Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 15 January 2013

Jozef Križan and Others v Slovenská inšpekcia životného prostredia

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Najvyšší súd Slovenskej republiky

Article 267 TFEU — Annulment of a judicial decision — Referral back to the court concerned — Obligation to comply with the annulment decision — Request for a preliminary ruling — Whether possible — Environment — Aarhus Convention — Directive 85/337/EEC — Directive 96/61/EC — Public participation in the decision-making process — Construction of a landfill site — Application for a permit — Trade secrets — Non-communication of a document to the public — Effect on the validity of the decision authorising the landfill site — Rectification — Assessment of the environmental impact of the project — Final opinion prior to accession of the Member State to the European Union — Application in time of Directive 85/337 — Effective legal remedy — Interim measures — Suspension of implementation — Annulment of the contested decision — Right to property — Interference

Case C‑416/10


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
15/02/2013 Križan and Others
View pdf documents
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2013:8
15/01/2013 Križan and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2013:8
15/01/2013 Križan and Others
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2012:218
19/04/2012 Križan and Others
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2010:720
29/11/2010 Križan and Others
Application (OJ)
06/11/2010 Križan and Others
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Najvyšší súd Slovenskej republiky – Interpretation of Articles 191(1) and (2) TFEU and 267 TFEU, Council Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (OJ 1996 L 257, p. 26), in particular Articles 1, 6, 15 and 15a, Council Directive 85/337/EEC of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (OJ 1985 L 175, p. 40), in particular Articles 2 and 10a, and Articles 6 and 9 of the (Aarhus) Convention on access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters, concluded on behalf of the European Community by Council Decision of 17 February 2005 (OJ 2005 L 124, p. 1) – Establishment of a landfill site – Assessment of the environmental effects of the project – Public participation in the decision-making process – Possibility for a court of a Member State to make a reference to the Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling on the application ex officio of European Union law on the protection of the environment, even if the Constitutional Court of that State has excluded such application by a decision binding on the referring court

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.01 Reference to the Court of Justice
      3.04.01.03 Exclusive nature of the role of the national court in making the reference
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.01 Reference to the Court of Justice
      3.04.01.02 Optional or mandatory reference
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.01 Reference to the Court of Justice
      3.04.01.02 Optional or mandatory reference
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.17 Right to property
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.23 Environment, sustainable development and climate


