Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber) of 15 February 2007.

Eirini Lechouritou and Others v Dimosio tis Omospondiakis Dimokratias tis Germanias.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Efeteio Patron - Greece.

Brussels Convention - First sentence of the first paragraph of Article 1 - Scope - Civil and commercial matters - Meaning - Action for compensation brought in a Contracting State, by the successors of the victims of war massacres, against another Contracting State on account of acts perpetrated by its armed forces.

Case C-292/05.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
14/04/2007 Lechouritou and Others
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Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2007:102
15/02/2007 Lechouritou and Others
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2007:102
15/02/2007 Lechouritou and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2006:700
08/11/2006 Lechouritou and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
01/10/2005 Lechouritou and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2007 I-01519

Subject-matter

Interpretation of Article 1 of the Brussels Convention – Scope of the Convention – Action brought by the victims of war massacres against a Contracting State as being liable for the acts of its armed forces in wartime.

Systematic classification scheme

1.
E Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments
  E-01 Scope
    E-01.01 Civil and commercial matters


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Treaty of Nice 2001 - Protocol on the Statute of the Court of Justice -A16L3 : paragraphs 19 - 21
  • Regulation 805/2004 -A02P1 : paragraph 45
  • Regulation 1896/2006 -A02P1 : paragraph 45
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A01 : paragraphs 1, 3, 16
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A01L1 : paragraphs 27, 28, 33, 39, 46
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A02 : paragraph 5
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A03L1 : paragraph 6
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05 : paragraph 8
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05PT3 : paragraphs 40, 42
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05PT4 : paragraphs 40, 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/76 : paragraphs 29 - 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -814/79 : paragraphs 29 - 31, 33, 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -172/91 : paragraphs 31, 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -309/97 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -17/98 : paragraph 18
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/00 : paragraphs 30, 31, 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/00 : paragraphs 29 - 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/01 : paragraphs 29 - 31, 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -265/02 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -309/02 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -308/04 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -343/04 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -292/05 : paragraph 37

Operative part

  • Interprets : Brussels Convention 1968 -A01L1

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 20/07/2005

Date of the Opinion

  • 08/11/2006

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

15/02/2007


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 243 from 01.10.2005, p.8

Judgment: OJ C 82 from 14.04.2007, p.5

Name of the parties

Lechouritou and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Dutta, Anatol: Zeitschrift für Zivilprozeß International 2006 Bd. 11 p.208-220 (DE)
  2. Kutenič, Viliam: Čo znamená pojem ,,občianska vec" vo vzťahu k Bruselskému dohovoru o jurisdikcii a výkone rozhodnutí v občianskych a obchodných veciach?, Justičná revue : casopis pre právnu prax. Príloha 2007 p.255-256 (SK)
  3. Conti, Roberto ; Foglia, Raffaele: Convenzione di Bruxelles, crimini di guerra e "materia civile", Il Corriere giuridico 2007 p.572-574 (IT)
  4. Sáenz de Santamaría, Paz Andrés: Reparaciones de guerra, actos iure imperii y Convenio de Bruselas. A propósito de la STJCE de 15 de febrero de 2007 en el asunto Lechouritou y otros C. República Federal de Alemania, Diario La ley 2007 nº 6746 p.1-6 (ES)
  5. Wittwer, Alexander: Schadenersatzklagen gegen Staaten unterliegen nicht dem EuGVÜ, European Law Reporter 2007 p.199-200 (DE)
  6. Armone, G. ; Gandini, F.: Il Foro italiano 2007 IV Col.262-264 (IT)
  7. Idot, Laurence: Faits de guerre et prérogatives de puissance publique, Europe 2007 Avril Comm. nº 125 p.32 (FR)
  8. Bříza, Petr: Soudní dvůr Evropských společenství: Lechouritou - žaloby na náhradu škody způsobené ozbrojenými silami v rámci válečných operací nespadají do působnosti Bruselské úmluvy, Soudní rozhledy : mesícník ceské, zahranicní a evropské judikatury : nová soudní rozhodnutí vydávaná redakcí casopisu Právní rozhledy ve spoluprác jednotlivymi soudci 2007 p.242-247 (CS)
  9. Balsamo, Antonio: Le corti europee e la responsabilità degli stati per i danni da operazioni belliche: Inter arma silent leges?, Cassazione penale 2007 p.2186-2199 (IT)
  10. Feraci, Ornella: La sentenza Lechouritou e l'ambito di applicazione ratione materiae della convenzione di Bruxelles del 27 settembre 1968, Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale 2007 p.657-674 (IT)
  11. Lyons, Carole: The persistence of memory: the Lechouritou case and history before the European Court of Justice, European Law Review 2007 p.563-581 (EN)
  12. Ryngaert, C.: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2007 p.308-309 (NL)
  13. Leandro, Antonio: Limiti materiali del regolamento (CE) n. 44/2001 e immunità degli Stati esteri dalla giurisdizione: il caso Lechouritou, Rivista di diritto internazionale 2007 p.759-772 (IT)
  14. Koutsangelou, G.: Evropaion Politeia 2007 p.644-648 (EL)
  15. Stürner, Michael: Unanwendbarkeit des EuGVÜ auf acta iure imperii: Anmerkung zu EuGH, Urteil vom 15.2.2007, C-292/05 - Lechouritou u.a./Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2007 p.300-302 (DE)
  16. Spiegel, Judith: Immuniteit over de boeg van het materieel toepassingsgebied?, Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht 2007 p.340-345 (NL)
  17. Requejo Isidro, Marta: Transnational human rights claims against a State in the European Area of Freedom, Justice and Security. A view on ECJ judgment, 15 February 2007 - C-292/05 - Lechouritou, and some recent Regulations, The European Legal Forum 2007 p.I-206-I-210 (EN)
  18. Geimer, Reinhold: Los Desastres de la Guerra und das Brüssel I-System, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2008 p.225-227 (DE)
  19. Taccola, Chiara: Ubi jus imperii, reparatio cessat, Rivista italiana di diritto pubblico comunitario 2008 p.589-608 (IT)
  20. Vlas, P.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2008 nº 618 (NL)
  21. Martín Burgos, Juan Antonio: Inmunidades jurisdiccionales de los estados, normas internacionales, de la Unión Europea y derechos humanos (de nuevo sobre el asunto C-292/05 ”Distomo”, Eirini Lechouritou y otros c. gobierno de la República Federal de Alemania), Libro homenaje a Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer 2011 p.67-83 (ES)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Efeteio Patron (Cour d'appel de Patras) - Greece

Subject-matter

  • Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Schintgen

Advocate General

Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer

Language(s) of the Case

  • Greek

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Spanish