Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 21 January 2016

"ERGO Insurance" SE v "If P&C Insurance" AS and "Gjensidige Baltic" AAS v "PZU Lietuva" UAB DK

Requests for a preliminary ruling from the Vilniaus miesto apylinkės teismas and the Lietuvos Aukščiausiasis Teismas

References for a preliminary ruling — Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Choice of applicable law — Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 and Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 — Directive 2009/103/EC — Accident caused by a tractor unit coupled with a trailer, each of the vehicles being insured by different insurers — Accident which occurred in a Member State other than that in which the insurance contracts were concluded — Action for indemnity between the insurers — Applicable law — Definitions of ‘contractual obligations’ and ‘non-contractual obligations’

Joined Cases C-359/14 and C-475/14


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
26/02/2016 ERGO Insurance
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2016:40
21/01/2016 ERGO Insurance
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2016:40
21/01/2016 ERGO Insurance
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2015:630
24/09/2015 ERGO Insurance
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
05/09/2014 ERGO Insurance
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.19 Motor vehicle liability insurance
      4.11.19.01 Compulsory insurance
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.05 Conflicts of laws
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.05 Conflicts of laws


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05 : paragraph 43
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT1 : paragraph 44
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT3 : paragraph 45
  • Regulation 864/2007 : paragraphs 1, 34, 36, 38, 61, 64
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A01 : paragraphs 34, 37, 43, 45 - 47, 51
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A02 : paragraphs 45, 46
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04 : paragraphs 11, 26, 52, 59, 60, 64
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1 : paragraph 34
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15 : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LA : paragraph 52
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A15LB : paragraph 52
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A18 : paragraph 13
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A19 : paragraphs 14, 56, 57, 59
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A20 : paragraphs 15, 34
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A27 : paragraphs 16, 37, 38
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A28 : paragraph 37
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C7 : paragraphs 10, 43
  • Regulation 864/2007 -CH2 : paragraphs 59, 60, 63
  • Regulation 593/2008 : paragraphs 1, 34, 36, 38, 54, 64
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A01 : paragraphs 37, 43, 44
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A01P1 : paragraphs 4, 34
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04P4 : paragraph 26
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A07 : paragraphs 6, 34, 58, 60, 62, 64
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A15 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A16 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A23 : paragraphs 9, 37, 38
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A25 : paragraph 37
  • Regulation 593/2008 -C7 : paragraphs 3, 43
  • Directive 2009/103 : paragraphs 36, 39, 40
  • Directive 2009/103 -A03 : paragraph 18
  • Directive 2009/103 -A14 : paragraphs 19, 41
  • Directive 2009/103 -A14LB : paragraphs 1, 34, 38, 63
  • Directive 2009/103 -C12 : paragraph 39
  • Directive 2009/103 -C26 : paragraphs 17, 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/12 -N27 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/12 -N32 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -375/13 -N39 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -350/14 -N24 : paragraph 52

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 864/2007
  • Interprets : Regulation 864/2007 -A04
  • Interprets : Regulation 593/2008
  • Interprets : Regulation 593/2008 -A07
  • Interprets : Directive 2009/103 -A14LB

Opinion

  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 3, 4, 44, 45, 47, 56
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : point 43
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A02 : point 56
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05P1 : point 46
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05P1LA : points 48, 49, 56, 57
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05P3 : points 46, 49
  • Regulation 864/2007 : points 2 - 4, 11, 26, 72
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A01 : points 26, 43, 46, 49
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A01P1 : points 11, 73, 74
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04 : points 26, 75, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A04P1 : points 12, 26
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A05 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A06 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A07 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A08 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A09 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A10 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A11 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A12 : points 12, 76
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A18 : points 13, 77, 78, 79
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A19 : points 14, 66
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A20 : points 14, 26, 66, 80
  • Regulation 864/2007 -A27 : point 4
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C35 : point 4
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C6 : point 4
  • Regulation 864/2007 -C7 : points 4, 43
  • Regulation 593/2008 : points 2 - 4, 5, 26, 42, 44, 54, 72, 81
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A01 : points 43, 46, 48, 49, 51, 70
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A01P1 : points 26, 55, 56, 81
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A03 : points 8, 52, 53
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04 : points 7, 52, 53
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04P1 : point 7
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04P2 : point 7
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04P3 : point 7
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A04P4 : points 7, 26, 51
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A05 : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A06 : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A07 : points 8, 26, 51 - 53
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A07P3 : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A07P3LA : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A07P3LB : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A07P4 : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A08 : point 8
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A15 : points 9, 14, 63, 64, 67
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A16 : points 9, 14, 63, 64, 67, 69
  • Regulation 593/2008 -A23 : point 4
  • Regulation 593/2008 -C40 : point 4
  • Regulation 593/2008 -C6 : point 3
  • Regulation 593/2008 -C7 : points 3, 43
  • Regulation 593/2008 -PR : point 67
  • Directive 2009/103 : point 15
  • Directive 2009/103 -A01P1 : point 16
  • Directive 2009/103 -A03 : point 17
  • Directive 2009/103 -A05 : point 17
  • Directive 2009/103 -A14 : point 18
  • Directive 2009/103 -A14LA : point 34
  • Directive 2009/103 -A14LB : points 26, 29, 32, 34, 81
  • Directive 2009/103 -C12 : points 15, 33
  • Directive 2009/103 -C26 : point 15
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : points 3, 47
  • Rome Convention 1980 : point 3
  • Rome Convention 1980 -A13P1 : point 67
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -419/11 -N43 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -419/11 -N44 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -419/11 -N45 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -419/11 -N46 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -419/11 -N47 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/12 -N28 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/12 -N32 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/12 -N33 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -147/12 -N34 : point 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -548/12 -N18 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -548/12 -N19 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -548/12 -N20 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -548/12 -N21 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -162/13 : point 16


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 23/07/2014

Date of the Opinion

  • 24/09/2015

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

21/01/2016


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 98 from 14.03.2016, p.8

Application: OJ C 329 from 22.09.2014, p.9

Name of the parties

ERGO Insurance

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Wittwer, Alexander: Der EuGH und das internationale Haftpflicht(versicherungs)recht, European Law Reporter 2016 p.67-70 (EN)
  2. De Boer, Th.M.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2016 Afl.37 p.4683-4684 (NL)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Loi applicable en cas d'accident causé par un véhicule avec une remorque, Europe 2016 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.63-64 (FR)
  4. Forner Delaygua, Joaquim-J.: Insurers and Third Parties in Transnational Disputes: Teachings from the ECJ, Les nouveautés en matière de faillite transfrontalière et Les banques et les assurances face aux tiers (Ed. Schulthess - Genève) 2016 p.121-144 (EN)
  5. Staudinger, Ansgar ; Friesen, Siegfried: Regressanspruch des Haftpflichtversicherers in grenzüberschreitenden Sachverhalten, Versicherungsrecht 2016 p.768-771 (DE)
  6. Martiny, Dieter: Ausgleichsanspruch der regulierenden Kfz-Haftpflichtversicherung bei Gespannunfall im deutsch-litauischen Verhältnis, Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2017 p.360-366 (DE)
  7. Lehmann, Matthias ; Ungerer, Johannes: Internationales Privat- und Verfahrensrecht. Regress unter Versicherern nach den Rom I- und Rom II-Verordnungen, Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union - GPR 2017 p.134-137 (DE)
  8. Sein, Karin ; Kattel, Andrus: Autorongiga teises riigis põhjustatud liikluskahju, Juridica: Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna ajakiri 2017 nº 3 p.149-155 (ET)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Vilniaus miesto apylinkės teismas (Tribunal de district de Vilnius) - Lithuania

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Safjan

Advocate General

Sharpston

Language(s) of the Case

  • Lithuanian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English