Judgment of the Court (Fourth Chamber) of 29 January 2020

Sky plc and Others v Skykick UK Limited and Skykick Inc

Request for a preliminary ruling from the High Court of Justice (Chancery Division)

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Approximation of laws — Community trade mark — Regulation (EC) No 40/94 — Articles 7 and 51 — First Directive 89/104/EEC — Articles 3 and 13 — Identification of the goods or services covered by the registration — Failure to comply with the requirements of clarity and precision — Bad faith of the applicant — No intention to use the trade mark for the goods or services covered by the registration — Total or partial invalidity of the trade mark — National legislation requiring the applicant to state that he or she intends to use the trade mark applied for

Case C-371/18


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
20/03/2020 Sky and Others
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2020:45
29/01/2020 Sky and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Abstract
ECLI:EU:C:2020:45
29/01/2020 Sky and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2019:864
16/10/2019 Sky and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
20/07/2018 Sky and Others
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
        4.11.03.01.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.00 General
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
        4.11.03.01.06 Marks contrary to public policy or to accepted principles of morality
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.03 European Union trade mark
      4.11.03.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
        4.11.03.01.11 Applicant acting in bad faith
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.01 Absolute grounds for refusal
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.09 Harmonised intellectual property rights
      4.11.09.01 Trade marks
        4.11.09.01.00 General


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Directive 89/104 : paragraphs 20, 21, 28, 52, 53, 61, 77, 82, 84 - 87
  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : paragraphs 23, 63
  • Directive 89/104 -A03 : paragraphs 54, 56, 58 - 60, 62, 71
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1 : paragraphs 24, 57
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LA : paragraph 63
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LF : paragraphs 65, 66
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P2 : paragraph 24
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P2LD : paragraphs 57, 72, 73, 75, 81
  • Directive 89/104 -A07P1 : paragraph 57
  • Directive 89/104 -A12 : paragraph 68
  • Directive 89/104 -A12P1 : paragraph 25
  • Directive 89/104 -A13 : paragraphs 26, 69, 72, 79
  • Directive 89/104 -C5 : paragraph 22
  • Directive 89/104 -C7 : paragraph 22
  • Directive 89/104 -C8 : paragraph 22
  • Regulation 40/94 : paragraphs 10, 11, 52, 53, 59, 77
  • Regulation 40/94 -A04 : paragraphs 12, 63
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07 : paragraphs 54, 57, 60, 62, 71
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07P1 : paragraphs 13, 58, 61
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07P1LA : paragraph 63
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07P1LF : paragraphs 65, 66
  • Regulation 40/94 -A15P1 : paragraph 14
  • Regulation 40/94 -A38P1 : paragraph 15
  • Regulation 40/94 -A50P1 : paragraph 68
  • Regulation 40/94 -A50P1LA : paragraph 16
  • Regulation 40/94 -A50P2 : paragraph 69
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51 : paragraphs 17, 54, 60 - 62, 71
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51P1 : paragraph 58
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51P1LA : paragraph 57
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51P1LB : paragraphs 57, 72, 73, 75, 81
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51P3 : paragraphs 72, 79
  • Regulation 40/94 -A96 : paragraph 57
  • Regulation 40/94 -A96P1 : paragraph 18
  • Directive 2008/95 : paragraphs 20, 52
  • Directive 2008/95 -A18 : paragraphs 27, 51
  • Regulation 207/2009 : paragraphs 10, 52
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A167 : paragraph 51
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A167P1 : paragraph 19
  • Directive 2015/2436 : paragraph 47
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A55 : paragraph 20
  • Regulation 1001/2017 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A04 : paragraph 35
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A07P1LA : paragraph 35
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A59P1LA : paragraph 35
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A128P1 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -299/99 -N74 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N78 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N51 : paragraph 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -421/04 -N19 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 : paragraphs 32, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -320/12 -N34 : paragraph 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -320/12 -N35 : paragraph 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -320/12 -N42 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -591/12 -N12 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -577/14 -N29 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -577/14 -N30 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -501/15 -N38 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/18 -N45 : paragraph 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/18 -N46 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -541/18 -N22 : paragraph 76

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 40/94 -A07
  • Interprets : Regulation 40/94 -A51
  • Interprets : Regulation 40/94 -A51P1LB
  • Interprets : Directive 89/104 -A03P2LD
  • Interprets : Directive 89/104

