Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 13 November 2018

Levola Hengelo BV v Smilde Foods BV

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Intellectual property — Harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society — Directive 2001/29/EC — Scope — Article 2 — Reproduction rights — Concept of ‘work’ — Taste of a food product

Case C-310/17


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
14/12/2018 Levola Hengelo
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:899
13/11/2018 Levola Hengelo
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:899
13/11/2018 Levola Hengelo
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:618
25/07/2018 Levola Hengelo
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
28/07/2017 Levola Hengelo
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

not yet published (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Decision 2000/278 : paragraph 7
  • Directive 2001/29 : paragraphs 1, 32, 34, 35, 37, 38, 40, 44 - 46
  • Directive 2001/29 -A01 : paragraph 9
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : paragraphs 9, 25, 33
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03 : paragraphs 9, 25, 33
  • Directive 2001/29 -A04 : paragraphs 9, 25, 33
  • Directive 2001/29 -A05 : paragraphs 10, 25, 33
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A94 : paragraphs 11, 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -169/07 -N24 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/07 -N30 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N27 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N28 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N29 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 -N39 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -393/08 -N19 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N159 : paragraph 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/08 -N97 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N39 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -135/10 -N40 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/10 -N59 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/10 -N33 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -510/10 -N29 : paragraph 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -201/13 -N14 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -201/13 -N15 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -657/13 -N29 : paragraph 28

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 29/05/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 25/07/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

13/11/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 16 from 14.01.2019, p.16

Application: OJ C 269 from 14.08.2017, p.8

Name of the parties

Levola Hengelo

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Uphoff, Boris ; Morelli, Laura: Die Entscheidung fürht aus der Perspektive des Urhebers sowie Dritter zu Rechtssicherheit und steht im Einklang mit dem EU-Markenrecht, Betriebs-Berater 2018 p.2958 (DE)
  2. Walter, Michel M.: Kein Urheberrechtsschutz des Geschmacks von Lebensmitteln, MR-Int : Internationale Rundschau zum Medienrecht, IP- & IT-Recht 2018 N°3-4 p.119-120 (DE)
  3. Skubic, Zoran: Okusa živila (še) ni mogoče zavarovati z avtorsko pravico, Pravna praksa 2018 nº 49-50 p.36-37 (SL)
  4. Schack, Haimo: Kein Urheberrechtsschutz für Lebensmittelgeschmack mangels Werckcharakter, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2019 p.75 (DE)
  5. Coche, Eugénie: Heks'nkaas or the "fifty shades of taste" explained by the CJEU through EU copyright law, European Intellectual Property Review 2019 p.173-180 (EN)
  6. Schulze, Gernot: Urheberrechtsschutz für den Geschmack von Lebensmitteln?, Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht 2019 p.157-160 (DE)
  7. Van Gompel, S.J.: Smaak, auteursrecht en objectafbakening: over perceptie en bepaalbaarheid, AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2019 p.9-16 (NL)
  8. Dijkman, Léon: CJEU rules that taste of a food product is not protectable by copyright, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice 2019 Vol.14 N°2 p.85-87 (EN)
  9. Simon, Denys: Protection des saveurs, Europe 2019 Janvier Comm. nº 1 p.45-46 (FR)
  10. Grosheide, F.W.: Het geharmoniseerde auteursrechtelijke werkbegrip, Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2019 p.136-146 (NL)
  11. Visser, D.J.G.: Geen auteursrecht op smaak, Ars aequi 2019 n°68 p.390-394 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden - Netherlands

Subject-matter

  • Freedom of establishment
  • Freedom to provide services
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • Approximation of laws

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling
  • Reference for a preliminary ruling : case not proceeding to judgment

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Vilaras

Advocate General

Wathelet

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French