Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 12 July 2011.

L’Oréal SA and Others v eBay International AG and Others.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: High Court of Justice (England & Wales), Chancery Division - United Kingdom.

Trade marks - Internet - Offer for sale, on an online marketplace targeted at consumers in the European Union, of trade-marked goods intended, by the proprietor, for sale in third States - Removal of the packaging of the goods - Directive 89/104/EEC - Regulation (EC) No 40/94 - Liability of the online-marketplace operator - Directive 2000/31/EC (‘Directive on electronic commerce’) - Injunctions against that operator - Directive 2004/48/EC (‘Directive on the enforcement of intellectual property rights’).

Case C-324/09.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
25/08/2011 L'Oréal and Others
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2011:474
12/07/2011 L'Oréal and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2011:474
12/07/2011 L'Oréal and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2010:757
09/12/2010 L'Oréal and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
07/11/2009 L'Oréal and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2011 I-06011

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Interpretation of Articles 5(1)(a) and 7(1) and (2) of Directive 89/104/EEC: First Council of 21 December 1988 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (OJ 1989 L 40, p. 1), of Articles 9(1)(a) and 13(1) and (2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 40/94 of 20 December 1993 on the Community trade mark (OJ 1994 L 11, p. 1), of Article 14(1) of Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market (‘Directive on electronic commerce’) (OJ 2000 L 178, p. 1) and of Article 11 of Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights (OJ 2004 L 157, p. 45) – Concept of ‘placing on the market’ – Samples of perfume and cosmetic products intended to be offered to consumers free of charge – Concept of the ‘use’ of a trade mark – Registration by a trader of a sign identical with a trade mark with a service provider operating an Internet search engine in order that, upon the sign in question being used as a search term, there should automatically appear on screen the URL of his website offering goods and services identical with those covered by the trade mark

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.03 Other questions of substantive law
        4.11.03.03.01 Effects of a mark
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 76/768 -A06P1 : paragraphs 21, 76 - 83
  • Directive 89/104 -A05 : paragraphs 51 - 105
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1 : paragraphs 4, 84 - 97
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1LA : paragraphs 89, 90
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1LB : paragraphs 89, 90
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P2 : paragraphs 4, 90
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3LB : paragraph 63
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3LD : paragraph 63
  • Directive 89/104 -A07 : paragraphs 6, 59 - 67
  • Directive 89/104 -A07P1 : paragraphs 68 - 73
  • Directive 89/104 -A07P2 : paragraphs 74 - 83
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09 : paragraphs 51 - 105
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09P1LA : paragraphs 5, 84 - 97
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09P1LB : paragraphs 5, 84 - 97
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09P2 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09P2LB : paragraph 63
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09P2LD : paragraph 63
  • Regulation 40/94 -A13 : paragraphs 59 - 67
  • Regulation 40/94 -A13P1 : paragraphs 7, 68 - 73
  • Regulation 40/94 -A13P2 : paragraphs 7, 74 - 83
  • Regulation 40/94 -AP1LC : paragraphs 5, 90
  • Directive 98/34 -A01P2 : paragraphs 8, 9
  • Directive 2000/31 : paragraph 109
  • Directive 2000/31 -A02LA : paragraph 8
  • Directive 2000/31 -A06 : paragraphs 10, 95, 142
  • Directive 2000/31 -A12 : paragraphs 11, 104, 107
  • Directive 2000/31 -A13 : paragraphs 11, 104, 107
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14 : paragraphs 11, 12, 104, 107
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P1 : paragraphs 10 - 124
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P1LA : paragraphs 118, 121
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P1LB : paragraphs 118, 120
  • Directive 2000/31 -A15 : paragraphs 11, 104, 107
  • Directive 2000/31 -A15P1 : paragraphs 13, 139
  • Directive 2000/31 -A18P1 : paragraphs 14, 132, 133
  • Directive 2001/29 -A08P3 : paragraph 20
  • Directive 2004/48 : paragraph 131
  • Directive 2004/48 -A02P1 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2004/48 -A02P3LA : paragraphs 16, 133, 139
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03 : paragraphs 17, 139, 140
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03P2 : paragraph 136
  • Directive 2004/48 -A10 : paragraph 18
  • Directive 2004/48 -A11 : paragraphs 18, 19, 125 - 144
  • Directive 2004/48 -A12 : paragraph 18
  • Directive 2004/48 -C1 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2004/48 -C2 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2004/48 -C3 : paragraph 15
  • Directive 2004/48 -C23 : paragraphs 15, 135
  • Directive 2004/48 -C24 : paragraphs 15, 134
  • Directive 2004/48 -C32 : paragraph 15
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -106/89 : paragraph 137
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -430/93 : paragraph 136
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -414/99 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -206/01 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -245/02 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -16/03 : paragraphs 59, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/05 : paragraph 136
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/06 : paragraphs 131, 143
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -298/07 : paragraph 111
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -378/07 : paragraph 137
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -487/07 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -495/07 : paragraph 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -59/08 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/08 : paragraph 136
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -236/08 : paragraphs 87, 88, 91, 94, 95, 102, 107, 112, 113, 115, 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -278/08 : paragraphs 87, 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -324/08 : paragraphs 59, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -558/08 : paragraph 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/08 : paragraph 64
  • Court of Justice - Order C -62/08 : paragraphs 91, 92
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -324/09 : paragraphs 54, 63, 78, 82, 85, 93, 103, 109, 141
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -127/09 : paragraphs 59, 72