Opinion

  • Directive 89/104 : points 33, 35, 36, 42, 51, 94, 142
  • Directive 89/104 -A02 : points 40, 54
  • Directive 89/104 -A03 : points 41, 43
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LA : points 40, 50, 54
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P1LF : points 59, 143
  • Directive 89/104 -A03P2LD : points 93, 139
  • Directive 89/104 -A13 : points 125, 127, 143
  • Directive 89/104 -C5 : point 135
  • Directive 89/104 -C7 : point 136
  • Regulation 40/94 : points 33, 35, 36, 51, 94
  • Regulation 40/94 -A04 : points 40, 54
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07 : point 44
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07P1LA : points 40, 50, 54
  • Regulation 40/94 -A07P1LF : points 59, 143
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51 : points 44, 47
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51P1LB : points 85, 93, 100, 115
  • Regulation 40/94 -A51P3 : points 125, 127, 143
  • Regulation 40/94 -A96 : point 45
  • Regulation 1891/2006 : point 33
  • Directive 2008/95 : points 22, 34 - 36, 42
  • Directive 2008/95 -A03P1LA : point 40
  • Directive 2008/95 -C6 : point 135
  • Directive 2008/95 -C8 : point 136
  • Directive 2008/95 -C9 : point 69
  • Regulation 207/2009 : points 22, 33, 34, 36, 103
  • Regulation 207/2009 -A52P1LB : point 99
  • Regulation 207/2009 -C10 : point 69
  • Directive 2015/2436 : points 19, 33, 129, 134
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A03 : point 23
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A04 : point 23
  • Directive 2015/2436 -A05 : point 23
  • Directive 2015/2436 -C31 : point 71
  • Directive 2015/2436 -C32 : point 71
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A04 : point 23
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A07P1LA : point 23
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A08 : point 23
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A33P2 : point 11
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A59P1LA : point 119
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -A59P1LB : point 115
  • Regulation 1001/2017 -C28 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -39/97 -N28 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -363/99 -N34 : point 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 : point 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N48 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N50 : point 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N51 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -273/00 -N52 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -418/02 -N47 : point 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -418/02 -N30 : point 136
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -353/03 -N25 : point 28
  • General Court - Judgment T -126/03 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -421/04 -N19 : point 42
  • General Court - Judgment T -256/04 -N21 : point 83
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -529/07 -N48 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 : points 92, 94, 109, 111
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 -N31 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 -N32 : point 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 -N37 : point 100
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 -N42 : point 100
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 -N43 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -529/07 -N44 : point 72
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -569/08 : point 111
  • General Court - Judgment T -507/08 -N88 : point 102
  • General Court - Judgment T -507/08 -N89 : point 102
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -307/10 -N68 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 : points 11, 21, 22, 24, 37, 54, 57, 58, 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N43 : point 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N44 : point 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N45 : point 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N46 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N47 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N48 : point 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -307/10 -N54 : point 75
  • General Court - Judgment T -321/10 : point 119
  • General Court - Judgment T -321/10 -N47 : point 126
  • General Court - Judgment T -321/10 -N48 : point 126
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -149/11 -N32 : point 70
  • General Court - Judgment T -33/11 -N24 : point 102
  • General Court - Judgment T -33/11 -N25 : point 102
  • General Court - Judgment T -33/11 -N26 : point 102
  • General Court - Judgment T -33/11 -N32 : point 126
  • General Court - Judgment T -136/11 : point 92
  • General Court - Judgment T -136/11 -N54 : point 102
  • General Court - Judgment T -136/11 -N55 : point 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -320/12 : point 136
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -320/12 -N42 : point 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N24 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N25 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N26 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N27 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N28 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N29 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -597/12 -N30 : point 118
  • General Court - Judgment T -47/12 -N20 : point 83
  • General Court - Judgment T -327/12 -N38 : point 102
  • General Court - Judgment T -327/12 -N39 : point 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -217/13 -N31 : point 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -577/14 -N29 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -577/14 -N30 : point 21
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 : points 92, 96, 112
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N28 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N29 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N30 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N31 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N32 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N33 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N48 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N49 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N50 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N51 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -82/14 -N52 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -343/14 -N46 : point 103
  • General Court - Judgment T -343/14 -N47 : point 103
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -501/15 -N38 : point 21
  • General Court - Judgment T -132/16 -N63 : point 107
  • General Court - Judgment T -132/16 -N64 : point 107
  • General Court - Judgment T -132/16 -N65 : point 107
  • Court of Justice - Order C -101/17 : points 92, 103, 112
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -104/18 -N32 : point 97
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/18 -N45 : point 98
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/18 -N62 : point 101


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 06/06/2018

Date of the Opinion

  • 16/10/2019

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

29/01/2020


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Information not available

Name of the parties

Sky and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

Information not available



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

High Court of Justice (Chancery Division) - United Kingdom

Subject-matter

  • Intellectual, industrial and commercial property
  • - Trade marks
  • Approximation of laws

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

quatrième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Jürimäe

Advocate General

Tanchev

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English