Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 19 March 2019

Bashar Ibrahim and Others v Bundesrepublik Deutschland and Bundesrepublik Deutschland v Taus Magamadov

Requests for a preliminary ruling from the Bundesverwaltungsgericht

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Area of freedom, security and justice — Common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection — Directive 2013/32/EU — Article 33(2)(a) — Rejection by the authorities of a Member State of an application for asylum as being inadmissible because of the prior granting of subsidiary protection in another Member State — Article 52 — Scope ratione temporis of that directive — Articles 4 and 18 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Systemic flaws in the asylum procedure in that other Member State — Systematic rejection of applications for asylum — Substantial risk of suffering inhuman or degrading treatment — Living conditions of those granted subsidiary protection in that other State

Joined Cases C-297/17, C-318/17, C-319/17 and C-438/17


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2019:342
30/04/2019 Ibrahim
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2019:219
19/03/2019 Ibrahim
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:617
25/07/2018 Ibrahim
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
01/09/2017 Ibrahim
View pdf documents
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2017:561
14/07/2017 Ibrahim
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.04 Prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.18 Right to asylum
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 1 : paragraphs 4, 83
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 4 : paragraphs 1, 5, 45, 81, 83, 87, 89, 92 - 94, 101
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 18 : paragraphs 1, 6, 96, 97, 99
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : paragraph 7
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 51 -P1 : paragraph 8
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P3 : paragraphs 9, 89
  • TFEU, Article 78 : paragraphs 96, 97
  • TEU, Article 2 : paragraph 83
  • Regulation 343/2003 : paragraphs 17, 42, 56, 70, 72 - 75
  • Regulation 343/2003 -A01 : paragraph 18
  • Regulation 343/2003 -A02LC : paragraph 18
  • Directive 2005/85 : paragraphs 21, 30, 31, 50, 62, 65, 71
  • Directive 2005/85 -A01 : paragraph 22
  • Directive 2005/85 -A02LB : paragraph 22
  • Directive 2005/85 -A25 : paragraph 23
  • Directive 2005/85 -A25P1 : paragraph 72
  • Directive 2005/85 -A25P2LA : paragraph 58
  • Directive 2005/85 -A53L1 : paragraph 59
  • Directive 2011/95 : paragraphs 24, 25, 76, 95, 97, 99
  • Directive 2011/95 -A02 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 2011/95 -A02LH : paragraph 18
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04P3 : paragraphs 12, 98
  • Directive 2011/95 -A09 : paragraph 13
  • Directive 2011/95 -A10 : paragraph 13
  • Directive 2011/95 -A13 : paragraphs 14, 98
  • Directive 2011/95 -A20 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A21 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A22 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A23 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A24 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A25 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A26 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A27 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A28 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A29 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A30 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A31 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A32 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A33 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A34 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -A35 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH2 : paragraphs 11, 101
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH3 : paragraph 101
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH5 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH6 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH7 : paragraphs 81, 92
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A105P1 : paragraph 55
  • Directive 2013/32 : paragraphs 21, 97
  • Directive 2013/32 -A01 : paragraph 24
  • Directive 2013/32 -A02LB : paragraph 25
  • Directive 2013/32 -A10P2 : paragraph 26
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33 : paragraphs 27, 59
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33P1 : paragraphs 72, 73, 76, 77
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33P2 : paragraphs 76, 77
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33P2LA : paragraphs 1, 43, 45, 53, 56, 57, 67, 69 - 71, 73 - 75, 79 - 82, 85, 92, 96, 100, 101
  • Directive 2013/32 -A40P2 : paragraph 28
  • Directive 2013/32 -A40P3 : paragraphs 28, 95
  • Directive 2013/32 -A40P4 : paragraph 28
  • Directive 2013/32 -A51P1 : paragraphs 29, 59, 61
  • Directive 2013/32 -A52L1 : paragraphs 1, 30, 45, 53, 56, 60 - 67, 69, 70, 74
  • Directive 2013/32 -A53L1 : paragraph 31
  • Directive 2013/32 -A54L1 : paragraph 32
  • Directive 2013/32 -N2PARTB : paragraph 31
  • Regulation 604/2013 : paragraphs 17, 38, 45, 71 - 73, 75 - 78, 80
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A01 : paragraph 18
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A02LB : paragraph 18
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A18P1LD : paragraph 19
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A26 : paragraph 79
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A49 : paragraphs 20, 56, 70, 74
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A49L2 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/16 -N71 : paragraph 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/16 -N72 : paragraph 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/16 -N73 : paragraph 66
  • Court of Justice - Order C -36/17 -N39 : paragraph 79
  • Court of Justice - Order C -36/17 -N41 : paragraph 79
  • Court of Justice - Order C -297/17 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Order C -438/17 : paragraph 55