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 89/104 -A05
  • Interprets : Directive 89/104 -A05P1LA
  • Interprets : Regulation 40/94 -A09
  • Interprets : Regulation 40/94 -A09P1LA
  • Interprets : Directive 2000/31 -A14P1
  • Interprets : Directive 2000/31 -A14P1LB
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/48 -A11

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 -P1 : points 49, 157
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 -P2 : point 158
  • Directive 76/768 : points 6, 75, 77
  • Directive 76/768 -A06P1 : points 7, 45, 183
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1 : points 46 - 183
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1LB : point 62
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P2 : point 86
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3LB : point 8
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3LC : point 8
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3LD : point 8
  • Directive 89/104 -A06 : points 52, 54, 114, 115
  • Directive 89/104 -A06P1LB : points 9, 116
  • Directive 89/104 -A06P1LC : points 9, 116
  • Directive 89/104 -A07 : points 10, 52, 54, 68, 73, 96 - 120
  • Directive 89/104 -A07P1 : points 65 - 67, 183
  • Directive 89/104 -A07P2 : points 45, 69, 70 - 82, 183
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09P1LA : point 183
  • Regulation 40/94 -A13P1 : points 65 - 67, 183
  • Regulation 40/94 -A13P2 : point 183
  • Regulation 3295/94 : point 55
  • Directive 98/34 -A01P2 : points 13, 134
  • Directive 2000/31 : point 132
  • Directive 2000/31 -A01 : point 131
  • Directive 2000/31 -A02LA : points 13, 134
  • Directive 2000/31 -A12 : points 14, 53, 55, 135, 136, 141, 147, 148
  • Directive 2000/31 -A13 : points 14, 53, 55, 135, 136, 141, 147, 148
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14 : points 14, 15, 53, 55, 59
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P1 : points 130 - 168, 182, 183
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P1LA : points 161 - 168
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P1LB : points 155, 156
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14P3 : point 158
  • Directive 2000/31 -A15 : points 14, 16, 135
  • Directive 2000/31 -A15P1 : points 163, 182
  • Directive 2000/31 -C18 : point 134
  • Directive 2000/31 -C40 : point 146
  • Directive 2000/31 -C42 : points 12, 138, 140 - 142
  • Directive 2000/31 -C43 : points 12, 141
  • Directive 2000/31 -C45 : point 12
  • Directive 2000/31 -C46 : points 12, 142, 156, 158
  • Directive 2000/31 -C47 : point 12
  • Directive 2000/31 -C48 : point 12
  • Directive 2000/31 -C9 : point 11
  • Directive 2001/29 -A08P3 : point 20
  • Directive 2004/48 : points 170, 171, 176, 181
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03 : points 18, 171
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03P2 : point 180
  • Directive 2004/48 -A09 : point 19
  • Directive 2004/48 -A10 : points 19, 172
  • Directive 2004/48 -A11 : points 19, 20, 59, 169 - 183
  • Directive 2004/48 -A12 : points 19, 172
  • Directive 2004/48 -C22 : point 175
  • Directive 2004/48 -C23 : points 17, 175
  • Directive 2004/48 -C24 : point 175
  • Directive 2004/48 -C25 : point 175
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/85 : point 125
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -427/93 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -337/95 : points 71, 115
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -63/97 : point 115
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -414/99 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -291/00 : points 60, 62, 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -206/01 : points 46, 63
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -71/02 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -245/02 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -16/03 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -348/04 : point 69
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -48/05 : points 46, 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -17/06 : points 46, 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -533/06 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -487/07 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -236/08 : points 48, 57
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -585/08 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -236/08 : points 5, 86, 87, 89, 91, 101, 106, 107, 112, 120, 137, 138, 142, 145
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -278/08 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -558/08 : points 46, 114
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -144/09 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -91/09 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -127/09 : point 66


