Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber), 27 February 2014

Pohotovosť s. r. o. v Miroslav Vašuta

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Okresný súd Svidník

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Consumer credit contract — Unfair terms — Directive 93/13/EEC — Enforcement of an arbitration award — Application for leave to intervene in enforcement proceedings — Consumer protection association — National legislation which does not allow such an intervention — Procedural autonomy of the Member States

Case C‑470/12


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
28/03/2014 Pohotovosť
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2014:101
27/02/2014 Pohotovosť
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2014:101
27/02/2014 Pohotovosť
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2013:844
12/12/2013 Pohotovosť
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
01/02/2013 Pohotovosť
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Okresný súd vo Svidníku – Interpretation of Article 6(1) and Article 8 of Council Directive 93/13/EEC of 5 April 1993 on unfair terms in consumer contracts (OJ 1993 L 95, p. 29) and Articles 38 and 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union – Consumer credit contract – Enforcement of an arbitration award – Application by a consumer protection association for leave to intervene in the enforcement procedure – National legislation not providing for the possibility for a third party to intervene – Possibility for the national court to allow that application for leave to intervene

Systematic classification scheme

1.
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.00 General
3 Legal proceedings
  3.08 Procedural rules
    3.08.07 Oral procedure
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.01 Reference to the Court of Justice
      3.04.01.03 Exclusive nature of the role of the national court in making the reference
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.18 Consumer protection
    4.18.04 Unfair terms
      4.18.04.03 Powers and obligations of the national court
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.38 Consumer protection
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.47 Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.18 Consumer protection
    4.18.04 Unfair terms
      4.18.04.05 Means to prevent the continued use of an unfair term
3 Legal proceedings
  3.04 Reference for a preliminary ruling
    3.04.02 Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 38 : paragraphs 1 - 61
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : paragraphs 1 - 61
  • TFEU, Article 252 -L2 : paragraph 22
  • TFEU, Article 267 : paragraphs 23, 30, 31
  • Directive 93/13 : paragraphs 39, 45, 52
  • Directive 93/13 -A03P1 : paragraph 3
  • Directive 93/13 -A06 : paragraphs 1, 41
  • Directive 93/13 -A06P1 : paragraphs 1 - 61
  • Directive 93/13 -A07 : paragraphs 1, 5, 41
  • Directive 93/13 -A07P1 : paragraphs 1 - 61
  • Directive 93/13 -A07P2 : paragraphs 43, 54
  • Directive 93/13 -A08 : paragraphs 1 - 61
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A83 : paragraphs 21, 22
  • Court of Justice - Rules of Procedure (2012) -A97P1 : paragraph 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -244/80 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/91 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -422/93 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -314/96 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -240/98 : paragraphs 39, 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -372/99 : paragraphs 43, 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -473/00 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -480/00 : paragraph 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -151/02 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -225/02 : paragraphs 28, 29
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -237/04 : paragraph 60
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -168/05 : paragraphs 39 - 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -222/05 : paragraph 27
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -210/06 : paragraphs 31, 32
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -445/06 : paragraph 30
  • Court of Justice - Order C -368/06 : paragraph 23
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -40/08 : paragraphs 16, 40, 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -63/08 : paragraph 47
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -243/08 : paragraph 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -472/10 : paragraphs 43, 44
  • Court of Justice - Order C -76/10 : paragraphs 16, 37, 39 - 42
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -361/12 : paragraphs 21, 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -413/12 : paragraph 51
  • Court of Justice - Order C -564/12 : paragraph 33

Operative part

  • Interprets : Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 38
  • Interprets : Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47
  • Interprets : Directive 93/13 -A06P1
  • Interprets : Directive 93/13 -A07P1
  • Interprets : Directive 93/13 -A08

Opinion


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 19/10/2012

Date of the Opinion

  • 12/12/2013

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

27/02/2014


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 112 from 14.04.2014, p.9

Application: OJ C 46 from 16.02.2013, p.12

Name of the parties

Pohotovosť

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Combet, Mathieu: Les actions des associations de protection des consommateurs à l'épreuve de l'autonomie procédurale des États membres, Revue Lamy droit des affaires 2014 nº 92 p.63-66 (FR)
  2. Dupont-Lassalle, Julie: Intervention d'une association de consommateurs dans une procédure d'exécution, Europe 2014 Avril Com. nº 4 p.42-43 (FR)
  3. Moracchini-Zeidenberg, Stéphanie: Clauses abusives : périmètre d'action des associations de consommateurs, La Semaine Juridique - entreprise et affaires 2014 nº 18 p.37-38 (FR)
  4. Picod, Fabrice: Le refus d'intervention d'une association de protection des consommateurs n'est pas contraire à la charte, La Semaine Juridique - entreprise et affaires 2014 nº 18 p.10-11 (FR)
  5. Dolny, Tomasz: Procedural treatment of consumer organisations in the judicial proceedings concerning the use of unfair terms , European Journal of Consumer Law 2014 p.31-51 (EN)
  6. Naômé, Caroline ; Kodrikova, Lucia: La disparition du litige devant la juridiction de renvoi et la compétence de la Cour de justice en matière préjudicielle, Revue des affaires européennes 2014 p.211-221 (FR)
  7. Picod, Fabrice: Cour de justice, 3e ch., 27 février 2014, Photovost', aff. C-470/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:101, Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2014 (Ed. Bruylant - Bruxelles) 2014 p.727-729 (FR)
  8. Ovečková, Ol'ga: Združenie na ochranu práv spotrebiteľov a exekučné konanie (Nad jedným rozhodnutím Súdneho dvora EÚ), Právny obzor 2016 nº 2 p.145-151 (SK)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Okresný súd Svidník (Tribunal départemental de Svidnik) - Slovakia

Subject-matter

  • Approximation of laws
  • Consumer protection
  • Fundamental rights
  • - Charter of Fundamental Rights

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Toader

Advocate General

Wahl

Language(s) of the Case

  • Slovak

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • French