Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 27 September 2017

Nintendo Co. Ltd v BigBen Interactive GmbH and BigBen Interactive SA

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf

References for a preliminary ruling — Intellectual property — Regulation (EC) No 6/2002 — Article 20(1)(c), Article 79(1) and Articles 82, 83, 88 and 89 — Action for infringement — Limitation of the rights conferred by the Community design — Concept of ‘citations’ — Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 — Article 6(1) — Jurisdiction in respect of the co-defendant domiciled outside the Member State of the forum — Territorial scope of the jurisdiction of the Community design courts — Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 — Article 8(2) — Law applicable to claims seeking the adoption of orders relating to sanctions and other measures

Joined Cases C-24/16 and C-25/16


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
10/11/2017 Nintendo
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2017:724
27/09/2017 Nintendo
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2017:724
27/09/2017 Nintendo
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:146
01/03/2017 Nintendo
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
08/04/2016 Nintendo
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.04 Community designs
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.04 Community designs
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.04 Community designs
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.04 Community designs
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.04 Community designs
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.05 Conflicts of laws
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.05 Conflicts of laws


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 89/104 -A06P1LC : paragraph 79
  • Regulation 40/94 -A98P1 : paragraph 53
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06 : paragraphs 38, 44, 49, 52, 61, 63, 67
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : paragraphs 5, 38, 44, 45, 49, 52, 61, 63, 67
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A66P1 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A68P2 : paragraphs 6, 39
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C11 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A01P3 : paragraphs 8, 56, 60
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A02 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A04 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A05PT1 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A05PT3 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A05PT4 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A05PT5 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A06PT1 : paragraphs 33, 36, 38
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A16PT4 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A19 : paragraphs 49, 80
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A19P1 : paragraphs 9, 100, 103, 107
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A19P2 : paragraph 100
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A20P1LA : paragraph 75
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A20P1LC : paragraphs 1, 34, 36, 68 - 71, 74 - 78, 79, 83, 86
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A79 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A79P1 : paragraphs 1, 11, 33, 36, 38, 43, 61, 67
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A79P3 : paragraphs 12, 43, 44
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A80P1 : paragraphs 13, 39
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A81 : paragraph 43
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A81LA : paragraphs 14, 61, 64
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82 : paragraphs 1, 15, 39
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P1 : paragraphs 40, 38, 40, 61, 67
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P2 : paragraph 61
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P3 : paragraph 61
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P4 : paragraphs 12, 61
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P5 : paragraphs 41, 62, 65
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A83 : paragraphs 1, 16, 61, 65
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A88P2 : paragraphs 17, 38, 47, 62, 67, 92
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A88P3 : paragraph 17
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1 : paragraphs 38, 67
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LA : paragraphs 54, 89
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LB : paragraph 89
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LC : paragraph 89
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LD : paragraphs 47, 92
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C6 : paragraphs 7, 73
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C7 : paragraphs 7, 73
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C22 : paragraphs 7, 57
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C29 : paragraphs 7, 56, 57
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C30 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C31 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89 : paragraph 18
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LA : paragraph N
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LA : paragraph 54
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LC : paragraph 89
  • Directive 2004/48 : paragraph 48
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LD : paragraphs 47, 92
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1 : paragraphs 20, 96, 98
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A08P1 : paragraph 21
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A08P2 : paragraphs 1, 21, 35, 36, 90, 91, 94 - 98, 102, 105, 108, 109, 111
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15 : paragraphs 90, 110
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LA: : paragraphs 22, 36
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LD: : paragraphs 22, 36
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LG: : paragraph 22
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C6 : paragraphs 19, 102
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C7 : paragraph 19
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C13 : paragraphs 19, 102
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C14 : paragraphs 19, 102
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C16 : paragraphs 19, 96, 102
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C19 : paragraphs 19, 97, 102
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A94 : paragraph 110
  • Agreement between Member States - 41998A0126 : paragraph 3
  • Agreement between Member States - 41998A0126 -A17 : paragraph 12
  • Agreement between Member States - 41998A0126 -A18 : paragraph 12
  • Agreement between Member States - 41998A0126 -A24 : paragraph 12
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/03 -N41 : paragraph 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/03 -N42 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/03 -N43 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/03 -N45 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/03 -N47 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/03 -N30 : paragraph 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/03 -N31 : paragraph 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/03 -N32 : paragraph 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -539/03 -N34 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -235/09 -N33 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -235/09 -N39 : paragraph 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/10 -N109 : paragraph 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/10 -N133 : paragraph 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -412/10 -N34 : paragraph 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -488/10 -N44 : paragraphs 66, 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -479/12 -N52 : paragraphs 47, 92
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -479/12 -N53 : paragraphs 47, 92
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -479/12 -N54 : paragraphs 47, 92
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/13 -N46 : paragraph 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -201/13 -N14 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -352/13 -N20 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -350/14 -N21 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/14 -N37 : paragraph 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -632/15 -N35 : paragraph 72
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -24/16 : paragraphs 47, 71, 76, 99
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/16 -N24 : paragraph 88
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -433/16 -N39 : paragraphs 39, 42

