Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 9 September 2015

Christophe Bohez v Ingrid Wiertz

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Korkein oikeus

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 –– Articles 1(2) and 49 — Jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters — Matters excluded — Family law — Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 — Article 47(1) — Jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matters of parental responsibility — Judgment concerning rights of access which imposes a periodic penalty payment — Enforcement of that penalty payment

Case C-4/14


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
16/10/2015 Bohez
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2015:563
09/09/2015 Bohez
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2015:563
09/09/2015 Bohez
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2015:233
16/04/2015 Bohez
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
21/02/2014 Bohez
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.10 Measures concerning family law
        4.06.02.10.01 Jurisdiction and enforcement of judgments - matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 -P3 : paragraph 58
  • Regulation 1347/2000 : paragraphs 38, 46, 57
  • Regulation 44/2001 : paragraphs 32, 33, 39, 46
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : paragraphs 32, N, 31, 40
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P2LA : paragraphs 37, 38
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A49 : paragraph 56
  • Regulation 2201/2003 : paragraphs 38, 39, 42, 45, 46, 53, 54, 57, 59, 61
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A26 : paragraph 44
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A28P1 : paragraphs 43, 50
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A41P1 : paragraphs 43, 50
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A47P1 : paragraphs 42, 51
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C2 : paragraph 43
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A43 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N39 : paragraph 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N40 : paragraph 33
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N42 : paragraph 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/10 -N70 : paragraph 58

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 44/2001 -A01
  • Interprets : Regulation 2201/2003

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 24 -P3 : point 81
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A1116(01) : point 49
  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 1, 3 - 6, 33, 39, 46 - 51, 54, 55, 80
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : point 48
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : points 3, 50
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P2 : point 33
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P2LA : points 3, 50
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A45P2 : points 4, 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A49 : points 4, 6, 33, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 82
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A68P1 : point 49
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A80 : point 73
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C6 : point 73
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : point 49
  • Regulation 2201/2003 : points 7, 33, 47, 50, 57, 67, 69, 71, 73, 76, 81, 86
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A01 : point 7
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A01P1LB : point 50
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A26 : points 8, 66, 77
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A28P1 : point 9
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A41P1 : point 79
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A41P1L1 : point 10
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A47 : point 11
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A47P1 : points 33, 57, 66, 68, 71, 86
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -A48 : points 78, 83
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C2 : points 77, 81
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C21 : point 77
  • Regulation 2201/2003 -C33 : point 81
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A55 : point 73
  • Regulation 1215/2012 -A66 : point 73
  • Brussels Convention 1968 : points 39, 50
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A41 : point 73
  • Council - Other Acts - 52009XG1223(04) : point 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -111/08 -N22 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/08 -N20 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/08 -N27 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -235/09 -N47 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -235/09 -N48 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N38 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N39 : points 50, 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N40 : point 51
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -406/09 -N42 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/10 -N69 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -491/10 -N70 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -182/11 -N21 : point 38
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -645/11 -N31 : point 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -49/12 -N32 : point 49


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 06/01/2014

Date of the Opinion

  • 16/04/2015

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

09/09/2015


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 363 from 03.11.2015, p.6

Application: OJ C 71 from 08.03.2014, p.12

Name of the parties

Bohez

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Nourissat, Cyril: Exécution transfrontière d'une astreinte visant à garantir le droit de visite, Procédures 2015 nº 11 p.21-22 (FR)
  2. Idot, Laurence: Astreinte et respect d'un droit de visite, Europe 2015 Novembre Comm. nº 11 p.46 (FR)
  3. Idot, Laurence: Astreinte et respect d'un droit de visite, Europe 2015 Novembre Comm. nº 11 p.46 (FR)
  4. Dolžan, Judita: Izvršitev denarne kazni, zagrožene v tuji sodni odločbi o pravici do stikov, Pravna praksa 2016 nº 6 p.00 (SL)
  5. Kroll-Ludwigs, Kathrin: Anmerkung zu EuGH, Urteil vom 9.9.2015 - C-4/14, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2016 p.255-259 (DE)
  6. Esteve González, Lydia: Tribunal de Justicia: Espacio de libertad, seguridad y justicia - Reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones: Reglamento 2201/2003 […] Sentencia del TJUE (Sala Primera) de 9 de septiembre de 2015, asunto C-4/14, Christophe Bohez c. Ingrid Wiertz, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2016 nº 68 p.181-184 (ES)
  7. Payan, Guillaume: L'exécution transfrontière de l'astreinte garantissant le droit de visite, Revue critique de droit international privé 2016 nº 1 p.195-199 (FR)
  8. Hau, Wolfgang: Umgangsrechtsverwirklichung durch Zwangsgeld im europäischen Rechtsraum (zu EuGH, 9.9.2015 - Rs.C-4/14 - Bohez ./. Wiertz, unten S. 493, Nr.31), Praxis des internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 2017 p.470-472 (DE)
  9. Marazopoulou, Vasiliki: Yperedafiki kykloforia chrimatikon poinon ston eniaio dikastiko choro, Efarmoges Astikou Dikaiou 2018 p.369-377 (EL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Korkein oikeus (Cour suprême) - Finland

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling
  • Reference for a preliminary ruling : case not proceeding to judgment

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Berger

Advocate General

Szpunar

Language(s) of the Case

  • Finnish

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French