Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 1 March 2005.

Andrew Owusu v N. B. Jackson, trading as "Villa Holidays Bal-Inn Villas" and Others.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Court of Appeal (England and Wales), Civil Division - United Kingdom.

Brussels Convention - Territorial scope of the Brussels Convention - Article 2 - Jurisdiction - Accident which occurred in a non - Contracting State - Personal injury - Action brought in a Contracting State against a person domiciled in that State and other defendants domiciled in a non - Contracting State - Forum non conveniens - Incompatibility with the Brussels Convention.

Case C-281/02.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
30/04/2005 Owusu
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2005:120
01/03/2005 Owusu
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2005:120
01/03/2005 Owusu
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2004:798
14/12/2004 Owusu
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
28/09/2002 Owusu
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2005 I-01383

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Court of Appeal – Interpretation of the Brussels Convention, in particular Article 2 – Compatibility of a decision by the court of the defendant's domicile to refer the parties to the courts of a Non-Contracting State (forum conveniens) – Case with no connection with another Contracting State

Systematic classification scheme

1.
E Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments
  E-02 Jurisdiction
    E-02.00 General
E Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments
  E-02 Jurisdiction
    E-02.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 1206/2001 : paragraph 23
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A01 : paragraph 10
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A02 : paragraph 18
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05 : paragraph 18
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A18 : paragraph 18
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A24 : paragraphs 9 - 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -143/78 : paragraph 10
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/79 : paragraph 14
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -25/81 : paragraph 10
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -261/90 : paragraph 13
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -295/95 : paragraph 20
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -391/95 : paragraphs 10, 13, 14
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -444/97 : paragraph 19
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/00 : paragraph 19
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -281/02 : paragraph 19

Operative part

  • Interprets : Brussels Convention 1968 -A02

Opinion

  • EEC Treaty (Rome), Article 100 -L1 : point 197
  • EEC Treaty (Rome), Article 220 : points 7, 39, 189
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 61 -LC : points 21, 195
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 65 -LC : point 195
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 67 -P1 : point 21
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 94 : point 196
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 95 : point 197
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 293 : points 7, 219
  • Regulation 1612/68 : point 208
  • Regulation 1408/71 : points 206, 209, 210
  • Regulation 2913/92 : point 205
  • Directive 93/13 : point 204
  • Regulation 259/93 : point 205
  • Directive 95/46 : points 198, 200, 203
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 21, 22, 187, 193, 201 - 204, 213, 278
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : points 201 - 203, 210 - 212, 230
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A02 : points 38, 40, 60 - 70, 73 - 280
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A03 : points 12, 13
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A03L2 : point 227
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A04 : points 123, 125, 172, 235, 236, 259
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A04L1 : point 16
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05P1 : points 93, 99, 241
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A06P2 : points 93, 241
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A08 : point 133
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A13 : point 133
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A16 : points 15, 70, 77, 80, 136 - 139, 245, 256
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A17 : points 15, 40, 102, 140, 256
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A17L1 : points 243, 244
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A18 : points 15, 244
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A19 : points 243, 245
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A21 : points 18, 40, 89, 142, 143, 149, 243, 247, 248
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A22 : points 19, 40, 89, 142, 143, 149, 243, 247, 251 - 256
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A23 : point 89
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A25 : point 142
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A26 : point 142
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A27PT5 : point 154
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A28L1 : point 155
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A31 : point 142
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A59L1 : point 155
  • Additional Right - Measure published in the OJ L series - 41971X0603(03) -A02 : point 54
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A01P1 : points 184, 185
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A02 : point 185
  • Lugano Convention 1988 : points 4, 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -36/74 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -12/76 : points 91, 189
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -21/76 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -9/77 : point 232
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -10/77 : point 232
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -33/78 : point 232
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -56/79 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/79 : point 170
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -38/81 : points 160, 161
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -288/82 : point 232
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -237/83 : point 208
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/84 : point 151
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -300/84 : point 209
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/86 : point 209
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -98/86 : point 197
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/87 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -365/88 : points 91, 128, 260
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -241/89 : point 197
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -351/89 : point 143
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -26/91 : points 127, 170, 171
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/91 : point 127
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/92 : point 160
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -129/92 : points 145, 161
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -288/92 : points 160, 161
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -314/92 : point 2
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -398/92 : point 189
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -318/93 : point 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -415/93 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -87/94 : point 197
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -269/95 : point 127
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -51/97 : point 127
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -440/97 : point 161
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -379/98 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -412/98 : points 54, 62, 65, 127, 136, 170, 171
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/99 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -390/99 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -451/99 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -80/00 : point 161
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -96/00 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/00 : points 160, 161
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/00 : point 160
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/00 : point 197
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/01 : point 200
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -138/01 : point 197
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -139/01 : points 197, 198
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -18/02 : point 160
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -116/02 : points 143, 144, 250
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -159/02 : points 5, 6, 144, 260
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/02 : points 127, 160
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -70/03 : point 204


