Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 18 October 2011.

Realchemie Nederland BV v Bayer CropScience AG.

Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hoge Raad der Nederlanden - Netherlands.

Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 - Jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of judgments - Definition of ‘civil and commercial matters’ - Recognition and enforcement of an order imposing a fine - Directive 2004/48/EC - Intellectual property rights - Infringement of those rights - Measures, procedures and remedies - Sentence - Exequatur procedure - Related legal costs.

Case C-406/09.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
25/11/2011 Realchemie Nederland
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2011:668
18/10/2011 Realchemie Nederland
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2011:668
18/10/2011 Realchemie Nederland
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2011:209
05/04/2011 Realchemie Nederland
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
19/12/2009 Realchemie Nederland
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2011 I-09773

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Hoge Raad der Nederlanden – Interpretation of Article 1 of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (OJ 2001 L 12, p. 1) and of Article 14 of Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights (OJ 2004 L 157, p. 45) – Concept of civil and commercial matters – Breach of the injunction issued by a German court against importing certain pesticides into Germany or marketing them there – Fine – Enforcement of the order imposing that fine – Enforcement proceedings relating to costs orders made abroad in respect of penalties or fines for breach of an injunction against infringement of an intellectual property right

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.02 Judicial cooperation in civil matters
      4.06.02.01 Jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments – Civil and commercial matters
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.11 Approximation of laws
    4.11.10 Enforcement of intellectual property rights


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : paragraphs 1, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42, 44
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P2 : paragraph 6
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A32 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34 : paragraph 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A43 : paragraph 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C6 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C7 : paragraph 3
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C16 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C17 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : paragraphs 5, 38
  • Directive 2004/48 : paragraph 49
  • Directive 2004/48 -A01 : paragraphs 12, 46
  • Directive 2004/48 -A02P1 : paragraphs 13, 46
  • Directive 2004/48 -A03 : paragraphs 14, 46
  • Directive 2004/48 -A14 : paragraphs 1, 15, 45, 48, 50
  • Directive 2004/48 -C3 : paragraph 10
  • Directive 2004/48 -C8 : paragraph 11
  • Directive 2004/48 -C9 : paragraph 11
  • Directive 2004/48 -C10 : paragraphs 11, 47
  • Directive 2004/48 -C11 : paragraphs 11, 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -143/78 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -391/95 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 : paragraph 39
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/08 : paragraph 38

Operative part

  • Interprets : Directive 2001/44 -A01
  • Interprets : Directive 2004/48 -A14

Opinion

  • Regulation 44/2001 : points 3, 38, 40, 41, 53
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01 : points 34, 41, 48, 60, 73, 74, 79, 89, 91
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A01P1 : point 7
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A32 : point 8
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A34PT2 : point 9
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A38 : points 74, 77, 78
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A38P1 : point 10
  • Regulation 44/2001 -A49 : points 11, 72
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C6 : point 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C7 : point 4
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C16 : point 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C17 : point 5
  • Regulation 44/2001 -C19 : point 6
  • Directive 2004/48 : points 83, 88
  • Directive 2004/48 -A01 : points 15, 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -A02P1 : point 16
  • Directive 2004/48 -A14 : points 17, 34, 80, 81, 83, 84, 87, 89 - 91
  • Directive 2004/48 -A41 : point 82
  • Directive 2004/48 -A45 : point 82
  • Directive 2004/48 -C1 : point 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -C2 : point 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -C3 : point 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -C7 : point 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -C8 : points 13, 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -C9 : points 13, 83
  • Directive 2004/48 -C10 : point 13
  • Directive 2004/48 -C11 : point 14
  • Brussels Convention 1968 -A01 : points 41, 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -29/76 : points 41, 51, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -143/78 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -814/79 : points 41, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -190/89 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -261/90 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -172/91 : points 41, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -129/92 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -474/93 : point 76
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -391/95 : point 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -267/97 : point 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -271/00 : points 51, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/01 : points 51, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -265/02 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -292/05 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -292/05 : points 41, 51, 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -420/07 : points 52, 53, 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -533/07 : point 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -167/08 : points 40, 41, 89


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 21/10/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 05/04/2011

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

18/10/2011


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 312 from 19.12.2009, p.25

Judgment: OJ C 362 from 10.12.2011, p.4

Name of the parties

Realchemie Nederland

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Idot, Laurence: Notion de « matière civile et commerciale », Europe 2011 Décembre Comm. nº 12 p.498 (FR)
  2. Polak, M.V.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2012 nº 19 (NL)
  3. Mankowski, Peter: Vollstreckbarerklärung von EU-ausländischen Ordnungsgeldbeschlüssen zur Durchsetzung gerichtlicher Entscheidungen in Zivil- und Handelssachen ("Realchemie/Bayer CropScience"), Entscheidungen zum Wirtschaftsrecht 2012 p.85-86 (DE)
  4. Schröler, Philipp Roman: Vollstreckung und Durchsetzung von Unterlassungsverfügungen im EU-Ausland, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2012 p.185-187 (DE)
  5. Bittmann, David-Christoph: Die Vollstreckbarerklärung von Ordnungsgeldbeschlüssen gemäß § 890 ZPO nach der EuGVVO, Zeitschrift für Gemeinschaftsprivatrecht 2012 p.84-87 (DE)
  6. Eijsvogels, F.W.E.: Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2012 p.200-202 (NL)
  7. Anthimos, Apostolos: DEvre 18.10.2011 (ipoth. 406/09) - Realchemie Nederland BV k. / Bayer CropScience AG, Armenopoulos 2012 p.1004 (EL)
  8. De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto: Ejecución de una multa coercitiva por infracción de una orden de cesación - Sentencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea (Gran Sala), de 18 de octubre de 2011, asunto C-406/09, Realchemie Nederland BV c. Bayer CropScience AG, Revista española de Derecho Internacional 2012 nº 1 p.180-184 (ES)
  9. Pilloni, Monica: La circolazione comunitaria delle astreintes (anche quando la sanzione pecuniaria è destinata allo Stato e non al creditore), Int'l Lis 2013 p.36-44 (IT)
  10. Sladič, Jorg: Evropska izterjava in zavarovanje terjatev s prikazom postopka v sloveniji in avstriji, Pravosodni bilten 2019 nº 3 p.9-35 (SL)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Hoge Raad der Nederlanden - Netherlands

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice
  • - Judicial cooperation in civil matters
  • Approximation of laws

Provisions of national law referred to

Zivilprozessordnung (ZPO), Paragraph 890 Noord-Brabants Provinciaal Milieubeleidsplan, art. 1019h

Provisions of international law referred to

Information not available

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Berger

Advocate General

Mengozzi

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French