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1
  • Interprets : Regulation 6/2002
  • Interprets : Regulation 6/2002 -A20P1LC
  • Interprets : Regulation 6/2002 -A79P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 6/2002 -A82P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 6/2002 -A88P2
  • Interprets : Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 864/2007 -A08P2

Opinion

  • TFEU, Article 67 -P4 : point 35
  • Regulation 40/94 -A93P5 : point 56
  • Regulation 40/94 -A98P1 : point 31
  • Regulation 44/2001 : point 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02P1 : point 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A06PT1 : points 4, 10, 27 - 29, 38, 85
  • Regulation 44/2001 -CH4 : point 36
  • Regulation 6/2002 : points 11, 53, 58, 74, 81
  • Regulation 6/2002 -89P1LD : point 56
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A01P3 : point 13
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A19P1 : points 14, 69
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A20P1 : point 15
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A20P1LC : points 3, 7, 27, 68, 69, 71, 84, 85
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A79P1 : points 4, 16, 27, 28, 38, 85
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P1 : point 17
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A82P5 : point 17
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A83 : point 18
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A88P1 : point 54
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A88P2 : points 19, 41, 46, 47, 54, 60, 62
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1 : points 20, 43
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LC : point 48
  • Regulation 6/2002 -A89P1LD : points 2, 5, 39 - 42, 45, 47, 48, 51, 52, 54, 55, 59, 61, 62, 64 - 66, 85
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C1 : point 33
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C7 : point 75
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C8 : point 76
  • Regulation 6/2002 -C22 : points 12, 37, 43
  • Directive 2005/29 -A05 : point 82
  • Regulation 864/2007 : points 21, 39, 62
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1 : point 63
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A08P1 : point 22
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A08P2 : points 6, 22, 27, 53, 60, 64 - 66, 85
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LA : point 27
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LG : point 27
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C6 : point 62
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C16 : point 63
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C17 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -112/99 -N58 : point 82
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/03 -N29 : point 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -316/05 -N60 : point 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -236/08 -N84 : point 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -235/09 -N33 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/10 -N83 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -616/10 -N23 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -479/12 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/12 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -479/12 -N52 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/13 -N46 : point 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -681/13 -N40 : point 36


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/01/2016

Date of the Opinion

  • 01/03/2017

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

27/09/2017


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 402 from 27.11.2017, p.3

Application: OJ C 145 from 25.04.2016, p.15

Name of the parties

Nintendo

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Kur, Annette: Unionsweite Zuständigkeit in Gemeinschaftsgeschmacksmustersachen, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2017 p.1127-1128 (DE)
  2. Berlin, Dominique: La protection européenne de Super Mario, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2017 nº 42 p.1897 (FR)
  3. Kubis, Sebastian: Die Verletzung unionsweiter Schutzrechte in grenzüberschreitenden "Lieferketten", Zeitschrift für geistiges Eigentum 2017 p.471-490 (DE)
  4. Berthold, Nicolas: Arrêt Nintendo : nouvelle illustration du désamour de la Cour de justice pour le droit des dessins et modèles, Revue de droit intellectuel : l'ingénieur-conseil 2017 p.792-807 (FR)
  5. Nourissat, Cyril: Compétence internationale d'un tribunal des dessins ou modèles communautaires saisi d'une action en contrefaçon, Procédures 2017 nº 11 p. 18 (FR)
  6. Idot, Laurence: Contrefaçon de dessins ou modèles, Europe 2017 novembre nº 11 p.54-55 (FR)
  7. Thiele, Clemens: EuGH: Big Ben’s Glockenschlag oder die designrechtlichen Grenzen für Nintendos Wii®, Österreichisches Recht der Wirtschaft 2018 n° 04 p.2014-2018 (DE)
  8. Andreoletti, Michela Anna: L'utilizzo del disegno e modello ai fini di citazione, Rivista di diritto industriale 2018 n° 2 p. 195-203 (IT)
  9. Krome, Stefanie ; Lüdecke, Hannah S.: Tendenz zur Einheitlichkeit im Deliktsrecht - oder wie das Mosaik zusammengesetzt wird, Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union - GPR 2018 N°4 p.192-196 (DE)
  10. Baksay-Nagy, György: Nintendo v. BigBen – dizájn és joghatóság egy ügyben, Iparjogvédelmi és Szerzői Jogi Szemle 2018 1. szám p.72-82 (HU)
  11. Cornwell, Jane: Nintendo v BigBen and Acacia v Audi; Acacia v Porsche: design exceptions at the CJEU, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice 2019 p.51-61 (EN)
  12. Schulte, Julia: Gemeinsam verzockt: Zuständigkeit und Anknüpfung bei Verletzung eines Gemeinschaftsgeschmacksmusters durch mehrere Schädiger (zu EuGH, 27.9.2017 — Rs. C-24, 25/26 — Nintendo, unten S. 233., Nr.18), Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2019 p.202-208 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf - Germany

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters
  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Designs

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French