Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 30 May 2006.

Commission of the European Communities v Ireland.

Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations - United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea - Part XII - Protection and preservation of the marine environment - Dispute-settlement system provided for under that convention - Arbitration proceedings initiated on the basis of that system by Ireland against the United Kingdom - Dispute relating to the MOX plant at Sellafield (United Kingdom) - Irish Sea - Articles 292 EC and 193 EA - Undertaking not to submit a dispute relating to the interpretation or application of the Treaty to a method of settlement other than those provided for by the Treaty - Mixed agreement - Community competence - Articles 10 EC and 192 EA - Duty of cooperation.

Case C-459/03.


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
15/07/2006 Commission v Ireland
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Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2006:345
30/05/2006 Commission v Ireland
Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2006:345
30/05/2006 Commission v Ireland
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2006:42
18/01/2006 Commission v Ireland
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
10/01/2004 Commission v Ireland
View pdf documents
Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

2006 I-04635

Subject-matter

Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations ─ Bringing of an action by Ireland against the United Kingdom before the Arbitral Tribunal established under the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea ─ Infringement of the exclusive jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice ─ Breach of the duty of cooperation

Systematic classification scheme

1.
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-21 Environment
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.05 The various agreements concluded by the Community
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-25 International agreements
    B-25.04 Effects. Scope and limits
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.03 Obligations of the Member States
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.03 Obligations of the Member States
B European Community (EEC/EC)
  B-01 Principles and citizenship of the Union
    B-01.03 Obligations of the Member States


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

Operative part

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 30/10/2003

Date of the Opinion

  • 18/01/2006

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

30/05/2006


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Application: OJ C 7 from 10.01.2004, p.24

Judgment: OJ C 165 from 15.07.2006, p.2

Name of the parties

Commission v Ireland

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Semmelmann, Constanze: Forum shopping between UNCLOS arbitration and EC adjudication - And the winner ... should be ... the ECJ!, European Law Reporter 2006 p.234-241 (EN)
  2. Kaiser, Karen: Ausschließliche Zuständigkeit des EuGH bei Auslegung und Anwendung von zum Gemeinschaftsrecht gehörenden Bestimmungen, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2006 p.470-472 (DE)
  3. Feldmann, Ulrike: Atomrecht, Zeitschrift für Europäisches Umwelt- und Planungsrecht 2006 p.154-156 (DE)
  4. Mariatte, Flavien: Accords mixtes et arbitrage: première sanction du "devoir de loyauté au système judiciaire" communautaire, Europe 2006 Juillet Comm. nº 207 p.13-16 (FR)
  5. Pogáčová, Juliana: Rozsudok "ROZHODOVACIA PRAX SÚDNEHO DVORA A SÚDU PRVÉHO STUPŇA", Výber z rozhodnutí Súdneho dvora Európskych spoločenstiev 2006 p.60-82 (SK)
  6. Lavranos, Nikolaos: Protecting its Exclusive Jurisdiction: the Mox Plant-Judgment of the ECJ, The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals 2006 p.479-493 (EN)
  7. Lavranos, Nikolaos: The Mox Plant Ruling of the ECJ: How Exclusive is the Jurisdiction of the ECJ?, European Current Law 2006 Part 10 Focus p.xi-xv (EN)
  8. Lavranos, Nikolaos: Freedom of member states to bring disputes before another court or tribunal: Ireland condemned for bringing the MOX plant dispute before an arbitral tribunal. Grand Chamber decision of 30 May 2006, Case C-459/03, Commission v. Ireland, European Constitutional Law Review 2006 Vol.2 p.456-469 (EN)
  9. González Campos, Julio D.: Jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas. Sentencia de 30 de mayo de 2006, Asunto C-459/03, Comisión de las Comunidades Europeas c. Irlanda, Revista Jurídica de Catalunya - Jurisprudencia 2006 p.1191-1199 (ES)
  10. Cardwell, Paul James ; French, Duncan: Who decides? The ECJ's Judgment on Jurisdiction in the MOX Plant Dispute, Journal of Environmental Law 2007 Vol.19 p.121-129 (EN)
  11. Lavranos, Nikolaos: The scope of the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Justice, European Law Review 2007 p.83-94 (EN)
  12. Romano, Cesare P.R.: American Journal of International Law 2007 Vol. 101 nº 1 p.171-178 (EN)
  13. Chaltiel, Florence: Chronique de jurisprudence du Tribunal et de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes. Institution et ordre juridique communautaire, Journal du droit international 2007 p.607-608 (FR)
  14. Carreño Gualde, Vicenta: TJCE - Sentencia de 30.05.2006, Comisión/Irlanda, C-459/03, MOX - La Competencia exclusiva del TJCE y la Parte XII de la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Derecho del Mar, Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo 2007 p.185-202 (ES)
  15. Kerbrat, Yann ; Maddalon, Philippe: Affaire de l'Usine MOX: la CJCE rejette l'arbitrage pour le règlement des différends entre Etats membres, Revue trimestrielle de droit européen 2007 p.165-182 (FR)
  16. Casolari, Federico: La sentenza MOX: la Corte di giustizia delle Comunità europee torna ad occuparsi dei rapporti tra ordinamento comunitario ed ordinamento internazionale, Il diritto dell'Unione Europea 2007 p.327-367 (IT)
  17. Neframi, Eleftheria: La mixité éclairée dans l'arrêt "MOX" du 30 mai 2006: une double interaction, un triple apport, Revue du droit de l'Union européenne 2007 nº 3 p.687-713 (FR)
  18. Anagnostopoulou, I.: Evropaion Politeia 2007 p.606-609 (EL)
  19. Adam, Stanislas: Het Europees Hof van Justitie en andere internationale rechtsprekende organen. Enkele opmerkingen naar aanleiding van het Mox-Fabriek arrest, Revue belge de droit international 2007 p.113-147 (NL)
  20. Schrijver, Nico: Case C-459/03, Commission of the European Communities v. Ireland, Judgment of the Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 30 May 2006, [2006] ECR I-4635, Common Market Law Review 2010 Vol. 47 nº 3 p.863-878 (EN)
  21. Sreenan, Paul: THE STATE IN INTERNATIONAL LITIGATION - THE CAPACITY TO SUE OTHER MEMBER STATES OF THE EU BEFORE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS - THE MOX LITIGATION, LAW AND GOVERNMENT: A TRIBUTE TO RORY BRADY (Ed. Thomson Reuters - Dublin) 2014 p.89-106 (EN)
  22. Simon, Denys: L'arbitrage en matière d'investissement remis en cause par la Cour de justice?, Europe 2018 mai nº 5 p.5-9 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Information not available

Subject-matter

  • Principles, objectives and tasks of the Treaties
  • Provisions governing the institutions
  • Environment
  • - Pollution

Procedure and result

  • Action for a declaration of failure to fulfil obligations : application granted

Formation of the Court

grande chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Timmermans

Advocate General

Poiares Maduro

Language(s) of the Case

  • English

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • Portuguese