 21
  • Directive 86/613 -A04 : point 22
  • Directive 86/613 -A08 : point 23
  • Directive 92/85 : points 1 - 6, 9, 16, 48, 52, 53, 56, 58, 65, 67, 92 - 94, 112, 115, 124, 131
  • Directive 92/85 -A02 : point 46
  • Directive 92/85 -A02LA : point 13
  • Directive 92/85 -A10 : points 14, 44 - 46, 51, 64, 85, 86, 89 - 91, 95, 96, 98, 101, 102, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110, 111, 131
  • Directive 92/85 -A10P1 : point 97
  • Directive 92/85 -A10P2 : point 97
  • Directive 92/85 -A10P3 : point 97
  • Directive 92/85 -C9 : point 11
  • Directive 92/85 -C15 : point 12
  • Directive 97/80 -A04 : point 97
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -66/85 : points 54, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -3/87 : points 55, 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/88 : point 107
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -179/90 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -32/93 : point 122
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -107/94 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -85/96 : point 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -350/96 : point 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -337/97 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -226/98 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -438/99 : points 49, 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -109/00 : point 114
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/01 : point 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -397/01 : point 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -303/05 : point 107
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -116/06 : points 3, 53, 65, 66, 92
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -460/06 : points 87, 90, 91, 116
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -94/07 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -555/07 : point 111
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -14/09 : point 68


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 25/06/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 02/09/2010

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

11/11/2010


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 220 from 12.09.2009, p.20

Judgment: OJ C 13 from 15.01.2011, p.11

Name of the parties

Danosa

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Jeansen, Emeric: Protection de la « travailleuse enceinte » membre d'un comité de direction, La Semaine Juridique - Social 2010 nº 50 p.23-25 (FR)
  2. Liberte, Vita: Komerclikumā jānosaka valdes locekļu atsaukšanas pamatojums, Jurista vards 2010 nº 52 p.18-19 (LV)
  3. Driguez, Laetitia: Protection des travailleuses enceintes, Europe 2011 Janvier Comm. nº 1 p.29 (FR)
  4. Wank, Rolf: Kapitalgesellschaft, Mitglied der Unternehmensleitung, Arbeitnehmereigenschaft, Kündigung/"Danosa", Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2011 nº 1 p.27-28 (DE)
  5. Schmitt, Mélanie: L'actualité de la jurisprudence européenne et internationale. Rupture des relations juridiques en raison de l'état de grossesse, Revue de jurisprudence sociale 2011 nº 2 p.97-98 (FR)
  6. Peters, S.S.M.: De ontslagbescherming van zwangere bestuurders van kapitaalvennootschappen, Tijdschrift Recht en Arbeid 2011 nº 3 p.31-33 (NL)
  7. Fischer, Ulrich: Die Fremdgeschäftsführerin und andere Organvertreter auf dem Weg zur Arbeitnehmereigenschaft, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2011 p.2329-2332 (DE)
  8. Schubert, Claudia: Kündigungsschutz für die Geschäftsführerin einer Kapitalgesellschaft während der Schwangerschaft - Gesundheitsschutz und Diskriminierungsschutz, Europäische Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2011 p.362-371 (DE)
  9. De Dier, Stijn ; Van Bever, Aline: Het arbeidsrechtelijk statuut van een lid van het directiecomité van een NV (Art. 524bis W.Venn.), Tijdschrift voor rechtspersoon en vennootschap 2011 p.217-225 (NL)
  10. Reiserer, Kerstin: Arbeitnehmerschutz für Geschäftsführer? - Die Danosa-Entscheidung des EuGH und ihre Auswirkungen, Der Betrieb 2011 p.2262-2267 (DE)
  11. Leopold, Anders: Mutterschutz für Mitglieder der Unternehmensleitung, Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht 2011 p.362-368 (DE)
  12. Petrovic, Sinisa ; Ceronja, Petar: Corporate Effects of the Danosa Case: Is the Termination of Membership of the Board of Directors Allowed in the Case of a Pregnant Board Member?, Croatian Yearbook of European Law & Policy 2012 Vol. 8 p.437-456 (EN)
  13. Schubert, Claudia: Arbeitnehmerschutz für GmbH-Geschäftsführer, Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht 2013 p.5-15 (DE)
  14. Schubert, Claudia: Der Diskriminierungsschutz der Organvertreter und die Kapitalverkehrsfreiheit der Investoren im Konflikt, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2013 p.289-299 (DE)
  15. Kruse, Cornelius ; Stenslik, Bastian-Peter: Mutterschutz für Organe von Gesellschaften?, Neue Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2013 p.596-601 (DE)
  16. Klasen, Evelyn: Sic-Non-Fälle und materieller Arbeitnehmerstatus, Betriebs-Berater 2013 p.1849-1853 (DE)
  17. Schiefer, Bernd ; Worzalla, Michael: Der Anstellungsvertrag des GmbH-Geschäftsführers, Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2013 p.41-72 (DE)
  18. Eckardt, Bernd: Paradigmenwechsel durch den EuGH: Von der analogen zur unmittelbaren Anwendung der Arbeitnehmerschutzvorschriften auf GmbH-Geschäftsführer(innen)?, Rechts im Dialog - Gedächtnisschrift für Rainer Wörlen (Ed. Nomos - Baden-Baden) 2013 p.369-390 (DE)
  19. Senčur Peček, Darja: Vpliv sodbe v zadevi Danosa na varstvo noseče direktorice pred odpoklicem in odpovedjo pogodbe, Podjetje in delo 2013 nº 2 p.268-292 (SL)
  20. Hohenstatt, Klaus-Stefan ; Naber, Sebastian: Sind Fremd-Geschäftsführer Arbeitnehmer im Sinne der Massenentlassungsrichtlinie?, Neue Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 2014 p.637-642 (DE)
  21. Siefer, Tobias: Der Schutz von Geschäftsführern und Vorstandsmitgliedern gegen Diskriminierungen, Schriften zum Deutschen und Europäischen Arbeits- und Sozialrecht (Ed. Peter Lang - Frankfurt/Main) 2016 Bd. 34, 350 P. (DE)
  22. Coppola, Francesca: Il diritto della lavoratrice all'allattamento del figlio, Rivista italiana di diritto del lavoro 2018 n° 1 p.121-130 (IT)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Augstākās tiesas Senāts (Sénat de la Cour suprême) - Latvia

Subject-matter

  • Social policy

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ó Caoimh

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • Latvian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French