Judgment of the Court (Second Chamber), 6 December 2012

O and S v Maahanmuuttovirasto and Maahanmuuttovirasto v L

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Korkein hallinto-oikeus

Citizenship of the Union — Article 20 TFEU − Directive 2003/86/EC − Right to family reunification − Union citizens who are minor children living with their mothers, who are third country nationals, in the territory of the Member State of which the children are nationals — Permanent right of residence in that Member State of the mothers who have been granted sole custody of the Union citizens — Change in composition of the families following the mothers’ remarriage to third country nationals and the birth of children of those marriages who are also third country nationals — Applications for family reunification in the Member State of origin of the Union citizens — Refusal of the right of residence to the new spouses on the ground of lack of sufficient resources — Right to respect for family life — Taking into consideration of the children’s best interests

Joined Cases C‑356/11 and C‑357/11


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
11/01/2013 O. and S.
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2012:776
06/12/2012 O. and S.
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2012:776
06/12/2012 O. and S.
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2012:595
27/09/2012 O. and S.
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2011:566
08/09/2011 O. and S.
Application (OJ)
25/08/2011 O. and S.
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

Information not available


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 7 : paragraphs 76, 79, 80
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 : paragraph 79
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 -P2 : paragraphs 76, 80
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 -P3 : paragraphs 76, 80
  • TFEU, Article 20 : paragraphs 33, 43, 68
  • TFEU, Article 20 -P1 : paragraph 44
  • Directive 2003/86 : paragraphs 61, 62, 81
  • Directive 2003/86 -A01 : paragraph 63
  • Directive 2003/86 -A02LC : paragraph 68
  • Directive 2003/86 -A03P1 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 2003/86 -A03P3 : paragraphs 6, 66
  • Directive 2003/86 -A04P1 : paragraphs 7, 64, 70, 72
  • Directive 2003/86 -A05P5 : paragraphs 8, 80
  • Directive 2003/86 -A07P1 : paragraphs 9, 80
  • Directive 2003/86 -A07P1LC : paragraphs 71, 73, 74, 77
  • Directive 2003/86 -A17 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 2003/86 -C2 : paragraphs 75, 80
  • Directive 2003/86 -C9 : paragraph 65
  • Directive 2004/38 : paragraphs 11 - 17, 41
  • Directive 2004/38 -A03P1 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -540/03 : paragraphs 70, 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -392/05 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -127/08 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/08 : paragraphs 69, 71 - 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -34/09 : paragraphs 32, 38, 43, 45 - 47, 55, 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -403/09 : paragraphs 76, 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -434/09 : paragraphs 43, 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/11 : paragraphs 4 - 44, 47, 48, 52, 56, 59, 67, 68

Operative part

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 7 : points 6, 63, 77, 78
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 -P2 : points 7, 78
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 -P3 : point 7
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P3 : point 77
  • TFEU, Article 20 : points 25, 31, 43, 45, 50, 53, 54, 91
  • TFEU, Article 20 -P1 : point 35
  • Directive 2003/86 : points 3, 8, 31, 45, 55 - 62, 76, 79, 91
  • Directive 2003/86 -A04 : point 9
  • Directive 2003/86 -A04P1LA : point 9
  • Directive 2003/86 -A05P5 : points 10, 78
  • Directive 2003/86 -A06 : point 59
  • Directive 2003/86 -A07 : point 59
  • Directive 2003/86 -A07P1LC : points 11, 59, 63
  • Directive 2003/86 -A08 : point 59
  • Directive 2003/86 -A17 : point 10
  • Directive 2003/86 -C2 : points 8, 63
  • Directive 2004/38 : point 32
  • Directive 2004/38 -A02PT2 : point 33
  • Directive 2004/38 -A03P1 : points 33, 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -540/03 : points 62, 63, 76, 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -127/08 : point 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -578/08 : points 59, 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -34/09 : points 4, 5, 28, 36, 39, 43, 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -279/09 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -461/10 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/11 : points 33, 43


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 07/07/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 27/09/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

06/12/2012


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 269 from 10.09.2011, p.36

Judgment: OJ C 26 from 26.01.2013, p.11

Name of the parties

O. and S.

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Ismaili, Nadia: Rechtspraak Vreemdelingen recht (Ed. Ars Aequi Libri - Nijmegen) 2012 p.207-210 (NL)
  2. Tinç, Mehmet: Jurisprudence de la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne en matière de droits fondamentaux, L'Europe des libertés: revue d'actualité juridique 2012 nº 39/40 p.66 (FR)
  3. Aubert, Michel ; Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Cassagnabère, Hervé: Chronique de jurisprudence de la CJUE. Citoyenneté de l'Union - Droit de séjour dérivé des ressortissants de pays tiers, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2013 p.335-336 (FR)
  4. Rigaux, Anne: Regroupement familial. En matière de citoyenneté européenne, décidément, « rien n'est simple, tout se complique » : des implications de l'article 20 TFUE sur le droit au regroupement familial dans des familles (très) recomposées, Europe 2013 Février Comm. nº 2 p.14-16 (FR)
  5. Weterings, Tomas: Volgende stap in de versterking van de positie van het kind?, Asiel en Migrantenrecht 2013 p.29-32 (NL)
  6. Hauser, Jean: L'éclatement des familles et le regroupement familial, Revue trimestrielle de droit civil 2013 p.101 (FR)
  7. Carlier, Jean-Yves: La libre circulation des personnes dans et vers l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2013 nº 197 p.103-114 (FR)
  8. Pfersich, Andreas: Unionsbürgerschaft, Recht auf Familienzusammenführung, Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2013 p.209-210 (DE)
  9. Almhofer, Martina: Zum Aufenthaltsrecht Drittstaatsangehöriger zwei Jahre post Zambrano, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 2013 p.1134-1137 (DE)
  10. Schuster, Alexander: L'omissio medio ovvero l'emergere di una identità territoriale propria dell'Unione, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2013 p.556-567 (IT)
  11. Carlier, Jean-Yves: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2014 nº 207 p.105-114 (FR)
  12. Barbou Des Places, Ségolène: Pas de droit de séjour dérivé d'un citoyen européen pour un ressortissant d'un pays tiers, Revue critique de droit international privé 2014 nº 2 p.362-370 (FR)
  13. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Renaudière, Géraldine: Libre circulation des personnes dans l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2018 p.141-151 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Korkein hallinto-oikeus - Finland

Subject-matter

  • Citizenship of the Union
  • - Right of entry and residence
  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Immigration policy

Provisions of national law referred to

FI - Ulkomaalaislaki, 37, § 1, 39, § 1, 47, § 3 et 66 a §

Ulkomaalaislaki 301/2004, 6 § 1, 37 § 1, 39 §, 47 § 5 et 66 a §

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

deuxième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ó Caoimh

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • Finnish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French