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 343/2003
  • Interprets : Directive 2013/32 -A33
  • Interprets : Directive 2013/32 -A33P2LA
  • Interprets : Directive 2013/32 -A52L1
  • Interprets : Regulation 604/2013 -A49

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 1 : points 7, 71
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 4 : points 1, 8, 24, 66, 67, 71, 75, 78, 80, 87, 89 - 91, 93, 98, 99, 101, 106, 123
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 18 : points 102, 113, 116, 120, 123
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : point 110
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 51 -P1 : points 9, 86
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P3 : points 10, 71
  • TFEU, Article 78 : points 102, 109
  • TFEU, Article 78 -P1 : point 109
  • TFEU, Article 78 -P2 : point 109
  • TFEU, Article 258 : point 101
  • TFEU, Article 288 : point 88
  • TEU, Article 5 -P3 : point 97
  • Directive 2003/9 : point 76
  • Regulation 343/2003 : point 65
  • Directive 2005/85 : point 53
  • Directive 2005/85 -A03P3 : point 43
  • Directive 2005/85 -A05 : point 55
  • Directive 2005/85 -A25P2 : point 31
  • Directive 2005/85 -A25P2LA : points 43, 46, 47, 54
  • Directive 2005/85 -A53 : point 48
  • Directive 2008/115 -A06P2 : point 107
  • Directive 2011/95 : points 12, 88, 100, 115
  • Directive 2011/95 -A03 : point 109
  • Directive 2011/95 -A15 : point 105
  • Directive 2011/95 -A20 : points 1, 24, 66, 98, 101, 116, 123
  • Directive 2011/95 -A24 : point 109
  • Directive 2011/95 -A26 : point 94
  • Directive 2011/95 -A27 : point 94
  • Directive 2011/95 -A29 : point 109
  • Directive 2011/95 -A29P2 : point 94
  • Directive 2011/95 -A30 : point 94
  • Directive 2011/95 -A32 : point 95
  • Directive 2011/95 -C41 : point 99
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH3 : point 109
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH5 : point 109
  • Directive 2011/95 -CH7 : points 96, 97
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A105P1 : points 37, 38
  • Directive 2013/32 : points 34, 61, 104
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33 : points 11, 48, 106
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33P1 : points 57, 64, 65, 123
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33P2 : points 65, 122, 123
  • Directive 2013/32 -A33P2LA : points 1, 3, 23, 24, 32, 35, 44 - 47, 54, 57 - 61, 63, 64, 66, 67, 84, 87, 92, 93, 98, 99, 101, 102, 108, 114, 118, 120, 123
  • Directive 2013/32 -A40 : point 12
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46 : point 110
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46P1LAPT1 : points 110, 119
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46P2L2 : point 111
  • Directive 2013/32 -A51P1 : points 13, 48
  • Directive 2013/32 -A52L1 : points 14, 35, 43, 48, 49, 51 - 57, 59 - 61, 123
  • Directive 2013/32 -A52P1 : points 1, 3, 24
  • Directive 2013/32 -A54 : point 59
  • Regulation 604/2013 : points 24, 57, 65
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A03P2L2 : points 77, 79
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A49 : points 35, 61, 123
  • Regulation 604/2013 -A49L2 : point 121
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52009PC0554 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 : points 74 - 77, 83, 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N64 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N65 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N66 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N67 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N68 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N69 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N78 : points 72, 88, 113
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N79 : points 72, 88, 114
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N80 : points 72, 88
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N81 : point 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N82 : points 77, 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -411/10 -N84 : points 77, 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -239/14 : point 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -695/15 : point 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 : points 78, 79, 81, 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 -N59 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 -N60 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 -N67 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 -N68 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 -N71 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/16 -N93 : point 80
  • Court of Justice - Order C -36/17 : point 63


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 23/05/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 25/07/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

19/03/2019


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 309 from 18.09.2017, p.20

Name of the parties

Ibrahim

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Hillary, L.: Dublinverordening. Materiële deprivatie na vergunningverlening in andere lidstaat aanleiding voor niet toepassen wederzijds vertrouwensbeginsel, Administratiefrechtelijke beslissingen ; Rechtspraak bestuursrecht 2019 nº 18 p.01362-1363 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Bundesverwaltungsgericht - Germany

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Border checks
  • - asylum policy

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling
  • Reference for a preliminary ruling : case not proceeding to judgment

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Wathelet

Language(s) of the Case

  • German

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French