Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 18 July 2013

Specsavers International Healthcare Ltd and Others v Asda Stores Ltd

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Court of Appeal (England and Wales) (Civil Division)

Trade marks — Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 — Articles 9(1)(b) and (c), 15(1) and 51(1)(a) — Grounds for revocation — Definition of ‘genuine use’ — Trade mark used together with another trade mark or as part of a ‘compound trade mark’ — Colour or combination of colours in which a trade mark is used — Reputation

Case C‑252/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
23/08/2013 Specsavers International Healthcare and Others
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:497
18/07/2013 Specsavers International Healthcare and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:497
18/07/2013 Specsavers International Healthcare and Others
Application (OJ)
13/07/2012 Specsavers International Healthcare and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Court of Appeal (England and Wales) (Civil Division) – Interpretation of Articles 9(1)(b) and (c), 15 and 51 of Council Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 on the Community trade mark (codified version) – Notion of ‘genuine use’ of a trade mark – Combined use of figurative and word marks which were registered separately – Trade mark registered without claiming a colour, but used with a particular colour to the point of creating an association in the mind of a section of the public between that colour and the mark

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.02 Genuine use of a mark
          4.11.03.03.02.02 Use of the mark in a form differing from the form registered
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 89/104 -A10P2LA : paragraphs 27, 28
  • Regulation 207/2009 : paragraph 22
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A07 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A09P1 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A09P1LB : paragraphs 1, 15, 32, 34, 41, 42, 44, 46, 47, 50
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A09P1LC : paragraphs 1, 12, 15, 32, 39, 41 - 43, 46, 49, 50
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A15P1 : paragraphs 1, 7, 8, 17, 18, 26, 31
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A15P1L2LA : paragraphs 19, 21, 27 - 29, 30
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A51P1LA : paragraphs 1, 17, 18, 31
  • Regulation 207/2009 -C10 : paragraph 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -251/95 : paragraphs 34, 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/97 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -468/01 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -469/01 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -470/01 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -471/01 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -472/01 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -353/03 : paragraph 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -120/04 : paragraphs 34, 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/05 : paragraphs 34, 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -304/06 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -533/06 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -487/07 : paragraphs 39, 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -311/11 : paragraph 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -553/11 : paragraphs 27, 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/12 : paragraph 26

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 207/2009 -A09P1LB
  • Interprets : Regulation 207/2009 -A09P1LC
  • Interprets : Regulation 207/2009 -A15P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 207/2009 -A51P1LA

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 16/05/2012

Date of the Opinion

Information not available

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

18/07/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 227 from 28.07.2012, p.13

Judgment: OJ C 260 from 07.09.2013, p.16

Name of the parties

Specsavers International Healthcare and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Schumacher, Christian: Rechtserhaltende Benutzung des Bildbestandteils einer Marke; Relevanz der Verwendung von Hausfarben für die Verletzungsprüfung, Ecolex 2013 p.898-899 (DE)
  2. Schmüser, Simone L.: Markenrecht: Begriff der „ernsthaften Benutzung“, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2013 p.790-791 (DE)
  3. Gielen, Ch.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 nº 527 (NL)
  4. De Haan, Tanguy: Que protège une marque enregistrée en noir et blanc? , Revue de droit intellectuel : l'ingénieur-conseil 2013 p.486-490 (FR)
  5. Van der Kooij, P.A.C.E.: Twee merken voor de prijs van één, Berichten industriële eigendom 2013 p.313-315 (NL)
  6. Geerts, Paul: Het HvJ EU over normaal in stand houdend merkgebruik in gewijzigde vorm, Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2013 p.400-405 (NL)
  7. Idot, Laurence: Marque communautaire complexe. La Cour précise la jurisprudence Colloseum sur l'utilisation sérieuse des marques complexes, Europe 2013 Octobre Comm. nº 10 p.38 (FR)
  8. Marino, Laure: Chronique de jurisprudence de droit de la propriété intellectuelle (chronique). Arrêt Specsavers : les bonnes lunettes pour examiner l’usage sérieux, Gazette du Palais 2013 nº 303-304 Jur. p.16-17 (FR)
  9. Donath, Guido: Rechtserhaltende Benutzung einer Gemeinschaftsmarke, umfassende Beurteilung der Verwechslungsgefahr/unlauteren Ausnutzung, Österreichische Blätter für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2014 p.32 (DE)
  10. Tochtermann, Lea: Aktuelles Markenrecht: Die Specsavers-Entscheidung des EuGH, Markenrecht 2014 p.494-498 (DE)
  11. Schumacher, Christian: Rechtserhaltende Benutzung des Bildbestandteils einer Marke, Ecolex 2014 p.1074-1075 (DE)
  12. Vida, Sándor: Védjegyváltozatok jogfenntartó hatása, Iparjogvédelmi és Szerzői Jogi Szemle 2014 1.szám p.59-70 (HU)
  13. Büscher, Wolfgang: Die „Specsavers“-Entscheidung im Kontext des nationalen und EU-Markenrechts, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2015 p.305-313 (DE)
  14. Quaedvlieg, Antoon: The ECJ’s „Specsavers” decision and its relation to the registration requirement in trade mark law, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2015 p.314-318 (EN)
  15. Quaedvlieg, Antoon: Merkbeschrming van niet ingeschreven bestanddelen, Berichten industriële eigendom 2016 p.10-17 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Trade marks
  • General and final provisions

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Kokott

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available