Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 16 February 2012

Belgische Vereniging van Auteurs, Componisten en Uitgevers CVBA (SABAM) v Netlog NV

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the rechtbank van eerste aanleg te Brussel

Information society — Copyright — Internet — Hosting service provider — Processing of information stored on an online social networking platform — Introducing a system for filtering that information in order to prevent files being made available which infringe copyright — No general obligation to monitor stored information

Case C-360/10


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
16/03/2012 SABAM
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2012:85
16/02/2012 SABAM
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2012:85
16/02/2012 SABAM
Application (OJ)
23/10/2010 SABAM
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling - Rechtbank van eerste aanleg te Brussel - Interpretation of Directives: - 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (OJ 2001 L 167, p. 10), - 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (OJ 2004 L 157, p. 45), - 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ 1995 L 281, p. 31), - 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market ('Directive on electronic commerce') (OJ 2000 L 178, p. 1), - 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector ('Directive on privacy and electronic communications') (OJ 2002 L 201, p. 37), - Processing of data conveyed over the Internet – Introduction by a hosting service provider of a system for filtering electronic communications, in abstracto and as a preventive measure, in order to identify consumers deemed to use files infringing a copyright or related right – Application of its own motion by the national court of the principle of proportionality – European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms – Right to respect for private life – Right to freedom of expression

Systematic classification scheme

1.
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.08 Protection of personal data
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.11 Freedom of expression and information
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.01 Directives concerning approximation of law


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 8 : paragraph 48
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 11 : paragraph 48
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 16 : paragraph 44
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 -P2 : paragraph 41
  • Directive 95/46 : paragraphs 1, 25
  • Directive 2000/31 : paragraphs 1, 25
  • Directive 2000/31 -A12 : paragraph 32
  • Directive 2000/31 -A13 : paragraph 32
  • Directive 2000/31 -A14 : paragraphs 4, 27, 32
  • Directive 2000/31 -A15 : paragraphs 5, 32
  • Directive 2000/31 -A15P1 : paragraphs 33, 38
  • Directive 2000/31 -C45 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2000/31 -C47 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2000/31 -C48 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 2001/29 : paragraphs 1, 25
  • Directive 2001/29 -A03P1 : paragraph 7
  • Directive 2001/29 -A08 : paragraph 8
  • Directive 2001/29 -A08P3 : paragraphs 28, 30
  • Directive 2001/29 -C16 : paragraphs 6, 32
  • Directive 2001/29 -C59 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 2002/58 : paragraphs 1, 25
  • Directive 2004/48 : paragraphs 1, 25
  • Directive 2004/48 -A02P3 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 2004/48 -A02P3LA : paragraph 32
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03 : paragraphs 11, 34
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03P1 : paragraph 46
  • Directive 2004/48 -A11L3 : paragraphs 12, 28, 30
  • Directive 2004/48 -C23 : paragraph 9
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/06 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -70/10 : paragraphs 29 - 34, 37, 38, 41, 44, 46, 47, 49 - 51

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2000/31
  • Interprets : Directive 2001/29
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/48

