Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 5 March 2019

Eesti Pagar AS v Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutus and Majandus- ja Kommunikatsiooniministeerium

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Tallinna Ringkonnakohus

Reference for a preliminary ruling — State aid — Regulation (EC) No 800/2008 (General block exemption regulation) — Article 8(2) — Aid with an incentive effect — Concept of ‘start of work on the project’ — Powers of the national authorities — Unlawful aid — No decision of the European Commission or of a national court — Obligation on the national authorities to recover unlawful aid on their own initiative — Legal basis — Article 108(3) TFEU — General principle of EU law of protection of legitimate expectations — Decision of the competent national authority granting aid under Regulation No 800/2008 — Knowledge of circumstances excluding the eligibility of the aid application — Creation of a legitimate expectation — None — Limitation — Aid co-financed from a structural fund — Applicable legislation — Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 — National legislation — Interest — Obligation to claim interest — Legal basis — Article 108(3) TFEU — Applicable legislation — National rules — Principle of effectiveness

Case C-349/17


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
05/04/2019 Eesti Pagar
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2019:172
05/03/2019 Eesti Pagar
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:768
25/09/2018 Eesti Pagar
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
28/07/2017 Eesti Pagar
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.01 Reference to the Court of Justice
      3.04.01.03 Exclusive nature of the role of the national court in making the reference
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.03 Exceptions to the prohibition of aid
      4.09.03.03 Regulations declaring certain categories of aid compatible with the internal market
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.03 Exceptions to the prohibition of aid
      4.09.03.03 Regulations declaring certain categories of aid compatible with the internal market
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.04 Procedure for reviewing aid
      4.09.04.03 Direct effect of the final sentence of Article 108(3) TFEU and role of national courts
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.01 Sources of EU law
    1.01.02 General principles of law
      1.01.02.03 Principle of the protection of legitimate expectations
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.03 Exceptions to the prohibition of aid
      4.09.03.03 Regulations declaring certain categories of aid compatible with the internal market
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.04 Procedure for reviewing aid
      4.09.04.03 Direct effect of the final sentence of Article 108(3) TFEU and role of national courts
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.04 Procedure for reviewing aid
      4.09.04.03 Direct effect of the final sentence of Article 108(3) TFEU and role of national courts
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.09 State aid
    4.09.04 Procedure for reviewing aid
      4.09.04.03 Direct effect of the final sentence of Article 108(3) TFEU and role of national courts