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Treaty of Accession 2003 - Act, Article 2 : paragraph 95
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 : paragraphs 110, 115
  • TFEU, Article 191 -P1 : paragraphs 1, 47
  • TFEU, Article 191 -P2 : paragraphs 1, 47
  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraphs 1, 47, 56, 58, 64, 65, 69, 72, 73
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) : paragraph 1
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A06P4 : paragraphs 3, 47, 89, 105
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A06P6 : paragraphs 3, 47, 77, 88, 105
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A09 : paragraphs 4, 47, 105
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A09P2 : paragraphs 4, 47, 111 - 116
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A09P4 : paragraphs 4, 47, 111 - 116
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -N1P5 : paragraphs 5, 77
  • Directive 85/337 : paragraphs 1, 91, 95, 97, 99, 102, 103
  • Directive 85/337 -A01P2 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 85/337 -A02 : paragraph 6
  • Directive 85/337 -A10BIS : paragraph 47
  • Directive 90/313 -A03 : paragraph 80
  • Directive 96/61 : paragraphs 1, 77, 78, 82, 111, 114
  • Directive 96/61 -A01 : paragraphs 9, 47, 75, 104, 107
  • Directive 96/61 -A04 : paragraphs 104, 109
  • Directive 96/61 -A15 : paragraphs 10, 11, 76, 87
  • Directive 96/61 -A15BIS : paragraphs 47, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110
  • Directive 96/61 -A15P1 : paragraph 88
  • Directive 96/61 -A15P4 : paragraphs 80, 83
  • Directive 96/61 -C8 : paragraph 47
  • Directive 96/61 -C9 : paragraph 47
  • Directive 96/61 -C23 : paragraphs 8, 47, 87
  • Directive 96/61 -N1PT5.4 : paragraph 12
  • Directive 96/61 -N5 : paragraphs 13, 76, 79
  • Directive 2003/4 : paragraph 80
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P1 : paragraph 80
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P2 : paragraphs 15, 80
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P2A1LD : paragraph 81
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P4 : paragraphs 15, 80
  • Directive 2003/35 -C5 : paragraphs 16, 77
  • Decision 2005/370 : paragraphs 1, 77
  • Directive 2006/4 -C16 : paragraph 14
  • Directive 2008/1 : paragraph 80
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -11/70 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -126/80 : paragraph 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -240/83 : paragraph 113
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -302/86 : paragraph 113
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/89 : paragraph 106
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -348/89 : paragraph 64
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -431/92 : paragraphs 93, 95
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -312/93 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -261/95 : paragraph 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -373/95 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -81/96 : paragraphs 93, 94
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/96 : paragraph 113
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -295/97 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -201/02 : paragraph 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -508/03 : paragraph 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -209/04 : paragraph 101
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -402/05 : paragraph 112
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -423/05 : paragraph 106
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -210/06 : paragraph 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -215/06 : paragraph 86
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -409/06 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -500/06 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -169/07 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -473/07 : paragraph 107
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -570/07 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -137/08 : paragraph 66
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -254/08 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -378/08 : paragraph 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -379/08 : paragraphs 112, 113
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -115/09 : paragraph 77
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -128/09 : paragraph 105
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -165/09 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -173/09 : paragraphs 64, 67, 68, 69
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -396/09 : paragraph 67
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/10 : paragraph 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/10 : paragraph 70
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -378/10 : paragraph 84
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -509/10 : paragraph 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -585/10 : paragraph 107
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -591/10 : paragraph 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -249/11 : paragraph 85
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -251/11 : paragraph 65
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -470/11 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -370/12 : paragraph 56

Operative part

Opinion

  • Treaty of Accession 2003 - Act, Article 2 : point 112
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 : point 179
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 17 -P1 : point 179
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 37 : point 185
  • TFEU, Article 11 : point 185
  • TFEU, Article 191 : point 185
  • TFEU, Article 191 -P1 : point 51
  • TFEU, Article 191 -P2 : point 51
  • TFEU, Article 267 : points 51 - 63, 189
  • TFEU, Article 267 -L2 : point 61
  • TFEU, Article 267 -L3 : point 57
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) : point 77
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A06 : points 8, 51
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A06P4 : points 9, 95
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A06P6 : points 10, 78
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A09 : point 11
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A09P2 : points 19, 30, 51, 178, 188, 189
  • Agreement with Third Countries or International Bodies - 22005A0517(01) -A09P4 : points 11, 51, 173, 178, 188, 189
  • Directive 85/337 : points 3, 51, 110 - 137, 17 - 189
  • Directive 85/337 -A01P2 : points 28, 140
  • Directive 85/337 -A02 : point 51
  • Directive 85/337 -A02P1 : points 29, 126
  • Directive 85/337 -A10BIS : points 30, 51, 141, 146
  • Directive 85/337 -N2PT13 : point 127
  • Directive 93/13 -A06P1 : points 54, 159, 161
  • Directive 96/61 : points 12, 23, 51, 78, 170 - 189
  • Directive 96/61 -A01 : points 15, 51, 80, 139
  • Directive 96/61 -A01P2 : points 82, 84
  • Directive 96/61 -A06 : points 16, 51, 70
  • Directive 96/61 -A06P1 : point 72
  • Directive 96/61 -A06P1LD : point 85
  • Directive 96/61 -A09 : point 17
  • Directive 96/61 -A09P1 : point 80
  • Directive 96/61 -A09P2 : point 139
  • Directive 96/61 -A09P4 : point 81
  • Directive 96/61 -A15 : points 18, 51
  • Directive 96/61 -A15P1 : points 70, 77, 88, 95, 106
  • Directive 96/61 -A15P1LA : point 71
  • Directive 96/61 -A15P3 : points 27, 88
  • Directive 96/61 -A16 : point 19
  • Directive 96/61 -A22 : point 12
  • Directive 96/61 -C8 : point 51
  • Directive 96/61 -C9 : point 51
  • Directive 96/61 -C11 : points 13, 139
  • Directive 96/61 -C23 : point 51
  • Directive 96/61 -C24 : point 14
  • Directive 96/61 -N1PT1 : points 83, 97
  • Directive 96/61 -N5 : points 20, 70, 71, 106
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT1 : points 72 - 75
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT1LC : point 75
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT1LF : point 75
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT2 : points 73, 74
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT2LB : point 76
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT3 : points 21, 96
  • Directive 96/61 -N5PT4 : point 21
  • Directive 96/61 -PR : point 51
  • Directive 1999/31 : point 22
  • Directive 1999/31 -A01P2 : point 23
  • Directive 1999/31 -A07 : point 24
  • Directive 1999/31 -A07LD : point 85
  • Directive 1999/31 -A08 : point 25
  • Directive 1999/31 -A08LA : point 84
  • Directive 1999/31 -A14 : point 164
  • Directive 1999/31 -N1 : point 26
  • Directive 1999/31 -N1PT1 : point 105
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04 : point 27
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P1 : point 88
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P2 : points 88, 90
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P2LD : point 89
  • Directive 2003/4 -A04P4 : points 88, 90
  • Directive 2003/35 : point 77
  • Directive 2003/35 -C10 : point 77
  • Directive 2003/35 -C11 : point 77
  • Decision 2005/370 : point 8
  • Directive 2008/1 : points 2, 189
  • Directive 2008/1 -A15P1 : point 189
  • Directive 2008/1 -N5 : point 189
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -11/70 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -4/73 : point 181
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -125/79 : point 176
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -240/83 : point 185
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -297/88 : point 123
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -213/89 : point 171
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -334/90 : point 100
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -431/92 : point 116
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -280/93 : point 181
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -312/93 : points 155, 167
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -430/93 : points 155 - 158, 167
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -61/94 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -72/95 : point 127
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -130/95 : point 123
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -341/95 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -81/96 : point 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -81/96 : points 111, 117, 118
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -228/96 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -231/96 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -355/97 : point 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -7/98 : point 175
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -240/98 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -226/99 : point 171
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -99/00 : point 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -327/00 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -473/00 : points 54, 155
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -87/02 : point 135
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -201/02 : points 100, 111, 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -286/02 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -290/03 : point 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -508/03 : points 114, 128
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -94/04 : point 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -302/04 : point 123
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -341/04 : point 175
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/05 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/05 : points 153 - 158
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -306/05 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -432/05 : point 171
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -426/05 : point 136
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -215/06 : points 100, 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -409/06 : point 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -48/07 : point 123
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -394/07 : point 175
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -478/07 : point 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -75/08 : point 135
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -161/08 : point 78
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -379/08 : point 185
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -542/08 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -560/08 : points 127, 131
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -115/09 : points 78, 101, 143
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -128/09 : points 114, 143
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -173/09 : points 56, 59, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -256/09 : point 175
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -266/06 : point 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -40/08 : point 159
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -243/08 : point 159
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -27/09 : point 176
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -275/09 : points 114, 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -404/09 : point 131
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -548/09 : point 179
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -43/10 : point 117
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -71/10 : point 90
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -89/10 : point 148
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -104/10 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -109/10 : points 100, 102
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -145/10 : point 68
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -188/10 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -41/11 : point 146
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -331/11 : point 164