Opinion

Information not available


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 19/07/2010

Date of the Opinion

Information not available

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

16/02/2012


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 288 from 23.10.2010, p.18

Judgment: OJ C 98 from 31.03.2012, p.6

Name of the parties

SABAM

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Dolhar, Žiga: Okno za filtriranje spletnih vsebin se vztrajno pripira, Pravna praksa 2012 nº 9 p.27-28 (SL)
  2. Metzger, Axel: Keine Pflicht für Betreiber sozialer Netzwerke zu umfassenden Überwachungs- und Filtersystemen, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht 2012 p.384-385 (DE)
  3. Costes, Lionel: Pas d'obligation pour l'exploitant d'un réseau social de mettre en place un système de filtrage, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2012 nº 80 p.23-24 (FR)
  4. Roux, Olivier: Le refus communautaire d'un réseau internet régulé par un filtrage général : les affaires Scarlet et Netlog, Revue de jurisprudence de droit des affaires 2012 nº 4 p.315-320 (FR)
  5. Meister, Marie: Internet, piratage et filtrage des communications électroniques, Europe 2012 Avril Comm. nº 4 p.26-27 (FR)
  6. Idot, Laurence: Dessins et modèles et action en contrefaçon, Europe 2012 Avril Comm. nº 4 p.27 (FR)
  7. Bäcker, Kerstin: Zeitschrift für Urheber- und Medienrecht 2012 p.311-313 (DE)
  8. Zemann, Adolf: Unzulässigkeit eines Filtersystems nach rechtswidrigen Inhalten, Ecolex 2012 p.333 (DE)
  9. Solmecke, Christian ; Dam, Annika: EuGH: Verpflichtung sozialer Netzwerke zur Schaffung eines Filtersystems, Multimedia und Recht 2012 p.337-338 (DE)
  10. Dommering, E.J.: De zaak Scarlet/Sabam. Naar een horizontale integratie van het auteursrecht, AMI: Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media & informatierecht 2012 p.49-53 (NL)
  11. Derieux, Emmanuel: Neutralité de l'internet: Fournisseurs d'hébergement. Impossible obligation générale mais possibles obligations particulières de surveillance et de filtrage, Droit de l'immatériel : informatique, médias, communication 2012 nº 81 p.6-9 (FR)
  12. Loljeeh, Rajendranuth: La Cour de justice confirme son opposition au filtrage généralisé sur Internet, Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2012 nº 71 p.71-72 (FR)
  13. Bellia, Marco ; Bellomo, Gaia Anna Maria ; Mazzoncini, Margherita: La responsabilità civile dell'Internet Service Provider per violazioni del diritto d'autore, Il diritto industriale 2012 p.346-362 (IT)
  14. Colangelo, Margherita: Internet e sistemi di filtraggio tra enforcement del diritto d'autore e tutela dei diritti fondamentali: un commento ai casi Scarlet e Netlog, La nuova giurisprudenza civile commentata 2012 p.580-588 (IT)
  15. Hugenholtz, P.B.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2012 nº 480 (NL)
  16. Tréfigny, Pascale: Droit du numérique. Obligations et responsabilité du FAI, Recueil Le Dalloz 2012 p.2347-2348 (FR)
  17. Kulk, Stefan ; Zuiderveen Borgesius, Frederik: Filtering for copyright enforcement in Europe after the Sabam cases, European Intellectual Property Review 2012 p.791-795 (EN)
  18. Marino, Laure: Chronique de jurisprudence. Propriété littéraire et artistique. SABAM c/ Netlog : non au filtrage général sur internet, mais oui aux mesures mesurées !, Gazette du Palais 2012 nº 214 à 215 Jur. p.18-19 (FR)
  19. Tinç, Mehmet: L'Europe des libertés: revue d'actualité juridique 2012 nº 38 p.60-61 (FR)
  20. Dumitraşcu, Augustina: Curtea de Justiție a Uniunii Europene. Hotărârea Curţii de Justiţie Europene din 16 februarie 2012, cauza nr. C-360/10, Curierul Judiciar 2012 p.313-314 (RO)
  21. : AIDA - Annali italiani del diritto d'autore, della cultura e dello spettacolo (Ed. Giuffrè-Milano) 2012 p.504-505 (IT)
  22. De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto: Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea - Sentencia de 16 de febrero de 2012, Asunto C-360/10, Belgische Vereniging van Auteurs, Componisten en Uitgevers CVBA (SABAM) c. Netlog NV, Revista Jurídica de Catalunya 2012 nº 4 p.248-253 (ES)
  23. Spagnolo, Andrea: Bilanciamento tra diritto d'autore, libertà d'impresa e libertà fondamentali nella giurisprudenza recente della Corte di giustizia, Giurisprudenza di merito 2013 p.125-p.131 (IT)
  24. Spedicato, Giorgio: La limitazione dei diritti audiovisivi sportivi nella giurisprudenza della Corte di giustizia UE sui brevi estratti di cronaca, Giurisprudenza commerciale 2014 3/4 p.139-155 (IT)
  25. Caponi, Remo: La Corte costituzionale tedesca e la crisi dell'eurozona, Giornale di diritto amministrativo 2014 p.469-478 (IT)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Rechtbank van eerste aanleg te Brussel - Belgium

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Freedom of establishment
  • Freedom to provide services
  • Consumer protection
  • Data protection

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Malenovský

Advocate General

Cruz Villalón

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available