Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 1 December 2011.

Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV (C-446/09) v Lucheng Meijing Industrial Company Ltd and Others and Nokia Corporation (C-495/09) v Her Majesty’s Commissioners of Revenue and Customs.

References for a preliminary ruling: Rechtbank van eerste aanleg te Antwerpen - Belgium (C-446/09) and Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division) - United Kingdom (C-495/09).

Common commercial policy - Combating the entry into the European Union of counterfeit and pirated goods - Regulations (EC) No 3295/94 and No 1383/2003 - Customs warehousing and external transit of goods from non-member States which constitute imitations or copies of goods protected in the European Union by intellectual property rights - Action by the authorities of the Member States - Conditions.

Joined cases C-446/09 and C-495/09.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
20/01/2012 Philips and Nokia
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2011:796
01/12/2011 Philips and Nokia
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2011:796
01/12/2011 Philips and Nokia
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2011:45
03/02/2011 Philips and Nokia
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Order
ECLI:EU:C:2011:9
11/01/2011 Philips and Nokia
Application (OJ)
30/01/2010 Philips and Nokia
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2011 I-12435

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Rechtbank van eerste aanleg te Antwerpen – Interpretation of Article 6(2)(b) of Council Regulation (EC) No 3295/94 of 22 December 1994 laying down measures to prohibit the release for free circulation, export, re-export or entry for a suspensive procedure of counterfeit and pirated goods (OJ 1994 L 341, p. 8) – Release for free circulation and entry for a suspensive procedure – Applicable law – Goods originating in a non-member country – Infringement of the holder’s intellectual-property rights

Systematic classification scheme

1.
6 External policy
  6.02 Commercial policy
    6.02.01 Rules on trade with third countries
      6.02.01.04 Measures to combat counterfeiting in trade with third countries
6 External policy
  6.02 Commercial policy
    6.02.01 Rules on trade with third countries
      6.02.01.04 Measures to combat counterfeiting in trade with third countries


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 131 : paragraph 63
  • TFEU, Article 206 : paragraph 63
  • Regulation 2913/92 : paragraphs 3, 4
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A04 : paragraph 5
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A37 : paragraphs 6, 74
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A48 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A49 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A50 : paragraph 7
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A56 : paragraphs 8, 77
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A58 : paragraphs 9, 77
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A59 : paragraph 75
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A59P1 : paragraph 10
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A75 : paragraph 11
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A75LA : paragraphs 75, 77
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A84 : paragraph 51
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A84P1LA : paragraph 12
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A91 : paragraph 55
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A91P1 : paragraph 13
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A92 : paragraphs 14, 55
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A98 : paragraph 55
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A98P1 : paragraph 15
  • Regulation 3295/94 : paragraphs 1, 16, 49 - 78
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A01P1 : paragraph 20
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A01P2 : paragraphs 22, 50 - 78
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A02 : paragraphs 29, 69
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A03P1 : paragraph 25
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A04 : paragraph 25
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06 : paragraph 27
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06P1 : paragraphs 58 - 68
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06P2LB : paragraphs 40, 67, 68
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A11 : paragraphs 30, 69
  • Regulation 3295/94 -C2 : paragraphs 17, 64
  • Regulation 2700/2000 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 1383/2003 : paragraphs 1, 16, 49 - 78
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A01 : paragraph 19
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A01P1 : paragraph 20
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A02P1 : paragraphs 21, 22, 50 - 78
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A02P1LA : paragraph 47
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A04 : paragraph 69
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A04P1 : paragraphs 24, 25
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A05P1 : paragraphs 23, 25
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A09 : paragraph 26
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A09P1 : paragraphs 61, 66, 68
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A10 : paragraph 26
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A10L1 : paragraphs 67, 68
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A16 : paragraphs 28, 69
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A18 : paragraphs 30, 69
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -C2 : paragraphs 18, 64, 76
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -C3 : paragraph 18
  • Regulation 648/2005 : paragraph 4
  • Regulation 450/2008 : paragraphs 3, 4
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -223/98 : paragraph 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/98 : paragraph 58
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -23/99 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -115/02 : paragraphs 55, 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -405/03 : paragraphs 56, 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -281/05 : paragraphs 55, 56
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -446/09 : paragraphs 61, 62
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -324/09 : paragraph 57
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -138/10 : paragraph 75