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 23/08/2010

Date of the Opinion

  • 19/04/2012

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

15/01/2013


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 301 from 06.11.2010, p.11

Judgment: OJ C 63 from 02.03.2013, p.2

Name of the parties

Križan and Others

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Picod, Fabrice: Un juge national peut ne pas respecter la position d'une cour constitutionnelle s'agissant du droit de l'Union, La Semaine Juridique - édition générale 2013 nº 5 p.195 (FR)
  2. Aubert, Michel ; Broussy, Emmanuelle ; Cassagnabère, Hervé: Chronique de jurisprudence de la CJUE. Environnement - Information du public, L'actualité juridique ; droit administratif 2013 p.338 (FR)
  3. Simon, Denys: Notion de juridiction. Importantes précisions sur la recevabilité des renvois préjudiciels, ainsi que sur la faculté/obligation de renvoi d'office des juridictions suprêmes à la Cour de justice en dépit de l'obligation procédurale de respecter les appréciations de la juridiction constitutionnelle, Europe 2013 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.19-20 (FR)
  4. Simon, Denys: Études d'impact. Importantes précisions sur la portée des obligations d'accès du public et de contrôle juridictionnel en vertu des directives de l'Union et de la convention d'Aarhus, Europe 2013 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.36-37 (FR)
  5. Icard, Philippe: CJUE du 15 janvier 2013 « Krizan » : la prédominance du droit de l'environnement européen sur une décision d'urbanisme nationale, Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2013 nº 1 p.121-142 (FR)
  6. Cariat, Nicolas ; Hoc, Arnaud: Arrêt "Križan": dans quelle mesure le juge national est-il tenu de poser une question préjudicielle?, Journal de droit européen 2013 nº 197 p.97-98 (FR)
  7. Skubic, Zoran: Sodelovanje javnosti v postopkih izdaje okoljskih dovoljenj, Pravna praksa 2013 nº 3 p.27-28 (SL)
  8. Mok, M.R.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 nº 254 (NL)
  9. Verhoeven, M.J.M.: Baas boven baas. De nationale rechter is bij verwijzing of terugwijzing niet gebonden aan de rechtsopvatting van de hoogste rechter, wanneer hij twijfelt of deze opvatting strijdig is met het Unierecht, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2013 p.206-212 (NL)
  10. Faix, Martin: Das Europarecht im Dialog zwischen den Gerichten der Slowakischen Republik und dem Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union, Europäische Grundrechte-Zeitschrift 2013 p.483-489 (DE)
  11. Jans, J.H.: Milieu en recht 2013 p.509-510 (NL)
  12. Squintani, L. ; Vedder, H.H.B.: De proceduralisering van het Europees milieurecht, S.E.W. ; Sociaal-economische wetgeving 2013 p.537-547 (NL)
  13. St Clair Bradley, Kieran: Când du mai este secret un secret comercial ?, Revista română de drept al afacerilor 2013 nº 8 p.99-110 (RO)
  14. Prítyi, Marek: SLOWAKISCHE REPUBLIK EuGH: Der Fall Vlk (EuGH, Lesoochranárske združenie Vlk vs. Ministerstvo životného prostredia Slovenskej republiky, C-240/09 vom 8. März 2011) sowie der Fall Križan (EUGH, Križan und koll. v Slovvenská inšpekcia životného prostredia, C-416/10 vom 15. Januar 2013), Osteuropa-Recht : Gegenwartsfragen aus den Rechten des Ostens 2016 p.126-132 (DE)
  15. Simon, Denys: Protection juridictionnelle, Europe 2017 novembre nº 11 p.19-20 (FR)
  16. Šámal, Pavel: Postavení Nejvyššího soudu v právním státě a jeho role při sjednocování judikatury, Právník: teoreticky casopis pro otázky státu a práva 2018 nº4 p.283-302 (CS)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Najvyšší súd Slovenskej republiky (Cour suprême de la République slovaque) - Slovakia

Subject-matter

  • Environment
  • - Waste
  • - Pollution
  • Provisions governing the institutions

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Kokott

Language(s) of the Case

  • Slovak

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • German