Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 8 April 2014

European Commission v Hungary

Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations — Directive 95/46/EC — Protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data — Article 28(1) — National supervisory authorities — Independence — National legislation prematurely bringing to an end the term served by the supervisory authority — Creation of a new supervisory authority and appointment of another person as head of that authority

Case C‑288/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
16/05/2014 Commission v Hungary
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:237
08/04/2014 Commission v Hungary
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:237
08/04/2014 Commission v Hungary
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2013:816
10/12/2013 Commission v Hungary
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2013:4
08/01/2013 Commission v Hungary
Application (OJ)
13/07/2012 Commission v Hungary
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Failure to fulfill obligations – Infringement of Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, p 31.) – Obligation of Member States to provide that the implementation of the provisions adopted pursuant to the Directive is monitored by one or more public authorities exercising incomplete dependence the functions entrusted to them – Adoption of national legislation ending the six year term of the data protection supervisor before its expiry – Creation of a national authority for data protection and freedom of information – Appointment for a term of nine years of a person other than the data protection supervisor as president of that authority

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.01 Actions for failure to fulfil obligations
    3.01.00 General
3 Legal proceedings
  3.01 Actions for failure to fulfil obligations
    3.01.03 Defences
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Protection of personal data


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 -P3 : paragraph 47
  • TFEU, Article 16 -P2 : paragraph 47
  • TFEU, Article 258 : paragraph 64
  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraph 64
  • Directive 95/46 : paragraphs 1, 49, 61 - 64
  • Directive 95/46 -A28 : paragraphs 3, 50
  • Directive 95/46 -A28P1L2 : paragraphs 47, 51 - 53, 55, 59, 60
  • Directive 95/46 -C62 : paragraphs 2, 48
  • Regulation 45/2001 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 45/2001 -A42 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 45/2001 -A42P4 : paragraph 56
  • Regulation 45/2001 -A42P5 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -178/05 : paragraph 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -518/07 : paragraphs 48, 51, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/10 : paragraph 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -614/10 : paragraphs 48, 51 - 54

Operative part

  • Reference : Directive 95/46

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 100A : point 3
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 -P3 : point 65
  • TFEU, Article 16 -P2 : point 65
  • TFEU, Article 258 : point 50
  • TFEU, Article 260 : point 41
  • TFEU, Article 267 : point 74
  • TEU, Article 4 -P3 : point 43
  • Directive 95/46 : points 1, 3, 81, 82
  • Directive 95/46 -A28 : points 65, 79, 81
  • Directive 95/46 -A28P1 : points 5, 86
  • Directive 95/46 -A28P1L2 : points 1, 2, 45, 47, 51, 65 - 70, 74, 88, 89
  • Directive 95/46 -C62 : point 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -448/71 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -314/81 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -103/88 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -362/90 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -101/91 : points 42, 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -367/93 : point 86
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -197/94 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/97 : point 86
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/98 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Order C -17/98 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -173/01 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/02 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -114/02 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -53/03 : point 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -506/04 : point 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -178/05 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -284/05 : points 86, 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -475/07 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -518/07 : points 2, 51, 65 - 69, 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -517/09 : point 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -553/10 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -614/10 : points 2, 51, 65 - 67, 69, 74, 89


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/06/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 10/12/2013

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

08/04/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 175 from 10.06.2014, p.6

Application: OJ C 227 from 28.07.2012, p.15

Name of the parties

Commission v Hungary

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Picod, Fabrice: Cessation anticipée des fonctions et atteinte à l'indépendance, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2014 nº 15 p.857 (FR)
  2. Costes, Lionel: Protection des données : violation par la Hongrie du droit de l'Union, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2014 nº 104 p.46-47 (FR)
  3. Gazin, Fabienne: Protection des données personnelles, Europe 2014 Juin nº 6 p.17-18 (FR)
  4. Szabó, Máté Dániel ; Hidvégi, Fanny: Két ítélet és végrehajtásuk - Az Európai Bíróságnak az adatvédelmi biztosról és az adatmegőrzésről szóló ítéletei és azok utóélete Magyarországon, Fundamentum : az emberijogok folyóirata 2014 4. szám p.69-82 (HU)
  5. Csatlós, Erzsébet: Az Európai Bíróság ítelete az adatvédelmi ombudsman tisztségének megszüntetéséről – A független felügyelő hatóság kérdése, Jogesetek Magyarázata 2015 nº 3 p.69-74 (HU)
  6. Forgács, Nóra: A független ellenőzrző szervek függetlenségének kritériumai és fogalmi bizonytalansága a magyar alkotmányos gyakorlatban és az európai joggyakorlatban, Európai jog 2015 2. szám p.20-29 (HU)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Fundamental rights
  • Data protection

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Jarašiūnas

Advocate General

Wathelet

Language(s) of the Case

  • Hungarian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French