Operative part

  • Interprets : Regulation 3295/94
  • Interprets : Regulation 1383/2003

Opinion

  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 100A : point 52
  • EC Treaty (Maastricht), Article 235 : point 52
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 95 : point 52
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 133 -P1 : point 8
  • EC Treaty (Amsterdam), Article 308 : point 52
  • TFEU, Article 114 : point 52
  • TFEU, Article 207 : point 8
  • TFEU, Article 352 : point 52
  • Directive 89/104 : points 36, 67, 70
  • Directive 89/104 -A05 : points 48, 49
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P1 : point 69
  • Directive 89/104 -A05P3 : point 69
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A84P1LA : points 99, 100
  • Regulation 2913/92 -A91P1LA : point 2
  • Regulation 40/94 : points 36, 57, 67, 70, 84
  • Regulation 40/94 -A09 : points 48, 49
  • Regulation 3295/94 : points 7, 9, 62, 71, 73
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A01 : points 11, 64
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A01P4 : point 74
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A03 : points 10, 40
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A04 : points 10, 39, 106
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06 : point 12
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06P1 : point 40
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06P2 : point 41
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A06P2LB : points 46 - 80, 113
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A07 : points 80, 113
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A07P1 : point 41
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A08 : point 41
  • Regulation 3295/94 -A08P1 : point 45
  • Regulation 3295/94 -C2 : points 60, 61, 63
  • Regulation 3295/94 -C3 : point 63
  • Directive 98/71 : point 36
  • Directive 98/71 -A12 : points 48, 49
  • Regulation 1383/2003 : points 7, 9, 84, 91, 92, 98, 103
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A01 : points 13, 88, 90, 99, 101
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A02 : points 86 - 90, 96, 97, 104, 105
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A02P1 : point 14
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A02P1LA : points 82 - 113
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A03 : point 74
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A04 : points 10, 39, 88, 90, 106
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A05 : points 10, 40
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A05P5 : points 93, 94
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A06 : point 40
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A06P1 : point 94
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A09 : points 15, 40, 88, 90
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A10 : points 16, 58, 89
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A11P1 : point 41
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A13P1 : point 41
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A16 : point 41
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -A17 : points 41, 45
  • Regulation 1383/2003 -C2 : point 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -3/91 : point 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -9/93 : points 56, 65
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -383/98 : point 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -383/98 : points 2, 72 - 76, 110
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -60/02 : points 72, 73, 75
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -115/02 : points 50, 68
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -405/03 : points 50, 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -405/03 : points 66, 67, 72, 74, 77
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -281/05 : point 74
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -281/05 : points 66, 69, 71, 72, 74, 77
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -96/09 : point 65


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 17/11/2009

Date of the Opinion

  • 03/02/2011

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

01/12/2011


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Applications: OJ C 24 from 30.01.2010, p.29 ; OJ C 37 from 13.02.2010, p.22

Judgment: OJ C 32 from 04.02.2012, p.4

Name of the parties

Philips and Nokia

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Eijsvogels, F.W.E.: Optreden van de douane tegen transitgoederen op grond van Verordening 1383/2003 en de beantwoording van de inbreukvraag, Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2011 p.274-282 (NL)
  2. Fazekas, Barna ; Lendvai, Zsófia: A tranzitáruk dilemmája a védjegyek vámjogi védelmének rendszerében, Iparjogvédelmi és Szerzői Jogi Szemle 2011 2. szám p.31-46 (HU)
  3. Lyons, Thimothy: Highlights & Insights on European Taxation 2012 nº 3 p.146-148 (EN)
  4. Berr, Claude J.: Arrêt "Philips et Nokia": l'administration douanière aux prises avec le soupçon d'une contrefaçon, Journal des tribunaux / droit européen 2012 nº 186 p.39-41 (FR)
  5. Eichelberger, Jan: Grenzbeschlagnahme nach der VO (EG) 1383/2003, Nichterhebungsverfahren nach Art. 84 VO (EWG) 2913/92 (Zollkodex) und die Verletzung von Rechten geistigen Eigentums, Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis 2012 p.285-290 (DE)
  6. Gazin, Fabienne: Protection de la propriété intellectuelle, Europe 2012 Février Comm. nº 2 p.24 (FR)
  7. Sciarone, Paul: Het arrest van de Hoge Raad inzake Philips/Postech en de Losartan-affaire - Deel I, Berichten industriële eigendom 2012 p.2-11 (NL)
  8. Sciarone, Paul: Het arrest van de Hoge Raad inzake Philips/Postech en de Losartan-affaire - Deel II, Berichten industriële eigendom 2012 p.50-58 (NL)
  9. Eijsvogels, F.W.E.: Exit vervaardigingsfictie, Intellectuele eigendom & Reclamerecht 2012 p.182-185 (NL)
  10. Ruessmann, Laurent ; Condello, Francesca Stefania: The CJEU Judgment in Nokia and Philips Clarifies the Customs Detention of Goods Suspected of Infringing Intellectual Property Rights, Global Trade and Customs Journal 2012 Vol. 7 Issue 4 p.183-190 (EN)
  11. Sujecki, Bartosz: Grenzbeschlagnahme nachgeahmter Waren, Neue juristische Wochenschrift 2012 p.1497-1498 (DE)
  12. Wiegerinck, M.W.: De Anti-Piraterij Verordening: grenzen aan de maatregelen bij de grens, Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht 2012 p.66-74 (NL)
  13. Woller, Michael: EuGH zur Grenzbeschlagnahme von Waren im Transit, Ecolex 2012 p.414 (DE)
  14. Wagner, Eva: Vorabscheidung zur Grenzbeschlagnahmeverordnung - Nachgeahmte und unerlaubt hergestellte Waren (zugleich Ablehnung der Herstellungsfiktion), European Law Reporter 2012 p.177-184 (DE)
  15. Mottet Haugaard, Annick ; Verhulst, Maroussia: Le transit de marchandises contrefaisantes par l'Europe: la Cour de justice rejette la thèse de la fiction suggérée pour justifier une retenue automatique et précise en quoi consiste la charge de la preuve de leur vente probable dans l'Union, Revue de droit commercial belge 2012 p.586-592 (FR)
  16. Micara, Anna Giulia: Court of justice balances IP rights and international trade, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice 2012 p.239-241 (EN)
  17. Caron, Christophe: 3 QUESTIONS L'arrêt « Nokia » (CJUE, 1er déc. 2011) : bilan plus d'un an après !, La Semaine Juridique - entreprise et affaires 2013 nº 10-11 p.5-6 (FR)
  18. Hugenholtz, P.B.: Nederlandse jurisprudentie ; Uitspraken in burgerlijke en strafzaken 2013 nº 408 (NL)
  19. Woltering, Bram P.: On the issue of goods in transit and (i) the conditions under which customs authorities may temporarily detain or suspend the release of such goods suspected of infringing an intellectual propery right and (ii) the requirements for the authorities competent to take a substantive decision to decide whether there is an infringement of intellectual property rights, LANDMARK IP DECISIONS OF THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE 2008-2013 (Ed. Larcier - Brussels) 2014 p.129-138 (EN)
  20. de Meyer, Carl ; Gommers, Carina: Moving forward: the new trade mark provisions on goods in transit, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht INT 2016 p.508-512 (EN)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Rechtbank van eerste aanleg te Antwerpen - Belgium

Subject-matter

  • Free movement of goods
  • - Customs union

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

première chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Ilešič

Advocate General

Cruz Villalón

Language(s) of the Case

  • Dutch

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Spanish