Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 16 January 2019

Stefano Liberato v Luminita Luisa Grigorescu

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Corte suprema di cassazione

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of judgments on maintenance obligations — Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 — Article 5(2) — Article 27 — Article 35(3) — Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of decisions in matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility — Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 — Article 19 — Lis pendens — Article 22(a) — Article 23(a) — Non-recognition where the decisions are manifestly contrary to public policy — Article 24 — Prohibition of review of jurisdiction of the court of origin — Ground for the non-recognition based on a breach of the rules of lis pendens — Absence

Case C-386/17


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
22/02/2019 Liberato
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2019:24
16/01/2019 Liberato
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2018:670
06/09/2018 Liberato
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
22/09/2017 Liberato
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 31, 43
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT2 : paragraph 36
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A27 : paragraphs 11, 29, 32, 36, 38, 39, 47, 53, 56
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34 : paragraphs 12, 47, 55
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34P4 : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35 : paragraph 13
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35P3 : paragraphs 45, 53
  • Regulation 2201/2003 : paragraphs 1, 39, 40, 44
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12P1 : paragraphs 4, 37
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A15 : paragraph 52
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A17 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19 : paragraphs 6, 23, 29, 32, 34, 38, 39, 47, 50, 52, 56
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P1 : paragraphs 35, 36
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P2 : paragraph 30
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P3 : paragraph 30
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A22 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A22LA : paragraphs 47, 48, 55
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A22LC : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A23 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A23LA : paragraphs 47, 55
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A23LE : paragraph 28
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A24 : paragraphs 9, 30, 45, 48, 50 - 52
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C11 : paragraphs 3, 31
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C21 : paragraphs 3, 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/09 -N73 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N85 : paragraph 45
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -1/13 -N40 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -656/13 -N58 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -681/13 -N49 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N27 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N29 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N30 : paragraph 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N33 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N34 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -455/15 -N35 : paragraph 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -455/15 -N36 : paragraph 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -455/15 -N45 : paragraph 52
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -455/15 -N46 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N50 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N54 : paragraph 44
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -386/17 : paragraphs 36, 44, 51

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A27
  • Interprets : Regulation 2201/2003 -A19

Opinion

  • TFEU, Article 267 : point 95
  • Regulation 1347/2000 : points 51, 96
  • Regulation 1347/2000 -A11 : point 55
  • Regulation 1347/2000 -A11P2 : point 46
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 53, 72, 83, 84, 88
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A05PT2 : points 5, 44, 57
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A27 : points 4, 6, 34, 45, 46, 49, 51, 58, 82, 96
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A28 : points 7, 37, 51
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34 : point 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34P4 : point 33
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT1 : point 69
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35 : point 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A35P3 : points 4, 45, 69, 74, 81, 82, 96
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A36 : point 79
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A45P2 : point 79
  • Regulation 2201/2003 : points 41, 43, 47, 53, 54, 88
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A08P1 : point 63
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12 : point 46
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12P1 : points 11, 60
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12P2 : point 11
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12P2LA : point 63
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A12P2LB : points 58, 63
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A15 : points 50, 59, 71, 75, 76, 93
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A17 : points 12, 59
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19 : points 1, 4, 13, 29, 34, 40, 45, 46, 51, 55, 76, 80, 82, 96
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P1 : points 36, 55, 91
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P2 : points 41, 49, 58
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A19P3 : point 41
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A21P1 : point 14
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A21P4 : point 14
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A22 : point 15
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A22LC : point 33
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A23 : points 16, 87
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A23LA : points 69, 74, 85
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A23LE : point 33
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A24 : points 1, 4, 17, 40, 41, 45, 69, 74, 77, 79, 80, 82, 96
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A26 : point 79
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C2 : point 73
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C11 : point 10
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C12 : point 10
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C21 : point 10
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C33 : point 10
  • Regulation 4/2009 : points 37, 46, 91
  • Regulation 4/2009 -A03 : point 37
  • Regulation 4/2009 -A76L3 : point 37
  • Regulation 650/2012 : point 46
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A29 : point 46
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A29P2 : point 92
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A45P3 : point 74
  • Regulation 1103/2016 : point 46
  • Regulation 1103/2016 -A17 : point 92
  • Regulation 1104/2016 : point 46
  • Regulation 1104/2016 -A17 : point 92
  • Agreement between Member States - 41998A0126 -A21 : point 46
  • Council - Other Acts - 51998XG0716 : point 55
  • Commission - COM Document (Draft Legislation) - 52016PC0411 : point 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/98 : points 87, 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/98 -N31 : point 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -394/07 : point 87
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/08 -N56 : point 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/09 -N73 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N66 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N67 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N68 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N81 : point 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N82 : point 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N83 : point 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -296/10 -N84 : point 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -497/10 : point 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -497/10 -N68 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -497/10 -N69 : point 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -1/13 -N40 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/13 -N44 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/13 -N45 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/13 -N46 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/13 -N47 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -436/13 -N49 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -656/13 -N58 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -681/13 : points 71, 83
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -681/13 -N40 : point 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -681/13 -N55 : point 95
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -376/14 -N37 : point 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 : point 55
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N27 : point 46
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N29 : points 47, 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N30 : point 48
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -489/14 -N34 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -559/14 : points 84, 87, 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -559/14 -N47 : point 95
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -428/15 -N43 : point 93
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -455/15 : point 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 : point 79
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N44 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N45 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N46 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N50 : point 73
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N51 : points 59, 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N52 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -499/15 -N54 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -565/16 -N23 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -478/17 : point 59
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -478/17 -N45 : point 63
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -512/17 -N59 : points 63, 78
  • Court of Justice - Order C -604/17 -N27 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Order C -604/17 -N28 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Order C -604/17 -N29 : point 60


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 27/06/2017

Date of the Opinion

  • 06/09/2018

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

16/01/2019


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 93 from 11.03.2019, p.10

Application: OJ C 338 from 09.10.2017, p.3

Name of the parties

Liberato

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Redactionele, Redactionele: Redactionele aantekening, Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2019 nº10 p.1327 (NL)
  2. Von Hein, Jan ; Grohmann, Nicole: f) Internationale Verfahren, Zeitschrift für das gesamte Familienrecht 2019 p.1164/1169 (DE)
  3. Muir Watt, Horatia: Sanctionner ou circuler ? Les conséquences sur le terrain des effets des jugements de la méconnaissance par le juge second saisi des règles relatives à la litispendance, Revue critique de droit international privé 2019 nº2 p.495-503 (FR)
  4. Legrand, Véronique: Vers l'instrumentalisation des règles de litispendance européenne ?, Petites affiches. La Loi / Le Quotidien juridique 2019 nº 53 p.7-11 (FR)
  5. Idot, Laurence: Non-respect des règles de litispendance, Europe 2019 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.34 (FR)
  6. Von Hein, Jan ; Grohmann, Nicole: Anmerkung, Zeitschrift für das gesamte Familienrecht 2019 N°14 p.1164-1169 (DE)
  7. Deschuyteneer, L.: Beter voorkomen dan genezen: de schending van de aanhangigheids-regels kan niet leiden tot een weigering van erkenning, S.E.W. : Tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht 2019 p.517-521 (NL)
  8. Deschuyteneer, L.: Beter voorkomen dan de aanhangigheidsregels kan niet leiden tot een weigering van erkenning Zaak C-386/17, S.E.W. : Tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht 2019 p.517-521 (NL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Corte suprema di cassazione - Italy

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Provisions of national law referred to

Information not available

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Fernlund

Advocate General

Bot

Language(s) of the Case

  • Italian

Language(s) of the Opinion

    Information not available