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 12/08/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 09/12/2010

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

12/07/2011


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 267 from 07.11.2009, p.40

Judgment: OJ C 269 from 10.09.2011, p.3

Name of the parties

L'Oréal and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Van Eecke, Patrick ; Truyens, Maarten: L'Oréal v. eBay: Is the Tide Finally Turning for Hosting Providers?, Computer und Recht 2011 nº 1 p.1-8 (EN)
  2. Costes, Lionel: Conclusions de l'Avocat général dans le contantieux opposant L'Oréal à eBay, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2011 nº 67 p.23-24 (FR)
  3. Gasnier, Jean-Pierre ; Roux, Olivier: Libres propos autour des conclusions de l'Avocat général de la CJUE dans l'affaire eBay contre L'Oréal, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2011 nº 68 p.11-17 (FR)
  4. Brömmekamp, Birgit: Der Fall L'Oréal gegen eBay: Prüfstein für die Informationsgesellschaft, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2011 p.306-316 (DE)
  5. Sujecki, Bartosz: Umfang markenrechtlicher Haftung von Betreibern elektronischer Marktplätze, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2011 p.206-207 (DE)
  6. Leible, Stefan ; Jahn, David: EuGH: Verantwortlichkeit von eBay für Markenrechtsverletzungen, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2011 p.324 (DE)
  7. Picod, Fabrice: eBay face aux prérogatives renforcées des titulaires de marques, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2011 nº 29-34 p.1441 (FR)
  8. Dolžan, Judita: Odgovornost upravljavca spletnega trga za kršitve znamk, ki jih storijo uporabniki, Pravna praksa 2011 nº 30-31 p.36-37 (SL)
  9. Idot, Laurence: Marques et vente sur une place de marché en ligne. Pour la première fois, la Cour de Justice précise les conditions dans lesquelles des produits revêtus de marques communautaires ou nationales peuvent être offertes à la vente sur une place de marché en ligne, en l'occurrence e-Bay, Europe 2011 Août-Sept. Comm. nº 8-9 p.40-42 (FR)
  10. Costes, Lionel: Contentieux opposant L'Oréal à eBay : les avancées de la CJUE, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2011 nº 74 p.31 (FR)
  11. Grynbaum, Luc: eBay : être ou ne pas être hébergeur selon la CJUE, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2011 nº 74 p.61-67 (FR)
  12. Terré, François: Être ou ne pas être… responsable - À propos des prestataires de service par Internet, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2011 nº 43-44 p.1943-1948 (FR)
  13. Caron, Christophe: 3 QUESTIONS L'essentiel de l'important arrêt « L'Oréal / eBay » (CJUE, 12 juillet 2011), La Semaine Juridique - entreprise et affaires 2011 nº 40 p.5-6 (FR)
  14. Mpindi, Ildo D.: Objets contrefaisants offerts à la vente sur des places de marché en ligne : l'analyse de la CJUE, Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2011 nº 63 p.19-20 (FR)
  15. Rössel, Markus: Filterpflichten des Providers im Lichte des EuGH - Eine Entlastung des I. Zivilsenates, Computer und Recht 2011 p.589-597 (DE)
