Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber), 23 January 2014

Nintendo Co. Ltd and Others v PC Box Srl and 9Net Srl

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Tribunale di Milano

Directive 2001/29/EC — Copyright and related rights in the information society — Concept of ‘technological measures’ — Protection device — Equipment and protected complementary products — Similar complementary devices, products or components from other undertakings — Exclusion of any interoperability between them — Scope of those technological measures — Relevance

Case C‑355/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
14/03/2014 Nintendo and Others
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:25
23/01/2014 Nintendo and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:25
23/01/2014 Nintendo and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2013:581
19/09/2013 Nintendo and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
14/09/2012 Nintendo and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.03 Copyright and related rights


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 96/9 -CH3 : paragraph 24
  • Directive 2001/29 : paragraphs 1, 19, 21 - 23, 37
  • Directive 2001/29 -A01 : paragraph 5
  • Directive 2001/29 -A01P1 : paragraph 21
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : paragraph 25
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03 : paragraph 25
  • Directive 2001/29 -A04 : paragraph 25
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06 : paragraphs 18, 20, 24, 25, 29
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06P1 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06P2 : paragraphs 6, 30, 34
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06P3 : paragraphs 6, 19, 24, 26, 28, 37
  • Directive 2001/29 -C9 : paragraphs 4, 27
  • Directive 2001/29 -C47 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 2001/29 -C48 : paragraphs 4, 18, 30
  • Directive 2001/29 -C49 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 2001/29 -C50 : paragraph 4
  • Directive 2009/24 : paragraph 23
  • Directive 2009/24 -A01P1 : paragraphs 7, 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -5/08 : paragraphs 21, 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -128/11 : paragraph 23
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -355/12 : paragraphs 27, 30, 34

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29 -A06P3

Opinion

  • Directive 91/250 : point 7
  • Directive 2001/29 : points 2, 5 - 7, 31 - 35, 38, 49, 50, 59, 75
  • Directive 2001/29 -A01P2LA : point 8
  • Directive 2001/29 -A02 : points 45, 72
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03 : points 45, 72
  • Directive 2001/29 -A04 : points 45, 72
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06 : points 1, 3, 4, 9, 26, 29, 40 - 48, 57, 63, 79
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06P1 : point 10
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06P2 : points 11, 30, 41, 67, 68, 75, 79
  • Directive 2001/29 -A06P3 : points 12, 43, 45
  • Directive 2001/29 -C47 : point 7
  • Directive 2001/29 -C48 : points 7, 26, 52, 53
  • Directive 2001/29 -C50 : point 7
  • Directive 2001/29 -C54 : point 52
  • Directive 2001/29 -PR : point 7
  • Directive 2009/24 : points 5 - 7, 31 - 35, 37
  • Directive 2009/24 -A01P1 : point 14
  • Directive 2009/24 -A01P2 : point 14
  • Directive 2009/24 -A04P1LA : point 15
  • Directive 2009/24 -A04P1LC : point 15
  • Directive 2009/24 -A05 : points 16, 35, 36
  • Directive 2009/24 -A06 : points 17, 35, 36
  • Directive 2009/24 -A07 : point 18
  • Directive 2009/24 -C7 : point 13
  • Directive 2009/24 -C11 : point 13
  • Directive 2009/24 -C15 : point 13
  • Directive 2009/24 -C16 : point 13
  • Directive 2009/24 -PR : point 13
  • Council - Common Position - 52000AG0048 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -136/04 : point 13
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -192/08 : point 13
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -128/11 : point 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -458/13 : point 37


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 26/07/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 19/09/2013

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

23/01/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 295 from 29.09.2012, p.23

Judgment: OJ C 93 from 29.03.2014, p.8

Name of the parties

Nintendo and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Leupold, Andreas: Umgehung technischer Schutzvorkehrungen in Spielekonsolen, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht PRAX 2014 p.57 (DE)
  2. Roset, Sébastien: Droits d'auteurs et droits voisins, Europe 2014 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.30-31 (FR)
  3. Costes, Lionel: Précisions de la CJUE sur l'utilisation de mesures techniques de protection, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2014 nº 101 p.27-28 (FR)
  4. Karl, Harald: Urheberrecht: Voraussetzungen der rechtmäßigen Umgehung eines Schutzsystems für Videospielkonsolen, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2014 p.306-307 (DE)
  5. Koelman, K.J.: AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2014 p.63-65 (NL)
  6. Newton, Heather ; Moir, Andrew ; Montagnon, Rachel: CJEU increases burden on manufacturers of games consoles to prove the unlawfulness of devices circumventing technological protection measures and that their TPMs are proportionate , Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice 2014 p.456-458 (EN)
  7. Cassart, Alexandre ; Cruquenaire, Alexandre: Arrêt "Nintendo" : quelle protection pour les mesures techniques?, Journal de droit européen 2014 nº 209 p. 201-202 (FR)
  8. Galopin, Benoît: Affaire Nintendo : la CJUE précise les conditions de protection des mesures techniques, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2014 nº 102 p.58-63 (FR)
  9. Minero, Gemma: Videogames, consoles and technological measures: the Nintendo v PC Box and 9Net Case, European Intellectual Property Review 2014 p.335-339 (EN)
  10. Oehler, Claas: EuGH: Umgehung des Schutzsystems für eine Videospielkonsole, Multimedia und Recht 2014 p.403-405 (DE)
  11. Riede, Lutz ; Wanik, Anna: Zur Zulässigkeit der Umgehung des Schutzsystems für Videospielkonsolen, Medien und Recht 2014 p.72-75 (DE)
  12. Eijsvogels, F.W.E.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2014 p.216-220 (NL)
  13. Walter, Michel M.: Technische Schutzmaßnahmen - Nintendo-Spielkonsole, MR-Int : Internationale Rundschau zum Medienrecht, IP- & IT-Recht 2014 p.77-78 (DE)
  14. Rauch, Thomas: Technische Schutzmaßnahmen im Urheberrecht - Anmerkungen zum Nintendo-Urteil des EuGH C-355/12, Medien und Recht 2014 p.303-308 (DE)
  15. Bruguière, Jean-Michel: Droits voisins. Défense des droits, Propriétés intellectuelles 2014 n° 51 p.176-178 (FR)
  16. Aparicio Vaquero, Juan Pablo: La tutela jurídica de los videojuegos y de las medidas tecnológicas de protección de las obras sujetas a los derechos de autor y afines, Actas de derecho industrial y derecho de autor 2014 p. 437-456 (ES)
  17. Brunn, Inka Frederike ; Nordmeyer, Arne: EuGH: Rechtmäßigkeit der Umgehung des Schutzsystems für eine Videospielkonsole, Computer Law Review International | Computer und Recht 2014 p.226-228 (DE)
  18. Rendas, Tito: Lex Specialis(sima): Videogames and Technological Protection Measures in EU Copyright Law, European Intellectual Property Review 2015 p.39-45 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Tribunale di Milano - Italy

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Copyright and related rights

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Safjan

Advocate General

Sharpston

Language(s) of the Case

  • Italian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English