Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 23 October 2014

flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines AS v Starptautiskā lidosta Rīga VAS and Air Baltic Corporation AS

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Augstākās Tiesas Senāts

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 — Article 31 — Request for recognition and enforcement of a judgment ordering provisional or protective measures — Article 1(1) — Scope — Civil and commercial matters — Concept — Claim for compensation in respect of damage resulting from alleged infringements of EU competition law — Reductions in airport charges — Article 22(2) — Exclusive jurisdiction — Concept — Dispute in proceedings concerning companies or other legal persons or associations of natural or legal persons — Decision granting reductions — Article 34(1) — Grounds for refusal of recognition — Public policy in the State in which recognition is sought

Case C‑302/13


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
21/11/2014 flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2319
23/10/2014 flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2319
23/10/2014 flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2014:2046
03/07/2014 flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
19/07/2013 flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Request for a preliminary ruling  Augstākās tiesas Senāts – Interpretation of Articles 1, 22(2), 34(1) and 35(1) of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ 2001 L 12, p. 1) – Scope of the regulation – Recognition of provisional, including protective, measures – Concept of public order – Action for compensation for damage resulting from an unlawful agreement and the abuse of a dominant position based on the application of legislative acts – Acta iure imperii – Possibility of classifying those agreements as decisions of the organs of a company – Obligation of the executing court to verify of its own motion the conditions of exclusive jurisdiction – Doubt as to the recovery of damages causes by the protective measures in the event of the application being rejected on the substance – Impact on economic interests and threat to the security of the recognising State

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 24 - 26
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : paragraph 1
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : paragraphs 4, 23, 31, 38
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3 : paragraphs 5, 27
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT4 : paragraphs 5, 27
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22PT2 : paragraphs 1, 22, 39 - 42
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A31 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A33 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34 : paragraphs 7, 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT1 : paragraphs 1, 22, 44, 46, 47, 49, 56, 58, 59
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35 : paragraphs 7, 39, 46
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35P1 : paragraphs 1, 10, 22, 43
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A36 : paragraphs 7, 11, 48
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A37 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A45P2 : paragraphs 11, 48
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C6 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C7 : paragraphs 3, 27
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C16 : paragraphs 3, 45
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C17 : paragraphs 3, 45
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : paragraph 3
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : paragraphs 25, 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/92 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/98 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -38/98 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/01 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -372/07 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 : paragraphs 24, 31, 37, 46, 48, 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -139/10 : paragraphs 45, 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -619/10 : paragraphs 51, 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -288/11 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -645/11 : paragraphs 26, 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/12 : paragraphs 25, 26, 28, 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -387/12 : paragraph 24
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -548/12 : paragraph 25
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -302/13 : paragraphs 36, 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -1/13 : paragraph 24

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A01
  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A22PT2
  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT1

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 10 : point 41
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 81 : points 3, 41, 45, 46, 48, 51, 52
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 81 -P2 : points 60 - 62
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 82 : points 3, 41, 47, 48, 51, 52
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 -P2 : points 77, 80
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P3 : point 77
  • TFEU, Article 101 : point 3
  • TFEU, Article 102 : point 3
  • Directive 96/67 : point 31
  • Directive 96/67 -A02LB : point 31
  • Directive 96/67 -A02LD : point 31
  • Regulation 1346/2000 -A26 : point 84
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 1, 17, 19 - 22, 26, 38, 51, 56, 71, 84
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : points 3, 18
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : points 4, 21, 38, 48, 53, 63, 92
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22 : points 3, 5, 68
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A22P2 : points 17, 64, 66, 68, 69, 92
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34 : points 3, 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34P1 : points 17, 71, 72, 86
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT1 : point 73
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35 : points 3, 68
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35P1 : points 7, 17, 64
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A68P1 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A94 : point 86
  • Regulation 1215/2012 : point 56
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : point 21
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A01P1 : point 21
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A24 : point 89
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52004XC0427(03) : point 48
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52013PC0404 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/76 : points 20, 22, 26, 29, 34, 35, 38, 42, 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -814/79 : points 20, 26, 42, 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -172/91 : points 20, 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/92 : points 34, 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -414/92 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -359/95 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -391/95 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -99/96 : point 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -221/97 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/98 : points 71 - 74, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -38/98 : points 71 - 73, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -453/99 : points 46, 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/00 : points 20, 22, 23, 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -82/01 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -198/01 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/01 : points 20, 22, 23, 26, 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -433/01 : point 20
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -295/04 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -341/04 : point 81
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/05 : points 20, 26, 29, 42, 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -450/06 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/07 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -113/07 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -394/07 : points 72 - 74, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 : points 20, 22, 26, 29, 71, 72, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -111/08 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/08 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/08 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -360/09 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 : points 21, 22
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -619/10 : points 71, 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -124/10 : point 31
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -139/10 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -400/10 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -619/10 : points 71, 72, 84
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -645/11 : point 20
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -154/11 : points 26, 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -288/11 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -536/11 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -645/11 : points 21 - 23, 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/12 : points 21, 23, 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -157/12 : point 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -386/12 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -557/12 : point 45
  • 62013CN0352 : point 48


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 03/06/2013

Date of the Opinion

  • 03/07/2014

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

23/10/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 439 from 08.12.2014, p.7