  16. Sujecki, Bartosz: Betreiberhaftung für Markenrechtsverletzungen auf Online-Marktplatz, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2011 p.764-765 (DE)
  17. Roth, Hans-Peter: Verantwortlichkeit von Betreibern von Internet-Marktplätzen für Markenrechtsverletzungen durch Nutzer: L'Oréal gegen eBay, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2011 p.1258-1268 (DE)
  18. Hoeren, Thomas: Verantwortlichkeit von Betreibern eines Internet-Marktplatzes für Markenrechtsverletzungen - L’Oréal SA, Multimedia und Recht 2011 p.605 (DE)
  19. Troianiello, Antonino: La CJUE précise les obligations des places de marché en ligne en matière de protection des marques, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2011 nº 75 p.6-10 (FR)
  20. Lemarchand, Stéphane ; Lampe, Anne-Sophie: L'arrêt eBay c/ L'Oréal de la CJUE du 12 juillet 2011 revisite les conditions de la qualification de fournisseur d'hébergement au sens de l'article 14 de la directive « e-commerce », Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2011 nº 75 p.53-58 (FR)
  21. Schrijvers, Marlous: European Court rules on the Position of eBay regarding the Sale of infringing Products: L'Oréal v eBay, European Intellectual Property Review 2011 Vol. 33 Issue 11 p.723-724 (EN)
  22. Nordemann, Jan Bernd: Haftung von Providern im Urheberrecht, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2011 p.977-981 (DE)
  23. Spindler, Gerald: Europarechtliche Rahmenbedingungen der Störerhaftung im Internet, Multimedia und Recht 2011 p.703-707 (DE)
  24. Borges, Georg: Zur Haftung des Betreibers einer Handelsplattform für Markenverletzungen der Nutzer ("L'Oréal/eBay"), Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2011 p.823-824 (DE)
  25. Jänich, Michael: Markenverletzungen auf Online-Marktplätzen, Markenrecht 2011 p.293-295 (DE)
  26. Smits, Catherine ; Ligot, Johanne: Arrêt "L'Oréal": clarifications sur le cadre légal des activités et des responsabilités des hébergeurs de sites internet, Journal de droit européen 2011 nº 184 p.294-296 (FR)
  27. Van Eecke, Patrick ; Truyens, Maarten: L'Oréal v. eBay: The Court of Justice clarifies the Position of Online Auction Providers, Computer Law Review International 2011 Issue 5 p.129-136 (EN)
  28. Salsas, Eduard ; Härting, Niko: L'Oréal v. eBay - Consequences for EU Member States, Computer Law Review International 2011 Issue 5 p.137-142 (EN)
  29. Schumacher, Christian: EuGH zur Haftung des Betreibers eines Online-Marktplatzes für Markenverletzungen, Ecolex 2011 p.1128-1129 (DE)
  30. Burgstaller, Peter: Online-Marktplatz (eBay) - Verkauf von Markenartikeln (L'Oréal) - Inverkehrbringen - AdWords-Werbung auf Google, MR-Int : Internationale Rundschau zum Medienrecht, IP- & IT-Recht 2011 p.117-120 (DE)
  31. Heerma van Voss, M.J. ; Zwaan, V.A.: L'Oréal/eBay-arrest, genoeg voer voor nieuwe merk-jurisprudentie en aansprakelijkheid voor ISPs een stap dichterbij?, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2011 p.293-300 (NL)
  32. Rodean, Neliana: Responsabilità del gestore del mercato online per le violazioni ai diritti di marchio altrui, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2011 p.1594-1602 (IT)
  33. Gielen, Ch.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2011 p.438-442 (NL)
