Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 16 April 2013

Kingdom of Spain and Italian Republic v Council of the European Union

Unitary patent — Decision authorising enhanced cooperation under Article 329(1) TFEU — Actions for annulment on grounds of lack of competence, misuse of powers and infringement of the Treaties — Conditions laid down in Article 20 TEU and in Articles 326 TFEU and 327 TFEU — Non-exclusive competence — Decision adopted ‘as a last resort’ — Preserving the interests of the Union

Joined Cases C‑274/11 and C‑295/11


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
24/05/2013 Spain and Italy v Council
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:240
16/04/2013 Spain and Italy v Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:240
16/04/2013 Spain and Italy v Council
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2012:782
11/12/2012 Spain and Italy v Council
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2012:436
10/07/2012 Spain and Italy v Council
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2011:880
27/10/2011 Spain and Italy v Council
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2011:711
27/10/2011 Spain and Italy v Council
Application (OJ)
08/07/2011 Spain and Italy v Council
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Annulment of Council Decision 2011/167/EU of 10 March 2011 authorising enhanced cooperation in the area of the creation of unitary patent protection (OJ 2011 L 76, p. 53) Misuse of powers – Failure to respect the judicial system of the European Union

Systematic classification scheme

1.
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.01 Conferring of powers
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.07 Enhanced cooperation
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.06 Unitary patent
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.05 Categories of competence
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.07 Enhanced cooperation
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.06 Unitary patent
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.07 Enhanced cooperation
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.05 Legal acts of the European Union
    2.05.06 Statement of reasons
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.05 Categories of competence
2 Institutional framework of the European Union
  2.07 Enhanced cooperation
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.03 Respective powers and obligations of the European Union and of the Member States
    1.03.05 Categories of competence
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.06 Unitary patent


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 2 -P6 : paragraphs 23, 24
  • TFEU, Article 3 : paragraph 14
  • TFEU, Article 3 -P1 : paragraph 14
  • TFEU, Article 3 -P1LB : paragraphs 20, 22, 24
  • TFEU, Article 4 : paragraph 14
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P2 : paragraphs 19, 25
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P2LA : paragraphs 15, 20
  • TFEU, Article 5 : paragraph 14
  • TFEU, Article 6 : paragraph 14
  • TFEU, Article 26 : paragraph 21
  • TFEU, Article 26 -P1 : paragraph 20
  • TFEU, Article 26 -P2 : paragraph 20
  • TFEU, Article 101 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 102 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 103 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 104 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 105 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 106 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 107 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 108 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 109 : paragraph 24
  • TFEU, Article 114 : paragraph 21
  • TFEU, Article 115 : paragraph 21
  • TFEU, Article 118 : paragraphs 14, 16, 20, 21, 24, 25, 64, 66 - 69, 86
  • TFEU, Article 118 -L1 : paragraph 17
  • TFEU, Article 118 -L2 : paragraphs 18, 27, 28, 34, 37
  • TFEU, Article 326 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 78, 86, 92
  • TFEU, Article 326 -L1 : paragraph 66
  • TFEU, Article 327 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 81, 85, 86, 92
  • TFEU, Article 328 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TFEU, Article 328 -P1L1 : paragraph 83
  • TFEU, Article 329 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TFEU, Article 329 -P1 : paragraphs 89, 90
  • TFEU, Article 330 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TFEU, Article 331 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TFEU, Article 332 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TFEU, Article 333 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TFEU, Article 333 -P1 : paragraphs 35 - 37
  • TFEU, Article 334 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 92
  • TEU, Article 20 : paragraphs 17, 35 - 37, 40, 92
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1 : paragraphs 60, 86
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1L1 : paragraph 25
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1L2 : paragraph 48
  • TEU, Article 20 -P2 : paragraphs 44, 47
  • TEU, Article 20 -P4 : paragraph 68
  • Decision 2011/167 : paragraph 1
  • Decision 2011/167 -C3 : paragraph 55
  • Decision 2011/167 -C4 : paragraph 55
  • Decision 2011/167 -C6 : paragraph 91
  • Decision 2011/167 -C7 : paragraphs 77, 91
  • Decision 2011/167 -C14 : paragraph 84
  • Decision 2011/167 -C16 : paragraph 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -442/04 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Opinion 1/09 : paragraph 88