Application: OJ C 226 from 03.08.2013, p.6

Name of the parties

flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Sujecki, Bartosz: Anwendung der EuGVVO auf Schadensersatzklagen wegen Kartellrechtsverstoßes - Keine Berufung auf ordre public wegen schwerwiegender wirtschaftlicher Folgen von einstweiligen Anordnungen für Staatsunternehmen - "flyLAL", Europäisches Wirtschafts- & Steuerrecht - EWS 2014 p.340-341 (DE)
  2. Laazouzi, Malik: Cour de justice, 3e ch., 23 octobre 2014, flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines AS, aff. C-302/13, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2319, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2014 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2014 p.868-870 (FR)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Matière civile et commerciale, droit de la concurrence et ordre public, Europe 2014 Décembre Comm. nº 12 p.38 (FR)
  4. Horváth, Botond: A Brüsszel I. rendelet alkalmazhatósága az európai versenyjogi jogsértésekkel kapcsolatos kártérítési keresetek kapcsán hozott ideiglenes intézkedésekre, Versenytükör 2014 2. szám p.78-85 (HU)
  5. Landbrecht, Johannes: EuGVVO: Anwendungsbereich, ausschließliche Zuständigkeit und Ordre-Public-Widrigkeit im Fall kartellrechtlicher Schadensersatzklagen, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2015 p.76-80 (DE)
  6. Strikwerda, L.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2015 nº 30/31 p.3369-3371 (NL)
  7. Frühling , Pierre ; Delarue, Juliette: flyLAL-Lithuanian Airlines: EU Rules on Jurisdiction Cover Antitrust Damages , Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 2015 Vol. 6 nº 7 p.493-495 (EN)
  8. Vasilakakis, Evangelos: Yperkratika/diethni dikastiria, Epitheorisi Politikis Dikonomias 2015 p.379-383 (EL)
  9. Miguel Asensio, Pedro A. de: Reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones: el orden público como motivo de denegación - Regalmento 44/2001 - Ámbito de aplicación - Material civil y mercantil - Demanda de indemnización por la infración del Derecho de la competencia - Competencias exclusivas - Concepto de litigio en materia de sociedades y personas jurídicas - Orden del Estado requerido, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2015 p.254-257 (ES)
  10. De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto: Reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones: el orden público como motivo de denegación - Reglamento 44/2001 - Ámbito de aplicación - Materia civil y mercantil - Demanda de indemnización por la infracción del Derecho de la competencia - Competencia exclusivas - Concepto de litigio en materia de sociedades y de personas jurídicas - Orden público del Estado requerido, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2015 p.254-257 (ES)
  11. Kohler, Christian: Sonderstellung staatseigener Unternehmen im Europäischen Zivilprozessrecht?, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2015 p.500-505 (DE)
  12. Musseva, Boriana: Once again on the terms "civil and commercial matters and, public policy under regulation n°44/2001", Европейски правен преглед 2015 nº 11 p.124-137 (BG)
  13. Nourissat, Cyril: Private enforcement et règlement « Bruxelles I », Procédures 2015 nº 1 p.42-43 (FR)
  14. Knöfel, Oliver L.: Zum Begriff “Zivil- und Handelssachen” im Europäischen Zivilprozessrecht, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2015 p.251-258 (DE)
  15. Barba, Maxime: Leçon 1 : De la connexité et de son instrumentalisation....., Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2016 nº 111 p.28-32 (FR)
  16. Reydellet, Colin: Leçon 2 : De la matière délictuelle et de sa qualification....., Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2016 nº 111 p.33-36 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Augstākā tiesa (Cour suprême) - Latvia

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

LV - 05.10.1994. likums Par aviāciju, article 28, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 123 (254), 20.10.1994 Satiksmes ministrijas 24.12.2004. noteikumi Nr. 5, Noteikumi par maksu par aeronavigācijas pakalpojumiem Rīgas lidojumu informācijas rajonā un VAS "Starptautiskā lidosta "Rīga"" pakalpojumiem, article 8, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 2 (3160), 05.01.2005 Ministru kabineta 03.01.2006. noteikumi Nr. 20. Kārtība, kādā nosakāma maksa par aeronavigācijas un valsts akciju sabiedrības "Starptautiskā lidosta "Rīga"" pakalpojumiem, un tās sadales kārtība, article 3.5, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 10 (3378), 17.01.2006 13.04.2000 Komerclikums, article 301, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 158/160 (2069/2071)

Latvijas Republikas Satversme, articles 1, 91,et 105 Nacionālās drošības likums, article 22.2 Likums "Par aviāciju", article 28, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 123 (254) Satiksmes ministrijas 24.12.2004. noteikumi Nr. 5 "Noteikumi par maksu par aeronavigācijas pakalpojumiem Rīgas lidojumu informācijas rajonā un VAS "Starptautiskā lidosta "Rīga"" pakalpojumiem", article 8, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 2 (3160) Ministru kabineta 3.01.2006. noteikumi Nr. 20 "Kārtība, kādā nosakāma maksa par aeronavigācijas un valsts akciju sabiedrības "Starptautiskā lidosta "Rīga"" pakalpojumiem, un tās sadales kārtība", article 3.5, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 10 (3378) Komerclikums, article 301, "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 158/160 (2069/2071)

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Toader

Advocate General

Kokott

Language(s) of the Case

  • Latvian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German