Judgment of the Court (Sixth Chamber) of 16 January 2003.

Commission of the European Communities v Italian Republic.

Failure to fulfil obligations - Free movement of services - Non-discrimination - Articles 12 EC and 49 EC - Admission to museums, monuments, galleries, archaeological digs, parks and gardens classified as public monuments - Preferential rates granted by local or decentralised State authorities.

Case C-388/01.

Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
22/02/2003 Commission v Italy
View pdf documents
16/01/2003 Commission v Italy
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
10/10/2002 Commission v Italy
10/10/2002 Commission v Italy
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2003 I-00721


Failure by a Member State to fulfil its obligations ─ Articles 12 and 49 of the EC Treaty ─ Admission to local museums ─ Advantageous rates for persons over 60 or 65 years of age only for Italian citizens and residents

Systematic classification scheme

B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.05 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of nationality
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-04 Free movement of persons and services
    B-04.04 Freedom to provide services
      B-04.04.00 General

Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part



Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 08/10/2001

Date of the Opinion

  • 10/10/2002

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery



Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 348 from 08.12.2001, p.15

Judgment: OJ C 44 from 22.02.2003, p.8

Name of the parties

Commission v Italy

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Belorgey, Jean-Marc ; Gervasoni, Stéphane ; Lambert, Christian: L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2003 p.387
  2. Van der Beek, J.C.M.: Een vrijkaartje voor EG-65-plussers bij alle Italiaanse musea, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2003 p.145-146
  3. Capuano, Valeria: Non discriminazione e libera prestazione dei servizi nei musei italiani: per molti ma non per tutti!, Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo 2003 p.925-928
  4. D'Acunto, Salvatore: Sentenza "musei italiani" : un freno comunitario alle preferenze locali, Diritto comunitario e degli scambi internazionali 2003 p.539-550
  5. Pizzanelli, Giovanna: Libera prestazione dei servizi, cittadinanza europea, principio di non discriminazione e responsabilità per inadempimento dello Stato unitariamente considerato: il caso della disciplina italiana sull'ingresso a musei gestiti da Regioni ed Enti locali, Rivista italiana di diritto pubblico comunitario 2003 p.1564-1577
  6. Cicchetti, Anna: La cultura italiana discrimina il turista europeo?, Rivista italiana di diritto pubblico comunitario 2004 p.249-262
  7. Davies, Gareth: 'Any Place I Hang My Hat?' or: Residence is the New Nationality, European Law Journal : review of European law in context 2005 p.43-56
  8. Leidenmühler, Franz ; Dirisamer, Katharina ; Obermayr, Florian: Preferential rates for nationals and local residents ("Einheimischentarife") under the scrutiny of Community Law, The European Legal Forum 2005 p.I-9-I-13 (EN)
  9. Leidenmühler, Franz ; Dirisamer, Katharina ; Obermayr, Florian: "Einheimischentarife" im Visier des Gemeinschaftsrechts, The European Legal Forum 2005 p.II-2-II-10 (D)

Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available


  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties
  • Freedom to provide services
  • non-discrimination
  • - Non-discrimination on grounds of nationality

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted

Formation of the Court

sixième chambre (Cour)


Cunha Rodrigues

Advocate General


Language(s) of the Case

  • Italian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German