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 31/07/2002

Date of the Opinion

  • 14/12/2004

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

01/03/2005


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 233 from 28.09.2002, p.16

Judgment: OJ C 106 from 30.04.2005, p.2

Name of the parties

Owusu

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Heinze, Christian A. ; Dutta, Anatol: Ungeschriebene Grenzen für europäische Zuständigkeiten bei Streitigkeiten mit Drittstaatenbezug, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2005 p.224-230
  2. Idot, Laurence: Arrêt de principe sur la portée territoriale de la Convention. La Convention s'applique dans les rapports entre un Etat contractant et un Etat tiers et exclut le jeu de la règle du forum non conveniens, Europe 2005 Mai Comm. nº 189 p.29-30
  3. Palao Moreno, Guillermo: El "forum non conveniens" es incompatible con el Convenio de Bruselas (Comentario a la STJCE, de 1 de marzo de 2005, en el asunto C-281/02, OWUSU), Diario La ley 2005 nº 6306 p.1-5
  4. Bruns, Alexander: Juristenzeitung 2005 p.890-892
  5. Niboyet, Marie-Laure: L'incompatibilité de l'exception du forum non conveniens avec la Convention de Bruxelles du 27 septembre 1968, même dans les relations avec un Etat tiers (l'affaire Owusu), Gazette du Palais 2005 I Jur. p.33-37
  6. Cuniberti, Gilles ; Winkler, Matteo M.: La Cour de justice lit-elle les questions qui lui sont posées par les juges des Etats membres?, Journal du droit international 2005 p.1183-1191
  7. Briggs, Adrian: The Death of Harrods: Forum non conveniens and the European Court, The Law Quarterly Review 2005 p.535-540
  8. Ibili, F.: EEX en forum non conveniens, Weekblad voor privaatrecht, notariaat en registratie 2005 p.23-24
  9. Kostova-Bourgeix, Anna: Revue des affaires européennes 2005 p.307-325
  10. Chalas, Christelle: Revue critique de droit international privé 2005 p.708-722
  11. Weitz, Karol: Wyłączenie stosowania doktryny forum non conveniens w prawie europejskim, Europejski Przegląd Sadowy 2005 Vol.2 p.42-48
  12. Raynouard, Arnaud: Revue de jurisprudence commerciale 2005 p.335-337
  13. Peel, Edwin: Forum non conveniens and European ideals, Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly 2005 p.363-377
  14. Briggs, Adrian: Forum non conveniens and ideal Europeans, Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly 2005 p.378-382
  15. P.S.A.: Armenopoulos 2005 p.592-593
  16. Otero García-Castrillón, Carmen: Jurisprudencia española y comunitaria de Derecho internacional privado, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2005 p.942-946
  17. Huber, Peter ; Stieber, Christoph: Zeitschrift für Zivilprozeß International 2005 Bd. 10 p.285-290
  18. Rauscher, Thomas ; Fehre, Alexander: Das Ende des forum non conveniens unter dem EuGVÜ und der Brüssel I-VO?, Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht 2006 p.463-475
  19. Lupoi, Michele Angelo: L'ultima spiaggia del forum non conveniens in Europa?, Il Corriere giuridico 2006 p.15-21
  20. Duintjer Tebbens, Harry: From Jamaica with Pain. Enkele aantekeningen bij het arrest van 1 maart 2005 van het Hof van Justitie in de zaak Owusu, Crossing borders : essays in European and private international law, nationality law and Islamic law in honour of Frans van der Velden (Ed. Kluwer - Deventer) 2006 p.95-103
  21. Courbe, Patrick ; Jault, Fabienne: Conflit de juridictions. Compétence des tribunaux français. Règles communautaires, Recueil Le Dalloz 2006 Pan. p.1499-1503
  22. Nadaud, Marion: L'incompatibilité de l'exception de forum non conveniens avec la Convention de Bruxelles de 1968 (A propos de l'arrêt Owusu rendu par la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes le 1er mars 2005), Revue de jurisprudence commerciale 2006 p.220-228
  23. Cuniberti, Gilles ; Winkler, Matteo M.: Forum non conveniens e Convenzione di Bruxelles: il caso Owusu dinanzi alla Corte di giustizia, Diritto del commercio internazionale 2006 p.3-24
  24. Ballarino, Tito: I limiti territoriali della Convenzione di Bruxelles secondo la sentenza Owusu, Il Corriere giuridico 2006 p.93-96
  25. Rodger, Barry J.: Forum Non Conveniens Post-Owusu, Journal of Private International Law 2006 Vol.2 p.71-97
  26. De Cristofaro, Marco: L'incompatibilità del forum non conveniens con il sistema comunitario della giurisdizione: davvero l'ultima parola?, Rivista di diritto processuale 2006 p.1381-1396
  27. Tagaras, Haris: Chronique de jurisprudence de la Cour de justice relative à la Convention de Bruxelles. Années judiciaires 2004-2005 et 2005-2006, Cahiers de droit européen 2006 p.507-514
  28. Franzina, Pietro: Le condizioni di applicabilità del regolamento (CE) n. 44/2001 alla luce del parere 1/03 della Corte di giustizia, Rivista di diritto internazionale 2006 p.948-977
  29. Holtskog Olebakken, Ingeborg B.: Internasjonal sivilprosess - to dommer om verneting etter Brusselkonvensjonen og betydningen for norsk rett, Lov og rett 2006 nr 8-9 p.561-569
  30. Vlas, P.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2007 nº 369
  31. Bandera, Manuela: La sentenza Owusu, il forum non conveniens e i conflitti di giurisdizione tra Stati membri e Stati terzi, Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale 2007 p.1025-1052
  32. Romano, Gian Paolo: Le principe de sécurité juridique à l'épreuve des arrêts Gasser et Owusu, Cahiers de droit européen 2008 p.175-210
  33. Weber, Johannes: Rechtshängigkeit und Drittstaatenbezug im Spiegel der EuGVVO, Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 2009 p.620-625
  34. Bonfanti, Angelica: Diritti umani e imprese multinazionali dinanzi ai giudici europei: sulla revisione del regolamento (CE) n.44/2001, Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale 2011 p.697-720
  35. Illmer, Martin: Englische anti-suit injunctions in Drittstaatensachverhalten: zum kombinierten Effekt der Entscheidungen des EuGH in Owusu, Turner und West Tankers, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2011 p.514-520



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968
  • - Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968 - Jurisdiction

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Schintgen

Advocate General

Léger

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French