Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 25 January 2018

F v Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Szegedi Közigazgatási és Munkaügyi Bíróság

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Article 7 — Respect for private and family life — Directive 2011/95/EU — Standards for granting refugee status or subsidiary protection status — Fear of persecution on grounds of sexual orientation — Article 4 — Assessment of facts and circumstances — Recourse to an expert’s report — Psychological tests

Case C-473/16


Top of the page Documents in the Case
Document Date Name of the parties Subject-matter Curia EUR-Lex
Judgment (OJ)
02/03/2018 F
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Judgment
ECLI:EU:C:2018:36
25/01/2018 F
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Judgment (Summary)
ECLI:EU:C:2018:36
25/01/2018 F
Opinion
ECLI:EU:C:2017:739
05/10/2017 F
EUR-Lex text EUR-Lex bilingual text
Application (OJ)
28/10/2016 F
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Top of the page Legal analysis of the decision or of the case

Reports of Cases

published in the electronic Reports of Cases (Court Reports - general)

Subject-matter

Information not available

Systematic classification scheme

1.
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy
1 The legal order of the European Union
  1.04 Fundamental rights
    1.04.03 The fundamental rights
      1.04.03.07 Respect for private and family life
4 Internal policy of the European Union
  4.06 Area of freedom, security and justice
    4.06.01 Border checks, asylum and immigration
      4.06.01.03 Asylum policy


Citations of case-law or legislation

References in grounds of judgment

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007) : paragraphs 35, 36, 46 - 48
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 1 : paragraphs 1, 26, 35, 70
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 7 : paragraphs 35, 49, 50, 71
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 52 -P1 : paragraph 55
  • Directive 2005/85 -A02LE : paragraph 4
  • Directive 2005/85 -A04P1 : paragraphs 5, 40
  • Directive 2005/85 -A08P2 : paragraphs 6, 40
  • Directive 2005/85 -A13P3 : paragraph 7
  • Directive 2005/85 -A13P3LA : paragraph 66
  • Directive 2005/85 -A39 : paragraph 45
  • Directive 2005/85 -A39P1 : paragraphs 8, 43
  • Directive 2005/85 -A39P2 : paragraphs 8, 44, 45
  • Directive 2011/95 -A02LD : paragraph 30
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04 : paragraphs 1, 10, 26 - 29, 32, 36, 40, 41, 45 - 48, 50, 59, 64, 70, 71
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04P3 : paragraph 33
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04P5 : paragraphs 33, 68
  • Directive 2011/95 -A10 : paragraph 11
  • Directive 2011/95 -A10P2 : paragraph 31
  • Directive 2011/95 -A39P1L1 : paragraph 12
  • Directive 2011/95 -A40L1 : paragraph 13
  • Directive 2011/95 -C30 : paragraphs 9, 39
  • Directive 2013/32 -A04P1 : paragraphs 14, 40, 67
  • Directive 2013/32 -A10P3 : paragraphs 15, 40
  • Directive 2013/32 -A10P3LD : paragraph 39
  • Directive 2013/32 -A15P3 : paragraph 16
  • Directive 2013/32 -A15P3LA : paragraph 66
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46 : paragraph 45
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46P1 : paragraphs 17, 43
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46P4 : paragraphs 17, 44, 45
  • Directive 2013/32 -A51P1 : paragraphs 18, 39
  • Directive 2013/32 -A52L1 : paragraph 19
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -96/03 -N47 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N46 : paragraphs 30, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N49 : paragraph 28
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N52 : paragraphs 29, 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N53 : paragraph 35
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N54 : paragraph 36
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N64 : paragraph 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N66 : paragraph 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N69 : paragraph 61
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -472/13 -N26 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -472/13 -N40 : paragraph 40
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -83/14 -N123 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -558/14 -N28 : paragraph 50
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -560/14 -N36 : paragraph 41
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -601/15 -N54 : paragraph 56
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -473/16 : paragraph 54