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 107 : paragraph 57
  • TFEU, Article 107 -P1 : paragraph 56
  • TFEU, Article 107 -P3 : paragraphs 39, 65, 79, 102
  • TFEU, Article 107 -P3LA : paragraph 78
  • TFEU, Article 108 : paragraphs 57, 98
  • TFEU, Article 108 -P3 : paragraphs 43, 44, 56, 57, 84, 86, 88, 89, 94, 95, 100, 101, 103, 130, 134, 139 - 142
  • TFEU, Article 108 -P4 : paragraph 57
  • TFEU, Article 109 : paragraphs 57, 58
  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraphs 38, 47
  • TEU, Article 4 -P3L2 : paragraph 93
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A01 : paragraphs 3, 118, 127
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A01P2 : paragraph 122
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A03P1 : paragraphs 30, 33, 41, 44, 107, 128
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A03P1L1 : paragraphs 4, 116, 119, 127
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A03P1L3 : paragraphs 4, 125, 126
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A04P1 : paragraphs 5, 94
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A04P2 : paragraphs 5, 30
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A05 : paragraph 122
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A05P1LB : paragraphs 6, 30
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A01 : paragraph 44
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A14P2 : paragraphs 7, 30, 36, 136
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A15 : paragraphs 44, 107, 109, 113, 114
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A15P1 : paragraphs 8, 30, 36, 41
  • Regulation 794/2004 -A09 : paragraphs 9, 26, 30, 43, 136
  • Regulation 794/2004 -A11 : paragraphs 10, 30, 43, 136
  • Regulation 1083/2006 -A101 : paragraphs 11, 34, 94
  • Regulation 271/2008 : paragraph 9
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A03 : paragraphs 13, 59, 65, 86
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08 : paragraph 69
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08P1 : paragraph 14
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08P2 : paragraphs 1, 14, 24, 26, 34, 44, 55, 62, 66, 67, 70, 74, 76, 79, 82
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08P3 : paragraphs 14, 66, 67
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08P6 : paragraphs 14, 66, 67, 70
  • Regulation 800/2008 -C1 : paragraphs 12, 65
  • Regulation 800/2008 -C2 : paragraphs 12, 65
  • Regulation 800/2008 -C5 : paragraphs 12, 65
  • Regulation 800/2008 -C28 : paragraphs 12, 63, 66
  • Regulation 800/2008 -C29 : paragraph 12
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52006XC0304(02) -PT38 : paragraphs 15, 71
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -278/02 -N33 : paragraph 122
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/04 -N104 : paragraph 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -368/04 : paragraph 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -75/05 -N59 : paragraph 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N51 : paragraph 132
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N52 : paragraphs 133, 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N53 : paragraph 133
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N54 : paragraph 133
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -160/09 -N27 : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -173/09 -N27 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -131/10 -N39 : paragraph 116
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -131/10 -N40 : paragraph 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -201/10 -N32 : paragraph 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/10 -N33 : paragraphs 131, 133, 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/10 -N34 : paragraphs 131, 133, 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/10 -N35 : paragraph 134
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/10 -N44 : paragraph 119
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -465/10 -N48 : paragraph 121
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -97/11 -N38 : paragraph 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -568/11 -N52 : paragraph 104
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 : paragraph 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 -N132 : paragraph 97
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -671/11 -N31 : paragraph 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -284/12 -N25 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -284/12 -N26 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -284/12 -N29 : paragraph 88
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -284/12 -N30 : paragraph 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -284/12 -N31 : paragraph 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -672/13 -N77 : paragraph 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -52/14 -N36 : paragraph 126
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -52/14 -N38 : paragraph 126
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -52/14 -N43 : paragraph 126
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -59/14 -N24 : paragraph 123
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -59/14 -N25 : paragraph 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -431/14 -N68 : paragraph 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N31 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N32 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N33 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N34 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N35 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N36 : paragraph 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N37 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -493/14 -N38 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -505/14 -N40 : paragraph 137
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -505/14 -N41 : paragraph 138
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -505/14 -N42 : paragraphs 139, 140
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -505/14 -N45 : paragraphs 139, 140
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -628/15 -N54 : paragraph 91
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -74/16 -N24 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -74/16 -N25 : paragraph 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -74/16 -N26 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -120/17 -N52 : paragraph 104

Operative part

  • Interprets : TFEU, Article 108 -P3
  • Interprets : Regulation 2988/95
  • Interprets : Regulation 2988/95 -A03P1
  • Interprets : Regulation 800/2008
  • Interprets : Regulation 800/2008 -A08P2

