Judgment of the Court (First Chamber), 6 November 2012..

European Commission v Hungary

Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations — Social policy — Equal treatment in employment and occupation — Directive 2000/78/EC — Articles 2 and 6(1) — National scheme requiring compulsory retirement of judges, prosecutors and notaries on reaching the age of 62 — Legitimate objectives justifying a difference in treatment vis-à-vis workers under the age of 62 — Proportionality of the duration of the transitional period

Case C‑286/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
14/12/2012 Commission v Hungary
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2012:687
06/11/2012 Commission v Hungary
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2012:687
06/11/2012 Commission v Hungary
View
ECLI:EU:C:2012:602
02/10/2012 Commission v Hungary
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2012:469
13/07/2012 Commission v Hungary
Application (OJ)
06/07/2012 Commission v Hungary
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Failure of a State to fulfil its obligations – Breach of Articles 2 and 6(1) of Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (OJ 2000 L 303, p. 16) – National rules requiring termination of the service of judges, prosecutors and notaries public on reaching the age of 62 – No legitimate purpose justifying that difference of treatment compared with workers under 62 – Disproportionate nature of the transitional period (one year)

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.01 Actions for failure to fulfil obligations
    3.01.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.14 Social policy
    4.14.01 Equality and non-discrimination
      4.14.01.01 General framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (Directive 2000/78)
        4.14.01.01.01 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of age
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.14 Social policy
    4.14.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 2000/78 -A02P1 : paragraphs 3, 51, 54
  • Directive 2000/78 -A02P2 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2000/78 -A02P2LA : paragraphs 51, 54
  • Directive 2000/78 -A06P1 : paragraphs 3, 58
  • Directive 2000/78 -A06P1L1 : paragraphs 55, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -209/02 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -388/07 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -88/08 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -45/09 : paragraph 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -447/09 : paragraphs 48, 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -159/10 : paragraphs 50, 58, 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -565/10 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -141/11 : paragraphs 55, 58

Operative part

  • Reference : Directive 2000/78 -A02
  • Reference : Directive 2000/78 -A06P1

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/06/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 02/10/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

06/11/2012


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 217 from 21.07.2012, p.14

Judgment: OJ C 9 from 12.01.2013, p.22

Name of the parties

Commission v Hungary

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Dubout, Edouard: Abaissement de la limite d'âge des juges en Hongrie - La Cour de justice refuse de sonner la retraite, Revue des affaires européennes 2012 p.847-856 (FR)
  2. Tinç, Mehmet: Jurisprudence de la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne en matière de droits fondamentaux, L'Europe des libertés: revue d'actualité juridique 2012 nº 39/40 p.66 (FR)
  3. Driguez, Laetitia: Limite d'âge des juges, procureurs et notaires en Hongrie, Europe 2013 Janvier Comm. nº 1 p.45-46 (FR)
  4. Colla, Anne-France ; Gosseries, Axel: Discrimination par l'âge et droit transitoire. Réflexions à partir de Commission c. Hongrie (C-286/12), Journal des tribunaux du travail 2013 p.69-81 (FR)
  5. Moizard, Nicolas: Discrimination en raison de l'âge et mise à la retraite d'office de magistrats hongrois, Revue de droit du travail 2013 p.111-113 (FR)
  6. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 nº 169 (NL)
  7. Lhernould, Jean-Philippe: L'actualité de la jurisprudence européenne et internationale. Des limites aux réformes visant à abaisser l'âge de mise à la retraite, Revue de jurisprudence sociale 2013 p.164-165 (FR)
  8. Rebhahn, Robert: Altersdiskriminierung durch Herabsetzung des Pensionsalters, Wirtschaftsrechtliche Blätter 2013 p.26 (DE)
  9. De Waele, H.: De Commissie-Hongarijeconfrontatie. Van vervroegd pensioen, leeftijdsdiscriminatie en rechterlijke onafhankelijkheid, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2013 p.219-223 (NL)
  10. Vincze, Attila: Der EuGH als Hüter der ungarischen Verfassung - Anmerkung zum Urteil des EuGH v. 6.11.2012, Rs. EUGH 2012-11-06 Aktenzeichen C-286/12 (Kommission/Ungarn), Europarecht 2013 p.323-333 (DE)
  11. Vincze, Attila: The ECJ as the Guardian of the Hungarian Constitution: Case C-286/12 Commission v. Hungary, European Public Law 2013 p.489-500 (EN)
  12. Joussen, Jacob: Gleichbehandlung / Richter / Staatsanwälte, Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht 2013 p.283-287 (DE)
  13. Belavusau, Uladzislau: On age discrimination and beating dead dogs: Commission v. Hungary, Common Market Law Review 2013 p.1145-1160 (EN)
  14. Hős, Nikolett ; Gyulavári, Tamás: Retirement of Hungarian Judges, Age Discrimination and Judicial Independence: A Tale of Two Courts, Industrial Law Journal 2013 p.289-297 (EN)
  15. Langhendries, Els ; Marocchi, Nilde: Tijdschrift voor bestuurswetenschappen en publiekrecht 2013 p.600-602 (NL)
  16. Delzangles, Béatrice: Les affaires hongroises ou la disparition de la valeur « intégration » dans la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2013 p.201 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties
  • Social policy

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Tizzano

Advocate General

Kokott

Language(s) of the Case

  • Hungarian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German