Operative part

  • Confirms : Decision 2011/167

Opinion

  • EU Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 43 -P1LC : point 110
  • TFEU, Article 1 : point 44
  • TFEU, Article 2 -P1 : point 44
  • TFEU, Article 2 -P6 : point 58
  • TFEU, Article 3 : point 50
  • TFEU, Article 3 -P1 : points 3, 45, 49
  • TFEU, Article 3 -P1LB : points 57, 58, 60
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P1 : points 4, 50
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P2 : points 4, 49
  • TFEU, Article 6 : point 50
  • TFEU, Article 26 : point 56
  • TFEU, Article 81 -P3 : point 86
  • TFEU, Article 86 -P1 : point 115
  • TFEU, Article 87 -P3 : point 115
  • TFEU, Article 101 : points 58, 59
  • TFEU, Article 109 : points 58, 59
  • TFEU, Article 114 : points 63 - 65
  • TFEU, Article 118 : points 53, 61, 66, 123
  • TFEU, Article 118 -L1 : points 137 - 153
  • TFEU, Article 118 -L2 : points 84, 86, 138
  • TFEU, Article 174 : point 150
  • TFEU, Article 263 : point 97
  • TFEU, Article 326 : points 6, 98, 137 - 153
  • TFEU, Article 327 : points 7, 157 - 162
  • TFEU, Article 328 : points 157 - 162
  • TFEU, Article 328 -P1L1 : point 83
  • TFEU, Article 328 -P1L2 : point 83
  • TFEU, Article 329 : point 97
  • TFEU, Article 329 -P1 : point 5
  • TFEU, Article 329 -P1L2 : point 28
  • TFEU, Article 330 : point 8
  • TFEU, Article 330 -L1 : point 86
  • TFEU, Article 330 -L2 : point 86
  • TFEU, Article 352 : points 64, 65
  • TEU, Article 3 -P3 : point 56
  • TEU, Article 5 : point 54
  • TEU, Article 5 -P3 : point 62
  • TEU, Article 20 : points 98, 139
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1 : point 2
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1L1 : points 137 - 153
  • TEU, Article 20 -P1L2 : points 28, 82
  • TEU, Article 20 -P2 : points 2, 113, 116
  • TEU, Article 20 -P4
  • TFEU, Article 4 -P2 : point 46
  • Directive 98/44 : point 55
  • Directive 98/44 -C5 : point 55
  • Directive 2001/29 -C1 : point 55
  • Directive 2001/29 -C3 : point 55
  • Directive 2002/6 -C4 : point 55
  • Decision 2010/405 -C8 : point 86
  • Decision 2011/167 : points 1 - 163
  • Decision 2011/167 -C4 : points 10, 123
  • Decision 2011/167 -C6 : point 11
  • Decision 2011/167 -C16 : point 11
  • European Parliament - Own-Initiative Resolution - 51998IP0257(01) -PT10 : point 111
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52000PC0412 : point 120
  • Commission - SEC Document - 52010SC0796 : point 144
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52011PC0215 : point 99
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52011PC0215 -A01 : point 87
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52011PC0215 -A10 : point 99
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52011PC0216 : point 159
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -24/67 : point 149
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -78/74 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -84/87 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -350/92 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -254/94 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Opinion 1/94 : point 64
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -248/95 : point 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -354/95 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -210/03 : points 29, 142
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/03 : points 63, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -310/04 : point 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -344/04 : point 142
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -442/04 : point 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -326/05 : point 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -412/05 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -425/08 : points 29, 116
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -48/09 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -34/10 : point 55


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 30/05/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 11/12/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

16/04/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 219 from 23.07.2011, p.12 ; OJ C 232 from 06.08.2011, p.21

Judgment: OJ C 164 from 08.06.2013, p.3

Name of the parties

Spain and Italy v Council

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Zeitzmann, Sebastian: Patentrecht: Ermächtigung zur Verstärkten Zusammenarbeit, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2013 p.479-480 (DE)
  2. Bellezza, Marco: Cooperazione rafforzata in materia di brevetto europeo ad effetto unitario, Giurisprudenza italiana 2013 p.1006-1007 (IT)
  3. Simon, Denys: Coopérations renforcées, Europe 2013 Juin Comm. nº 252 p.13-14 (FR)
  4. Blumenröder, Ulrich ; Peto, Julia: The First Decision on the Unitary Patent: the Court Dismissed the Actions of Spain and Italy, European Law Reporter 2013 p.110-117 (EN)
  5. Speyart, H.M.H.: Is er nu eindelijk een Unieoctrooi-pardon: "Europees octrooi met eenheidswerking"?, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2013 p.135-144 (NL)
  6. Dumitraşcu, Augustina: Curtea de Justiție a Uniunii Europene. Hotărârea Curţii de Justiţie Europene din 16 apriliie 2013, cauzele nr. C-274/11 și C-295/11, Curierul Judiciar 2013 p.415-416 (RO)
  7. Rokicka, Karolina: ERA-Forum : scripta iuris europaei 2013 p.440-443 (EN)
  8. Guillard, Christine: Le rejet des recours contre la décision autorisant une coopération renforcée dans le domaine du brevet unitaire : une clarification de la signification des coopérations renforcées, Revue des affaires européennes 2013 p.355+-374 (FR)
  9. Lamping, Matthias: Enhanced Cooperation in the Area of Unitary Patent Protection: Testing the Boundaries of the Rule of Law, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 2013 p.589-600 (EN)
  10. Rugge, Giacomo: Marchi, brevetto, diritto d'autore (brevetto unitario - cooperazione rafforzata), Rivista italiana di diritto pubblico comunitario 2013 p.1168-1170 (IT)
  11. González Saquero, Pablo: Jurisprudencia – Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea, Revista española de Derecho Europeo 2013 nº 47 p.193-230 (ES)
  12. Vatovec, Katarina: Mehanizem okrepljenega sodelovanja pod drobnogledom Sodišča EU, Pravna praksa 2013 nº 20 p.23-24 (SL)
  13. Pistoia, Emanuela: Enhanced cooperation as a tool to ... enhance integration? Spain and Italy v. Council, Common Market Law Review 2014 p.247-260 (EN)
  14. Eduard, Pavel Sorin: Evropska unija: Enotni patentni sistem, Mednarodno poslovno pravo 2014 nº 268 p.10-12 (SL)
  15. Zlatović, Dragan: Novine u europskom patentnom pravu, Hrvatska pravna revija 2015 n° 9 p.32-39 (HR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Closer cooperation
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Patents

Procedure and result

  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on substantive grounds
  • Actions for annulment : dismissal on grounds of inadmissibility

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • Spanish, Italian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French