Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 19 December 2012

Mostafa Abed El Karem El Kott and Others v Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Fővárosi Bíróság

Directive 2004/83/EC — Minimum standards for determining who qualifies for refugee status or subsidiary protection status — Stateless persons of Palestinian origin who have in fact availed themselves of assistance from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) — The right of those stateless persons to recognition as refugees on the basis of the second sentence of Article 12(1)(a) of Directive 2004/83 — Conditions under which applicable — Cessation of UNRWA assistance ‘for any reason’ — Evidence — Consequences for the persons concerned seeking refugee status — Persons ‘ipso facto … entitled to the benefits of [the] Directive’ — Automatic recognition as a ‘refugee’ within the meaning of Article 2(c) of Directive 2004/83 and the granting of refugee status in accordance with Article 13 thereof

Case C‑364/11


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
01/02/2013 Abed El Karem El Kott and Others
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2012:826
19/12/2012 Abed El Karem El Kott and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2012:826
19/12/2012 Abed El Karem El Kott and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2012:569
13/09/2012 Abed El Karem El Kott and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
11/11/2011 Abed El Karem El Kott and Others
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Fovárosi Bíróság – Interpretation of Articles 12(1)(a) of Council Directive 2004/83/EC of 29 April 2004 on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted (OJ 2004 L 304, p. 12) – Stateless persons of Palestinian origin who have availed themselves of the protection of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) – Whether such a stateless person is ipso facto entitled to the benefits of Directive 2004/83/EC where the protection provided by that agency ceases – Circumstances under which the protection may be deemed to have come to an end – The meaning of being ‘entitled to the benefits of this Directive’

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • TFEU, Article 78 -P1 : paragraph 43
  • Directive 2004/83 : paragraph 43
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LC : paragraphs 15, 72 - 74, 76, 79, 81
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LE : paragraph 66
  • Directive 2004/83 -A04P3 : paragraph 64
  • Directive 2004/83 -A11P1LF : paragraph 77
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P1LA : paragraphs 1, 18, 41, 45, 46, 48 - 52, 55 - 57, 59, 60, 62, 65, 67 - 70, 73 - 75, 80, 81
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P1LB : paragraphs 19, 76, 81
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P2 : paragraphs 20, 76, 81
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P3 : paragraphs 76, 81
  • Directive 2004/83 -A14P1 : paragraph 77
  • Directive 2004/83 -C3 : paragraph 42
  • Directive 2004/83 -C16 : paragraph 42
  • Directive 2004/83 -C17 : paragraph 42
  • Directive 2005/85 -A02LC : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -175/08 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -31/09 : paragraphs 42, 44, 47, 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -71/11 : paragraph 43

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2004/83 -A12P1LA

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 20 : point 69
  • TFEU, Article 78 -P1 : point 22
  • Directive 2004/83 : points 2, 22
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LC : points 7, 28, 35, 42, 47, 50, 60 - 73, 81, 82
  • Directive 2004/83 -A02LE : point 11
  • Directive 2004/83 -A04 : point 10
  • Directive 2004/83 -A11 : point 36
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P1 : point 8
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P1LA : points 1, 9, 19, 28 - 34, 39 - 54, 59 - 67, 77 - 85
  • Directive 2004/83 -A12P1LB : point 36
  • Directive 2004/83 -A13 : point 10
  • Directive 2004/83 -A18 : point 11
  • Directive 2004/83 -A20 : point 36
  • Directive 2004/83 -A21P1 : point 12
  • Directive 2004/83 -A34 : point 36
  • Directive 2011/95 : point 12
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -31/09 : points 22, 52, 60, 64, 78, 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -31/09 : points 2, 3, 20, 27, 47, 51, 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -19/11 : point 30


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 11/07/2011

Date of the Opinion

  • 13/09/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

19/12/2012


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 347 from 26.11.2011, p.7

Judgment: OJ C 46 from 16.02.2013, p.8

Name of the parties

Abed El Karem El Kott and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Bruin, René: Rechtspraak Vreemdelingen recht (Ed. Ars Aequi Libri - Nijmegen) 2012 p.119-120 (NL)
  2. Aubert, Michel ; Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Cassagnabère, Hervé: Chronique de jurisprudence de la CJUE. Asile - Réfugiés de Palestine, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2013 p.336-337 (FR)
  3. Gazin, Fabienne: Réfugiés palestiniens. Les réfugiés palestiniens qui ne bénéficient plus d'une protection des Nations-Unies ne sont pourtant pas des demandeurs d'asile comme les autres, Europe 2013 Février Comm. nº 2 p.28 (FR)
  4. Carlier, Jean-Yves: La libre circulation des personnes dans et vers l'Union européenne, Journal de droit européen 2013 nº 197 p.103-114 (FR)
  5. Mortelmans, Annika: S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2013 p.331-333 (NL)
  6. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2019 nº 3 p.114-130 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Fővárosi Törvényszék (anciennement Fővárosi Bíróság) - Hungary

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - asylum policy

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Sharpston

Language(s) of the Case

  • Hungarian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English