Operative part

Opinion

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 1 : points 15, 18, 26, 56
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU (2007), Article 47 : point 52
  • Directive 2004/83 -A04 : points 15, 16
  • Directive 2011/95 : points 26, 29
  • Directive 2011/95 -A02LD : points 3, 22
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04 : points 4, 16, 18, 35, 56
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04P1 : point 23
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04P3 : points 20, 37
  • Directive 2011/95 -A04P5 : points 24, 25, 45
  • Directive 2011/95 -A05 : point 35
  • Directive 2011/95 -A09 : point 22
  • Directive 2011/95 -A10 : point 22
  • Directive 2011/95 -A10P1LD : point 22
  • Directive 2011/95 -A10P2 : point 30
  • Directive 2011/95 -A11 : point 22
  • Directive 2013/32 : points 26, 29
  • Directive 2013/32 -A04 : point 34
  • Directive 2013/32 -A10P3 : points 5, 20
  • Directive 2013/32 -A10P3LD : point 31
  • Directive 2013/32 -A18P1L1 : points 40, 42
  • Directive 2013/32 -A18P1L2 : points 33, 45
  • Directive 2013/32 -A25P5 : point 47
  • Directive 2013/32 -A25P5L2 : points 33, 41, 42
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46 : points 52, 55
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46P1 : point 51
  • Directive 2013/32 -A46P3 : point 51
  • Directive 2013/32 -C29 : point 44
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -69/10 -N57 : point 52
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -277/11 -N66 : point 34
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -277/11 -N64 : point 21
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N41 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N42 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N43 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N44 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N45 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N46 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N47 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N48 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N49 : point 22
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -199/12 -N72 : point 29
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -148/13 -N32 : point 26
  • Court of Justice - Opinion C -148/13 -N34 : point 30
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 : points 14, 49
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N49 : point 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N51 : point 25
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N53 : point 26
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N60 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N61 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N62 : point 37
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -148/13 -N64 : point 43
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -621/15 -N25 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -621/15 -N34 : point 53
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -621/15 -N35 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -621/15 -N36 : point 54
  • Court of Justice - Judgment C -621/15 -N38 : point 54


Dates

Date of the lodging of the application initiating proceedings

  • 29/08/2016

Date of the Opinion

  • 05/10/2017

Date of the hearing

Information not available

Date of delivery

25/01/2018


References

Publication in the Official Journal

Judgment: OJ C 104 from 19.03.2018, p.8

Application: OJ C 419 from 14.11.2016, p.31

Name of the parties

F

Notes on Academic Writings

  1. Reneman, A.M.: Het gebruik van psychologische tests met het oog op de beoordeling van de aangevoerde seksuele gerichtheid van een asielzoeker is in strijd met het recht op privéleven, Administratiefrechtelijke beslissingen ; Rechtspraak bestuursrecht 2018 nº 556-558 (NL)
  2. Simon, Denys: Preuve d'une orientation homosexuelle, Europe 2018 Mars Comm. nº 3 p.17-18 (FR)
  3. Barbou Des Places, Ségolène: Arrêt " F. " : l'admissibilité des tests psychologiques servant à évaluer l'orientation sexuelle des demandeurs d'asile, Journal de droit européen 2018 nº 249 p.178-179 (FR)
  4. Pfersich, Andreas: Art. 7 Charta der Grundrechte der Europäischen Union, Achtung des Privat- und Familienlebens, Richtlinie 2011/95/EU, Zuerkennung der Flüchtlingseigenschaft oder des subsidiären Schutzstatus, sexuelle Orientierung, Einholung eines Gutachtens, psychologische Tests, Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik 2018 p.83 (DE)
  5. Rohmann, Tim: Antrag auf internationalen Schutz aufgrund sexueller Orientierung, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 2018 p.646-648 (DE)
  6. Czech, Philip: Unzulässigkeit der Einholung eines psychologischen Gutachtens über die sexuelle Orientierung eines Asylwerbers, Newsletter Menschenrechte 2018 nº 1 p.77-81 (DE)
  7. Sußner, Petra: Zulässigkeit der Einholung von psychologischen Gutachten zur Bestimmung der sexuellen Orientierung in Verfahren über Anträge auf internationalen Schutz, Migralex 2018 N°1 p.21-26 (DE)
  8. Antloga, Alenka: Ugotavljanje spolne usmerjenosti kot razloga za preganjanje na podlagi izvedenskega mnenja, Pravna praksa 2018 nº 27 p.29-30 (SL)
  9. Nagy-Nádasdi, Anita Rozália ; Kiss, Árpád Lajos ; Kekecs, Zoltán: F kontra Magyarország – a harmadik luxemburgi szexuális orientációs ítélet, Jogesetek Magyarázata 2018 nº 1 p.59-68 (HU)
  10. Rivera, Ilaria: La richiesta di asilo e l'uso della perizia per l'accertamento dell'orientamento sessuale, Giurisprudenza italiana 2018 p.2081-2085 (IT)
  11. Nicolosi, F Salvatore: Evidential value of sexual orientation tests in EU asylum law, Journal of Immigration Asylum and Nationality Law 2019 p.36-46 (EN)
  12. Carlier, Jean-Yves ; Leboeuf, Luc: Droit européen des migrations, Journal de droit européen 2019 nº 3 p.114-130 (FR)



Procedural Analysis Information

Source of the question referred for a preliminary ruling

Szegedi Közigazgatási és Munkaügyi Bíróság - Hungary

Subject-matter

  • area of freedom, security and justice

Procedure and result

  • Reference for a preliminary ruling

Formation of the Court

troisième chambre (Cour)

Judge-Rapporteur

Bay Larsen

Advocate General

Wahl

Language(s) of the Case

  • Hungarian

Language(s) of the Opinion

  • English