Judgment of the Court (Sixth Chamber) of 27 November 2003.

Shield Mark BV v Joost Kist h.o.d.n. Memex.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hoge Raad der Nederlanden - Netherlands.

Trade marks - Approximation of laws - Directive 89/104/EEC - Article 2 - Signs of which a trade mark may consist - Signs capable of being represented graphically - Sound signs - Musical notation - Written description - Onomatopoeia.

Case C-283/01.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
24/01/2004 Shield Mark
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2003:641
27/11/2003 Shield Mark
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2003:641
27/11/2003 Shield Mark
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2003:197
03/04/2003 Shield Mark
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2003 I-14313

Subject-matter

Interpretation of First Council Directive 89/104/EEC to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks, in particular Article 2 thereof ─ signs capable of constituting a trade mark ─ signs consisting of sounds or noises ─ form of graphical representation which may be required.

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws
    B-11.07 Harmonisation of trade mark law
      B-11.07.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-11 Approximation of laws
    B-11.07 Harmonisation of trade mark law
      B-11.07.01 Absolute grounds for refusal


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 234 : paragraphs 51 - 53
  • Directive 89/104 : paragraphs 3, 4, 35, 39
  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : paragraphs 1, 5, 34 - 41, 55 - 64
  • Directive 89/104 -A03 : paragraph 6
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 : paragraphs 34, 35, 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -415/93 : paragraphs 51, 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -111/01 : paragraph 53

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 89/104 -A02

Opinion

  • Directive 89/104 -C1 : point 19
  • Directive 89/104 -C3 : point 19
  • Directive 89/104 -C4 : points 19, 26
  • Directive 89/104 -C5 : point 19
  • Directive 89/104 -A01 : point 26
  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : points 1, 14 - 47
  • Directive 89/104 -A05 : point 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 : points 2, 16, 17, 27, 29, 40
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -273/00 : points 26 - 28, 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/01 : point 2
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -206/01 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -108/97 : point 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -299/99 : point 51


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 18/07/2001

Date of the Opinion

  • 03/04/2003

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

27/11/2003


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 275 from 29.09.2001, p.7

Judgment: OJ C 21 from 24.01.2004, p.4

Name of the parties

Shield Mark

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Schenk, Maximilian: Die grafische Darstellung von Hörzeichen als Gemeinschaftsmarken, European Law Reporter 2004 p.27-31 (DE)
  2. Hollweg, Carsten: EuGH macht Vorgaben für den Schutz von Hörmarken - Das illustre Geschäft mit Markenanmeldungen, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2004 p.97 (DE)
  3. X: Il Foro italiano 2004 IV Col.371-373 (IT)
  4. Kucsko, Guido: Grafische Darstellbarkeit eines Hörzeichens, Österreichische Blätter für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2004 p.138 (DE)
  5. Schmechel, Adrian: Kikeriki, Cocorico, Kukelekuu ... Sind Lautmalereien markenrechtsfähig?, Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht 2004 p.1102-1104 (DE)
  6. Luby, Monique: La Semaine juridique - édition générale 2004 I 159, p.1525 (FR)
  7. Luby, Monique: Droit européen des affaires. Les politiques communes, Revue trimestrielle de droit commercial et de droit économique 2004 p.389-390 (FR)
  8. Lewalter, Ivo: Akustische Marken, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2006 p.546-548 (DE)
  9. Schmitz, Stefan D.: Zur grafischen Darstellbarkeit von Hörmarken: EuGH contra Freiheit des markenrechtlichen Schutzes, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2007 p.290-292 (DE)
  10. Gondek, Maroš: Nové druhy ochranných známok, Justičná revue 2015 nº 1 p.128-134 (SK)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Hoge Raad der Nederlanden - Netherlands

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Trade marks

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

sixième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Macken

Advocate General

Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Spanish