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 41 : point 67
  • TFEU, Article 107 : point 103
  • TFEU, Article 107 -P1 : points 104, 106, 108, 141
  • TFEU, Article 107 -P3 : point 73
  • TFEU, Article 108 -P2 : points 103, 108
  • TFEU, Article 108 -P3 : points 43, 44, 57, 71, 104, 106 - 108, 112, 122, 125, 126, 133, 134, 136, 141, 145, 163, 170, 172
  • TFEU, Article 267 : points 38, 59
  • TEU, Article 4 : points 106, 109
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A01P2 : point 155
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A03P1 : points 30, 33, 41, 131, 134
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A03P1L1 : points 4, 153, 156, 172
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A04P1 : point 159
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A04P2 : points 30, 159
  • Regulation 2988/95 -A05P1LB : points 30, 160
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A11P2 : point 36
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A14 : points 134, 150
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A14P1 : points 5, 103
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A14P2 : points 5, 30, 36, 137, 139, 165, 167, 171, 172
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A15 : point 133
  • Regulation 659/1999 -A15P1 : points 6, 30, 36, 41, 131, 132, 141
  • Regulation 659/1999 -C2 : point 149
  • Regulation 794/2004 -A09 : points 7, 30, 43, 135, 137, 139, 150, 165, 167, 171, 172
  • Regulation 794/2004 -A11 : points 8, 30, 43, 135, 137, 139, 150, 165, 167, 171, 172
  • Regulation 1083/2006 -A32P5 : point 154
  • Regulation 1083/2006 -A101 : points 9, 34, 134
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08P1 : point 11
  • Regulation 800/2008 -A08P2 : points 2, 11, 44, 68, 69, 74, 76, 84, 97, 104, 117, 125, 126, 172
  • Regulation 800/2008 -C28 : points 10, 71, 74
  • Regulation 1303/2013 -A125P4 : points 12, 103
  • Regulation 1303/2013 -A125P5 : points 12, 103
  • Regulation 1303/2013 -A143 : point 103
  • Regulation 1303/2013 -A143P1 : point 13
  • Regulation 1303/2013 -A143P2 : point 13
  • Regulation 651/2014 -A02PT23 : points 14, 70, 81
  • Regulation 1589/2015 -A29P1 : points 15, 37, 58
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52006XC0304(02) -PT38 : point 16
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52009XC0409(01) -PT16 : points 18, 69
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52009XC0409(01) -PT20 : point 18
  • Commission - Other Acts - 52009XC0409(01) -PT41 : point 18
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -36/80 -N6 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -103/88 -N30 : point 106
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -103/88 -N31 : point 106
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/91 -N26 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -24/95 -N41 : point 126
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N53 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N54 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N55 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N56 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N57 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N58 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N59 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N60 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N61 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N62 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N63 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N64 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N65 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N66 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N67 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N68 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N69 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N70 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N71 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N72 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N73 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N74 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N75 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N76 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N77 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N78 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N79 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N80 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N81 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N82 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N83 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N84 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N85 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N86 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N87 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N88 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N89 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N90 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N91 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N92 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N93 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N94 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N95 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N96 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N97 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -83/98 -N98 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/98 -N58 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/98 -N59 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/98 -N60 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/98 -N61 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -236/98 -N31 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -368/04 : point 149
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -232/05 -N53 : point 164
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N50 : points 157, 166
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N51 : points 157, 166
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N52 : points 157, 166
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N53 : point 157
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N54 : point 157
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/06 -N55 : point 166
  • General Court - Judgment T -394/08 : point 86
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -173/09 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -630/11 -N66 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 : points 72, 89
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 -N106 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 -N107 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 -N108 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -630/11 -N109 : point 85
  • General Court - Judgment T -309/12 -N237 : point 124
  • General Court - Judgment T -309/12 -N238 : point 124
  • General Court - Judgment T -309/12 -N239 : point 124
  • General Court - Judgment T -309/12 -N240 : point 124
  • General Court - Judgment T -309/12 -N241 : point 124
  • General Court - Judgment T -454/13 -N299 : point 124
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/14 -N42 : point 157
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -505/14 -N40 : point 167


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 13/06/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 25/09/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

05/03/2019


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 148 from 29.04.2019, p.3

Application: OJ C 269 from 14.08.2017, p.12

Name of the parties

Eesti Pagar

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Lipinsky, Julia: Beihilferecht: Rückforderung einer aus dem Strukturfonds rechtswidrig gewährten Beihilfe, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2019 p.379-387 (DE)
  2. Derenne, Jacques: Effet incitatf - Récupération, Concurrences : revue des droits de la concurrence 2019 nº 2 p.122-125 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Tallinna Ringkonnakohus - Estonia

Subject-matter

  • Competition
  • - State aid

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Arabadjiev

Advocate General

Wathelet

Language(s) of the Case

  • Estonian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French