Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 10 December 2015

Florin Lazar, représenté légalement par Luigi Erculeo v Allianz SpA

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Tribunale di Trieste

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Area of freedom, security and justice — Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 — Article 4(1) — Concepts of ‘country in which the damage occurs’, ‘damage’ and ‘indirect consequences of the tort or delict’ — Damage sustained personally by a family member of a person who died as a result of a road traffic accident — Applicable law

Case C-350/14


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
22/01/2016 Lazar
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2015:802
10/12/2015 Lazar
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2015:802
10/12/2015 Lazar
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2015:586
10/09/2015 Lazar
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
19/09/2014 Lazar
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.07 Interpretation of EU law
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.05 Conflicts of laws
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.05 Conflicts of laws


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A02 : paragraph 22
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A02P1 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1 : paragraphs 1, 19 - 30
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LC : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LF : paragraphs 7, 26, 27
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C16 : paragraphs 4, 29
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C17 : paragraphs 4, 24
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C7 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A07PT2 : paragraph 9
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52003PC0427 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -26/13 -N37 : paragraph 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -237/15 -N35 : paragraph 21

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1

Opinion

  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 4, 25, 49, 52, 53, 83
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3 : points 8, 48
  • Regulation 864/2007 : points 1, 17, 25, 26, 36, 46, 49, 52, 75, 76, 79
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04 : points 6, 26, 36
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1 : points 1, 15, 24, 30, 38, 40, 43, 45, 66, 73, 74, 81, 85
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P3 : points 40, 81
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A06 : point 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A07 : point 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LC : point 7
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LF : point 7
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A28P1 : point 36
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C16 : point 28
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C17 : points 5, 69
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C33 : point 82
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C7 : points 4, 49
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : points 48, 52, 83
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A05PT3 : points 48, 50, 53, 59, 61, 66
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52003PC0427 : points 26, 46, 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -21/76 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -21/76 -N11 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -220/88 : point 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -220/88 : points 55, 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -220/88 -N13 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -220/88 -N14 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -220/88 -N20 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -220/88 -N21 : points 57, 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -68/93 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -68/93 -N19 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/93 : points 58, 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/93 -N10 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/93 -N14 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -364/93 -N15 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Order C -246/01 -N19 : point 64
  • Court of Justice - Order C -246/01 -N20 : point 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -18/02 -N27 : point 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/02 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/02 -N18 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -189/08 : point 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -412/10 : point 3
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -173/11 : point 3
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -22/12 -N36 : point 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -45/13 : point 3
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -240/14 : point 3


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 21/07/2014

Date of the Opinion

  • 10/09/2015

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

10/12/2015


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 48 from 08.02.2016, p.3

Application: OJ C 351 from 06.10.2014, p.4

Name of the parties

Lazar

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Laazouzi, Malik: Cour de justice, 4e ch., 10 décembre 2015, Florin Lazar, aff. jtes C-350/14, ECLI:EU:C:2015:802, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2015 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2015 p.891-894 (FR)
  2. Kompare, Neža: Povrnitev nepremoženjske škode, Pravna praksa 2016 nº 6 p.29 (SL)
  3. Wittwer, Alexander: Der EuGH und das internationale Haftpflicht(versicherungs)recht, European Law Reporter 2016 p.67-70 (EN)
  4. De Boer, Th.M.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2016 Afl.23 p.3094-3096 (NL)
  5. Vathrakokilis, Antonis: Efarmosteo dikaio gia tin epidikasi psychikis odynis apo thanatiforo trochaio atychima kata ton Kanonismo 864/2007 ("Romi II"), Elliniki Dikaiosyni 2016 p.310-312 (EL)
  6. Idot, Laurence: Précisions sur la "lex damni", Europe 2016 Février Comm. nº 2 p.42-43 (FR)
  7. Bogdanova, Anna ; Andrijevska, Elīna: KAITĒJUMS, KAS PERSONĪGI NODARĪTS CEĻU SATIKSMES NEGADĪJUMĀ BOJĀGĀJUŠĀS PERSONAS ĢIMENES LOCEKLIM, Jurista vārds 2016 nº 26 p.32 (LV)
  8. Dominelli, Stefano: Cross-Border Road Traffic Accidents and Damages Suffered by the Parents of the Victim: the Florin Lazar v Allianz SpA Case and the Interpretation of Art. 4(1) of the Rome II Regulation, The European Legal Forum 2016 p.60-69 (EN)
  9. Mantovani, Sara: The "indirect consequences" of a harmful event in the light of the judgment of the Court of Justice in Florin Lazar, Il Corriere giuridico 2016 p.72-79 (EN)
  10. Staudinger, Ansgar: „Indirekte Schadensfolgen“ aus einem Verkehrsunfall – Rom II-Verordnung, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2016 p.468 (DE)
  11. Mankowski, Peter: Europarecht. Internationales Zivilrecht - Anknüpfung "indirekter" Schadensersatzansprüche von Angehörigen des primär Geschädigten nach der Rom II-VO, Juristenzeitung 2016 p.310-313 (DE)
  12. Kadner Graziano, Thomas: Trauerschmerzensgeld nach Verkehrsunfall als indirekte Schadensfolge i. S. d. Rom II-VO, Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 2016 p.227-229 (DE)
  13. Bureau, Dominique: La loi applicable à la réparation du préjudice par ricochet, Revue critique de droit international privé 2016 nº 4 p.678-684 (FR)
  14. Maseda Rodríguez, Javier: Tribunal de Justicia: Espacio de libertad, seguridad y justicia - Reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones - Ley aplicable: Reglamento Roma II - Cooperación judicial en materia civil […] Sentencia del TJUE de 10 de diciembre de 2015, asunto C-350/14, Florin Lazar v. Allianz SpA, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2016 nº 68 p.186-190 (ES)
  15. Kadner Graziano, Thomas: The Law Applicable to Tort Claims of Secondary Victims – The Cases of ‘Florin Lazar v. Allianz SpA’ and of ‘Germanwings’, Yearbook of private international law 2017 p.477-489 (EN)
  16. Spickhoff, Andreas: Der Erfolgsort im Europäischen Kollisionsrecht, Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht 2017 p.953-965 (DE)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Tribunale di Trieste - Italy

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

codice civile, articolo 2054

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Safjan

Advocate General

Wahl

Language(s) of the Case

  • Italian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French