  34. Koelman, K.J.: L'Oréal vs Ebay, Berichten industriële eigendom 2011 p.347-351 (NL)
  35. Cohen Jehoram, T.: Berichten industriële eigendom 2011 p.351-352 (NL)
  36. Koelman, K.J.: Berichten industriële eigendom 2011 p.352 (NL)
  37. Cohen Jehoram, T.: Berichten industriële eigendom 2011 p.353 (NL)
  38. Slot, P.J.: L'Oréal SA v. eBay International AG, Ars aequi 2011 p.822-826 (NL)
  39. Lievens, Dennis: L'Oréal v. eBay - Welcomed in France, Resented in England, International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law 2012 p.68-76 (EN)
  40. Lehment, Cornelis: Neuordnung der Täter- und Störerhaftung, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2012 p.149-159 (DE)
  41. Carbajo Cascón, Fernando: Problemas de distribución, marcas y responsabilidad indirecta de intermediarios en plataformas de agregación de comercio electrónico. Comentario a la STJUE de 12 de julio de 2011 (C-324/09, L'Oréal contra eBay) y jurisprudencia relacionada, Revista de Derecho de la Competencia y la Distribución 2012 nº 10 p.161-183 (ES)
  42. Schumacher, Christian: Österreichische Blätter für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2012 p.13-14 (DE)
  43. Pellisé, Cristina: Sentencia de 12 de julio de 2011, Asunto C-324/09, L'Oréal SA, Lancôme parfums et beauté & Cie SNC, Laboratoire Garnier & Cie y L'Oréal (UK) Ltd c. eBay International AG, eBay Europe SARL, eBay (UK) Ltd, Stephen Potts, Tracy Ratchford, Marie Ormsby, James Clarke, Joanna Clarke, Glen Fox y Rukhsana Bi, Revista Jurídica de Catalunya 2012 nº 1 p.235-240 (ES)
  44. Spoor, J.H.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2012 nº 525 (NL)
  45. Ludding, R.: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2012 p.305-307 (NL)
  46. A.A.: DEvre 12.7.2011 (Ypoth. 324/09) - L’Oréal SA, klp. K. / eBay International AG, klp., Armenopoulos 2012 p. 1179-1180 (EL)
  47. Riefa, Christine: The end of Internet Service Providers liability as we know it - Uncovering the consumer interest in CJEU Case C-324/09 (L'Oréal/eBay), Journal of European Consumer and Market Law 2012 Vol. 1 nº 2 p.104-111 (EN)
  48. Cimino, Iacopo Pietro: Sito all'estero: la competenza resta nazionale, Guida al diritto 2013 p.80-83 (IT)
  49. Fowle, Anastasia: On the offer for sale on an online marketplace targeted at consumers in the European Union of trade marked goods intended by the proprietor for sale in third States; removal of the packaging of the goods and liability of the online marketplace operator and injunctions against that operator, Landmark IP Decisions of the European Court of Justice 2008-2013 (Ed. Larcier - Brussels) 2014 p.101-110 (EN)
  50. Verschuur, A.M.E.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2016 p.450-451 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

High Court of Justice (England & Wales), Chancery Division - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • Freedom of establishment
  • Freedom to provide services
  • Approximation of laws
  • Consumer protection
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Trade marks

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Jääskinen

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English